"Modoc County"

1874, In the original twenty-seven counties formed in February 1851, Shasta County held the land that would eventually become in 1852 the largest portion of Siskiyou County. In 1874 February 17, Modoc County emerged from eastern Siskiyou County in the far Northeastern part of California. There were no other boundary changes in the California Legislature. Named for the Modoc Indian Tribe, Modoc County was bordered by Lassen County to the South, the State of Oregon to the North, the State of Nevada to the East and Siskiyou County to the West. The Modoc Indian War was actually fought in Siskiyou County in 1872-73 and with the drawing of the county boundary in 1874, the Lava Beds (Captain Jack's Stronghold) remained in Siskiyou County. - Notes from: Historical Atlas of California, 1974, Beck & Haase ; Captain Jack, Modoc Renegade, 1938, Doris Palmer Payne.~

1875 October 9, Oregon State Journal - The Modoc Independent says:  "There have been two continual streams of emigration through this place this season - one going from Southern California to Oregon and the other from Oregon to Southern California and Arizona. Next year they will probably take the back track, meet each other about half-way and conclude to settle."~

1876 April 15, San Francisco Bulletin - Mr. Bragg, living on Goose Lake Fork above Dorrisville, Modoc county, has lost 700 head of sheep during the past winter, and Mr. Olinger of Hot Springs, about 500. L.R. Parker, of the same place, had the forethought to provide plenty of hay and has lost hardly any sheep.~

1880 January 29, San Francisco Bulletin - NEWS IN BRIEF - Sheep dying in Modoc - Alturas Cattle men happy - Modoc county wants a courthouse - Alturas, Modoc county, has an ice-house, and is to have a two-mile race-track.~

1887 February 22, Aberdeen Daily News -

The oldest man in Modoc County, California, is "Tule Dad," aged 100 years.

In crossing the plains all of his relatives were massacred by the Indians and he became a veritable "Injun Fighter." It is said that he still can handle his rifle and ride his horse with as much agility as many men who are young enough to be his great-grandsons. He is a great tobacco chewer. He acquired the habit ninety years ago and has adhered to it ever since.~

*See Comment from "Tule Dad" family member!

1909 December 12, San Jose Mercury News - Alturas, Dec 11 - A. L. Smith, who has been purchasing all the obtainable fat hogs in the county, returned from the Davis Creek country this week, where he made a large purchase. During the last month he purchased several hundred head in Big Valley and Fall River Valley, all of which have been driven to the railroad and shipped to Reno. The price paid for hogs here is about four and one-half cents and the price received at the railroad is about seven cents.~

1910 March 6, San Jose Mercury News, Alturas - At a meeting of the Board of Supervisors of Modoc County, held Feb. 21, an ordinance was adopted prohibiting gambling in this county and provisions for the punishment of the same.~


Adinville > Adin

1869, The community was named for Adin G. McDowell, an 1869 settler; a native of Kentucky.

1871, The Adinville Post Office was established 13 April 1871 in what was then Siskiyou County. When Modoc County was created in 1874 February 17, the Post Office by virtue of boundary change was then in Modoc County. On 11 December 1876, the name changed to Adin. The first Postmaster was James K. Burton.~

1874 June 27, Marysville Daily Appeal - MAIL ROUTE TO MODOC COUNTY - The mail from Susanville to Adinville will be carried once a week each way, leaving Susanville on Monday and Adinville on Wednesday. . .~

1878 January 8, Thomas A. Roseberry, Postmaster.

1880, Located 16 miles northeast of Bieber and 22 miles south of Canby per the 1880 Postal Route Map, Adin was considered a lumbering community.  However, the Modoc County, CA 1885 Directory described Adin's principal interests as farming, dairying and stock raising.~

1880 July 6, C.A. McCash, Postmaster.

1882 April 21, Montgomery Auble, Postmaster.

1885, The town in 1885 had a weekly newspaper called the Adin Argus, a hotel, flouring mill, planing mill, livery stable, drugstore, as well as general merchandise, saloons and other businesses. The flour mill and planing mill were powered by water. There were frequent stage connections with Alturas, the county seat and Redding, the railroad connection.

William Cantrell, John A. Metzler and H. G. Hill were listed as school teachers.

If looking in the 1885 Modoc Directory for names in Ash Valley, Big Valley, or Tule Lake, one is referred to Adin.~

1885 December 31, Joseph H. Mitchell. Postmaster.

1889 April 13, Ezra M. Wilson, Postmaster.

1893 May 10, John S. Fruits, Postmaster.

1897 April 14, Luther G. McDowell, Postmaster.

1902 May 16, Edwin S. Pickard, Postmaster.

1905 December 17, James T. Negley, Postmaster.

1914 February 4, Sacramento Union - DIED - BARRY - In Adin (Modoc County), January 28, 1914, Mrs. Lucy A. Barry, a native of Illinois, aged 87 years, 8 months, 2 days.~

1921 November 8, Edwin S. Pickard.

1925 July 30, Edwin S. Pickard, Postmaster.

1940 February 1, Floyd M. Harvey, Postmaster.

1945 February 4, Letter from Luther G. McDowell to Russel Adin Estep:  L.G. McDowell, Probation Officer, Modoc County, Alturas, California; Dear Russel Adin Estep:  I was surprised to hear from you, but more glad than surprised and will attempt to answer your questions to the best of my memory, but like many others, sons and daughters of those grand old pioneers, I was careless in procuring datum of the pioneer days of California.

There were 8 children of the Adin G. McDowell family, 6 boys and 2 girls, and I am the baby - 79 - and the only one now living and my brother Oliver who is 6 years my Sr. was a close chum of your father, and how I did love those two because they were always so good and kind to me when I was a youngster. And your Grandfather and Grandmother Estep were equally kind when I would go to their home to visit with Lilly and Jim who were about my age and this was when they lived in Fall River Valley.

In 1899 I was married to a Miss Addie Dorris, who was a daughter of pioneer people, who ranked classically with the Estep and McDowell pioneers. On January 27, she was laid to rest in the Alturas Cemetery. To us 4 sons were born, Merlin D., of Sacramento, Percy D. and L. Gayle. both home here with me and one son died in infancy.

Grandfather McDowell's name was John. My father born in Kentucky. My father and mother came west in 1850, settled in Oregon and came to Calif. in 1868. My father built the first house that was built in Adin. That was in 1869. I remember of hearing father tell about going to meet Uncle and Aunt Estep, and I'm sure that was in 1853. The whole caravan was short and many others beside my father went to meet friends and relatives, taking provisions to them.

It usually took about 6 month by ox team to complete the trip from Iowa to Oregon or California. That time was taken up when my parents came across. The covered wagon's occupants, brave and fresh, left Iowa behind in the forepart of May and rolled into Oregon state in October. He left his small family - alluding to my father - my mother and one son 2 years old in what is now Oregon City, while he looked around for a permanent location. When he returned he found an increase in his family, a daughter born on October 10, 1850.

I am a genuine Modoc-er. Came to what is Modoc County now when I was 3 years old. We were cut off from Siskiyou County in 1874. Adin G. McDowell, wife and 2 sons, Oliver and Luther, Samuel Nebeker, wife, 3 sons and 4 daughters, l.W. Harris and wife, who was my sister Mary, and a 6 weeks old son were the first white settlers to make homes in Big Valley. The town of Adin was laid out in blocks and lots in 1870.

Well by this time Russel, we are a little better acquainted and hoping to meet you in person in not distant future, I will close. Yours truly, Luther G. McDowell~

1945 November 16, Mrs. Vesta M. Mathes, Postmaster.

1946 July 1, Floyd M. Harvey, Postmaster.

1949 March 16, Floyd M. Harvey, Postmaster.

1950 July 15, Mrs. Mae H. Masotti, Postmaster.

1951 October 20, Geraldine J. Joiner, Postmaster.

1956 June 24, Geraldine J. Garbutt, Postmaster.

1958 August 16, Dorothy M. Primrose, Postmaster.




See:  Dorris Bridge > Alturas



1874 August 10,  3rd class post office established 19 miles SW of Alturas and 23 miles NE of Adin as Canby, Modoc County, California. The name honors General Edward R.S. Canby, who was murdered while negotiating peace with the Modoc Indians. 

1874 August 10, James W. Pope, First Postmaster.

1887 January 20, Charles A. Stephen, Postmaster. The Post Office was moved 2 miles NE on this day.

1887 September 14, Frank M. Strickland, Postmaster.

1888 May 11, Francis W. Caldwell, Postmaster.

1891 October 15, James W. Pope, Postmaster.

1892 January 27, Charles J. Caldwell, Postmaster.

1898 December 7, Leroy B. Miller, Postmaster.

1898 December 10, Los Angeles Herald, Washington, Dec 7 - The following California postmasters have been appointed:  Canby, Modoc county, Leroy B. Miller, vice Charles J. Caldwell, removed.~

1900 March 31, Fanny B. Kane, Postmaster.

1904 June 18, Thorn H. Ballard, Postmaster.

1906 March 22, Nathan S. Kresge, Postmaster.

1907 February 25, Fanny B. Kane, Postmaster.'

1911 September 1, Sidney D. Coulter, Postmaster.

1913 March 5, Sacramento Union - ANNOUNCES POSTMASTERS -Washington D.C., March 4 - Congressman Raker of California announces the following appointments of fourth class postmasters in his district:  William E, Stewart, Canby, Modoc County...

1913 June 2, William E. Stewart, Postmaster.



1869 December 22, 2nd Class Post Office established as Cedarville, Siskiyou County, California and became Cedarville, Modoc County, California when the county was created 17 February 1874. The town and post office were named by John H. Bonner, the first postmaster, for his hometown in Ohio. Bonner also operated the first store in Modoc County. Cedarville is located 9 miles south of Lake City and 17 miles north of Eagleville.

There was also a Post Office named Cedarville in El Dorado County, Califonria established 1853 November 22, but discontinued 1863 November 12.

1877 October 16, John W. Bruner, Postmaster.

1878 August 16, Grove K. Godfrey, Postmaster.

1880 July 13, Maggie Godfrey, Postmaster.

1880 September 7, Parmelia A. Woodson, Postmaster.

1882 August 28, William R. Smith, Postmaster.

1885 December 30, Lottie Bassett, Postmaster.

1886 June 11, Joseph H. Stewart, Postmaster.

1886 December 10, Richard P. Jackey, Postmaster.

1891 October 15, Thomas H. Johnstone, Postmaster.

1894 December 17, Ransome H. Stanley, Postmaster.

1898 November 22, John Fritz, Postmaster.

1908 January 13, William Warren Shartel, Postmaster.

1911 March 4, Joseph R. Wilson, Postmaster.

1915 July 23, Nora J. Street, Postmaster.

1924 April 8, Thomas J. Wylie, Postmaster.

1936 April 1, Earle Heath Stanley, Postmaster.

1944 September 6, Georgia Genevieve Stanley, Postmaster.

1945 January 31, Earle Heath Stanley, Postmaster.





Clear Lake

1875 October 27, Established as a 4th Class Post Office as Clear Lake, Modoc County, California. 

Chrarles Putman, First Postmaster.

1877 January 18, Henry F. Williamson, Postmaster.

1878 July 2, Larkin W. Carr, Postmaster.

1880 - Per Postal Route Map, the location was given as 27 miles southeast of Tule Lake and 12 miles northeast of Cornell.

1880 December 30, Robert Taylor, Postmaster.

1882 June 28, Henry Applegate, Postmaster.

1883 May 21, H.K. Cornell, Postmaster.

1883 June 27, Orville J. Davis, Postmaster.

1885 February 20, Charles K. Bird, Postmaster.

1886 January 20, Alfred A. Wetherill, Postmaster.

1886 November 10 - P O discontinued.

1887 January 5 - Post Office re-established.

1887 January 5, Isaac J. Straw, Postmaster.

1889 January 15, Larkin W. Carr, Postmaster.

1893 January 26 - Post Office moved 13 miles west.

1893 May 10, Isaac J. Straw, Postmaster.

1893 August 9 - Post Office discontinued in Modoc County and moved 3/4 mile north into Klamath County, Oregon.


Clover Swale

See:  Hot Springs > Clover Swale



1884 January 26, 4th Class Post Office established as Cornell, Modoc County, California located 12 miles west of Clear Lake and 50 miles north of Lookout. John H. Cornell of the pioneer family for which the post office received its name was the first postmaster. Discontinued October 20, 1890, the P O was again established on December 23, 1890 until it was discontinued December 31, 1904 and the service moved to Tule Lake.

1889 September 21, Forest L. Foster, Postmaster.

1890 December 23, Heiro K. Cornell, Postmaster.

1896 March 30, William R. Brown, Postmaster.

1904 December 31, P O discontinued and service moved to Tule Lake.




1886 June 8, 4th Class Post Office established as Craig, Modoc County, California. Named for Robert A. Craig who was the first and only postmaster. The P O was located 10 miles north of Lookout and 16 miles south of Brownell.


Davis Creek

Also known as Davis's Creek.

1877 September 26, A 4th Class Post Office established as Davis's Creek, Modoc County, California. The 's was dropped prior to April 1, 1879. Located 25 miles north of Alturas, mail was supplied from New Pine Creek, Oregon, 21 miles north. Davis was a prospectoor who discovered gold and named the creek for himself.

Calvin L. Sullivan, First Postmaster.

1878 August 28, James W. Malone, Postmaster.

1879 June 13, William McJilton, Postmaster.

1880 February 24, George S. Ramer, Postmaster.

1898 December 7, Walter Duke, Postmaster.

1898 December 10, Los Angeles Herald, Washington, Dec 7 - The following California postmasters have been appointed:  Davis creek, Modoc county, Walter Dutte (Duke?), vice George S. Ramer, resigned.

1898 December 14, J.L. Austin, Postmaster

1899 May 6, William Lemon, Postmaster.

1900 October 25, Thomas Briles, Postmaster.

1900 October 26, San Francisco Call  - INTERESTS THE PACIFIC COAST - WASHINGTON, Oct 25 - Postmasters appointed:  California - Thomas Briles, Davis Creek, Modoc County, vice William Lemon, resigned.~

1902 May 22, Charley T. Watkins, Postmaster.

1911 November 24, Sacramento Union - ENGINE FALLS THROUGH BRIDGE - Davis Creek (Modoc Co.), Nov 23 - An engine pulling a construction train on the Nevada, California & Oregon railroad fell through the temporary bridge across Lawson Creek, ten miles north of here. No one was injured, but the locomotive is practically a complete wreck, as it fell to the creek bed. A wrecking train was brought from Reno to clear the right-of-way.~

1920 June 14, Mrs. Minnie A. Henderson, Postmaster.

1937 December 1, Milton T. Keaton, Postmaster.

1945 January 19, Knok Quiring, Postmaster.

1946 March 19, Joseph S. Phillips, Postmaster.

1949 November 15, Paul Frank Dolan, Postmaster.

1964 April 23, Mrs. Iola E. James, Postmaster.



AKA:   Little Hot Spring Valley

Located in the extreme southwest corner of Modoc County, surrounded by mountains on the north and west and lava beds on the south and west. Early settlers were the Gooch, Lorenzen, Oiler, and Schneider families.

"The first post office was established in 1888 by Peter Lorenzen, known as the Day Post Office. The mail was carried from the Juniper Post Office to Day by carrier twice weekly, Tuesdays and Saturdays. When the toll road was not used anymore, the Juniper Post Office was closed so the mail came from Pitville here. The Day office was closed a few years ago, and route service is used." - Phoebe Lorenzen (1965)

DAY (Modoc Co.) was a 4th class post office established 29 June 1888 with Peter Lorenzen as the first Postmaster. it was discontinued 15 October 1925, then re-established 22 September 1926. The post office was discontinued for good on 31 August 1953 and the service moved to Pitville in Shasta County.

Named for Nathaniel H. Day, a pioneer rancher, the P O was located 16 miles W of Lookout and 16 miles N of Pitville.

1888 June 28, Peter Lorenzen, Postmaster.

1921 July 30, Ellen Lorenzen, Postmaster.

1926 September 22, Miss Sylvia F. Lorenzen, Postmaster.

1932 July 30, Mrs. Phoebe A. Lorenzen, Postmaster.

1932 September 7, Mrs. Sylvia F. Totten, Postmaster.

1932 November 1, Mrs. Phoebe A. Lorenzen, Pstmaster.

JUNIPER (Lassen Co.) was a 4th class post office established 8 May 1888 and discontinued 15 August 1903. It was re-established 12 November 1924 and discontinued for good on 30 Nov 1934 when the service was moved to Pitville, Shasta Co.

The Juniper Trees growing at the site motivated the name. Juniper was 10 miles SW of Bieber per the Postal Route Map. The first postmaster was Frank I. Brown.


Dorris Bridge > Alturas

AKA:  Dorris Bridge, for Presley Dorris, who had built a bridge across Pit River. Also known as Dorrisville in 1874.

1876 June 6, 1st class post office established 16 miles NE of Canby. "Alturas" is Spanish for the heights. The location was formerly called Dorris Bridge. Nathanial B. Rine was the first postmaster.~

1876 June 13, Daily Alta California - Postal Changes - Washington, June 11 - The following postal changes are announced for the past week for the Pacific Coast: . . . Name Changed--Dorris Bridge, Modoc county, to Alturas. . .~

1879 August 5, James T. Laird, Postmaster.

1879 September 26 (Friday), San Francisco Bulletin - The Alturas Fire - Alturas, the county seat of Modoc county, was destroyed by fire on Monday evening witht he exception of the offices of the Modoc Independent and two livery stables. The fire originated in the fruit and variety store of W.W. Bedford, and is supposed to be the work of an incendiary. The loss was $130,000; insured for less than $30,000. Rebuilding has begun. The proprietor of the Independent, W.F. Edwards, was also owner of the Reno Evening Gazette when Reno was burned last March.

Latest from the Alturas Fire - Redding, September 26th - We received by stage last night an estimate of the losses at the Alturas fire:  E. Lauer & Co., store, $20,000; Marks & Sanders, store, $12,000; W.F. Comb's Hotel, $10,000; J.J. Davis, hotel, $2,000; Skinner & Mau, Saloon, $3,500; D.T. Mills, store, $5,000; A. Gagnow, harness shop, $1,500; W. Williams, saloon, $2,000; J. Stanley, $1,500; Elman Bros, $1,000; R.H. Nichols, dwelling, $1,000; W.W. Bedford, variety store, $500; Gray & Edwards, law and insurance office, $500; and many others with small losses. There was about $30,000 insurance, mostly in foreign companies.~

1885 August 28, John Madden, Postmaster.

1886 November 30, Annie E. Madden, Postmaster.

1889 July 12, James T. Laird, Postmaster.

1893 July 12, Mrs. Nellie Forrest, Postmaster.

1897 June 17, James T. Laird, Postmaster.

1898 December 7, Sarah Laird, Postmaster.

1898 December 10, Los Angeles Herald, Washington, Dec 7 - The following postmasters have been appointed:  Alturas, Modoc county, Sarah Laird, vice James T. Laird, removed.~

1905 December 19, James T. Negley, Postmaster.

1909 December 16, James T. Negley, Postmaster.

1914 January 11, Sarah Laird, Postmaster.

1914 January 12, T.S. Kemble, Postmaster.

1916 February 1, Evening News, Alturas, Feb 1 - With 15 degrees below zero at Alturas, Modoc County has been three weeks without mail or any communication outside save by wire. There has been no loss of stock so far, but Alturas is short on fuel.~

1917 October 1, George M. Kemble, Postmaster.

1922 December 31, John W. Drane, Postmaster.

1926 December 21, John W. Drane, Postmaster.

1930 December 18, John W. Drane, Postmaster.

1935 February 21, Nolan W. Smith, Postmaster.

1940 February 29, Nolan W. Smith, Postmaster.

1966 March 25, Robert S. Nelson, Postmaster.

1967 March 8, Robert S. Nelson, Postmaster.



1868 July 10, 4th Class  U.S Post Office established in Eagleville, at the time Siskiyou County, California. When Modoc County was created 1874 February 17, the location was then Modoc County. Located along Eagle Creek 17 miles south of Cedarville. 

Willard S. Clark was the first postmaster.

1877 March 19, Mrs. Sarah W. McCarty, Postmaster.

1878 August 28, Jacob Berlinger, Postmaster.

1880 September 27, Sylvester J. Gee, Postmaster.

1887 March 21, Henry L. Merryfield, Postmaster.

1888 June 6, Henry Cambridge, Postmaster.

1888 June 16, Miss Emma Keough, Postmaster.

1889 July 23, Sylvester J. Gee, Postmaster.

1890 July 11, William F. Myers, Postmaster.

1893 May 10, Mary Wilson, Postmaster.

1901 August 20, Phineas F. Powers, Postmaster.

1908 December 19, Sacramento Union - J. L. Addington, a pioneer of Modoc County, died this week at his home near Eagleville.~

1910 May 11, Mrs. Sabra E. Powers, Postmaster.

1916 June 1, Emmet A. Powers, Postmaster.

1940 February 1, Harold Gilbert Warren, Postmaster.

1943 April 26, Mrs. Mary J. Cook, Postmaster.



1912 July 29, 4th Class Post Office established as Fairport, Modoc County, California, located 2 miles southwest of New Pine Creek, Oregon. The site was a Southern Pacific Railroad Station where products such as timber and cattle were brought in from the west side of Goose Lake to be shipped by rail. Ferries were used to cross the lake to this site also.

Harry E. Walker, First Postmaster.

1914 November 11, Robert D. Smith, Postmaster.

1917 January 24, George Buckingham, Postmaster.

1918 January 4, Fred J. Sanford, Postmaster.

1920 August 14, John T. Burk, Postmaster.

1924 June, P O discontinued.

1924 November 1, P O re-established.

1928 April 3, Cora Hamersley, Postmaster.

1932 February 29, P O discontinued and mail service moved to New Pine Creek, Oregon.



1886 July 9, 4th Class Post Office established as Mud Lake, Modoc County, California. Located 20 miles north of Lookout and 30 miles south of Cornell.

Lester G. Brownell, first postmaster.

1888 December 20, P O discontinued.

1889 January 14,  Mud Lake Post Office re-established. Serena Fleener, Postmaster.

1889 January 31, unofficial name change to Fleener.

1889 February 28, P O name changed to Fleener.

Serena Fleener, first postmaster of name changed post office..

1889 February 23, Pacific Rural Press - Postoffices have been established at Fleener, Modoc County with Mrs. S.A. Fleener as postmaster.

1889 March 1, Sacramento Daily Union - MUD LAKE NO LONGER -Washington, February 28th - The name of the Postoffice at Mud Lake, Modoc county, has been changed to Fleener, in honor of Postmaster Serena A. Fleener.~

1893 June 30, Post Office discontinued and mail service moved to Craig.


Fort Bidwell (town)

Also see Fort Bidwell (Military) under the Military Heading.

1868 April 14, Fort Bidwell was a 4th class post office established near the military outpost in originally Siskiyou County in the far northern corner of Surprise Valley. The P O became located in Modoc County with the creation of that county 1874 February 17. Named for John Bidwell of Chico, Butte County and other northern California historical involvements. The mail came from Reno, Nevada, 200 miles SE. Mail came from Alturas, California, in 1876, which is 47 miles SW.

1868 April 14, Irwin (Irvin?) Ayers (Ayres?), First Postmaster.

1877 September 19, Max Fulcher, Postmaster.

1879 January 21, George W. Pleasants, Postmaster.

1879 April 24, Joseph Hubert, Postmaster.

1879 August 30, State Line Herald (Lakeview, OR) - From Bidwell - Irvin Ayres, Esq. the well known general merchant of Fort Bidwell, California, made our town a flying visit this week. Mr. A. reports business in his section unusually active.~

1879 September 12, George Vollgraff, Postmaster.

1879 October 10, John M. Sanders, Postmaster.

1885 July 9, Samuel B. Mellon, Postmaster.

1885 December 30, Thomas Rinn, Postmaster.

1889 December 12, John M. Sanders, Postmaster.

1893 November 13, William D. Boum, Postmaster.

1894 June 20, Libbie C. Thompson, Postmaster.

1900 January 11, Marguerite J. Decious, Postmaster.

1903 March 24, Albert F. Lewis, Postmaster.

1904 May 2, William D. Broaddus, Postmaster.

1905 May 20, Marguerite J. Decious, Postmaster.

1921 November 16, Marguerite J. Decious, Postmaster.

1943 April 1, John H. Mankin, Postmaster.

1961 May 26, Mrs. Pansy E. Ligon, Postmaster.




See:  Stobie > Hackamore


High Grade

1912 May 21, 4th Class Post Office established as High Grade, Modoc County, California,  located 7 miles east of New Pine Creek, Oregon.

High Grade is a term common to mining indicating a high content of gold.

Ezra A. Fairchild, First Postmaster.

1913 July 31, P O discontinued.

1914 April 23, P O re-established with William R. Trumback as Postmaster.

1916 March 31, P O discontinued and service moved to New Pine Creek, Oregon.



1909 February 4, 4th Class Post Office establsihed as Hoag, Modoc County, California, located 7 miles northwest of Fort Bidwell. Named for Daniel Hoag, an army scout and prospector, killed in skirmish with the Indians in the 1860's.

Patick O'Conner, First  and Only Postmaster.

1911 January 31, Post Office closed and the service moved to Fort Bidwell.


Hot Springs > Clover Swale

1871 December 28, the Hot Springs Post Office was established in what was then Siskiyou County. On February 17, 1874 the Hot Springs Post Office became addressed as Modoc County. It then discontinued on March 30, 1876, when the name changed to Clover Swale. The post office was located 20 miles  north of Adin at the site of several springs containing warm or hot water.

George Townsend was the first postmaster.

1876 March 30, 4th Class Post Office established as Clover Swale, Modoc County, California. The growth of clover in the drainage area around the springs motivated the name. Located 20 miles north of Adin when the post office was discontinued  1878 February 27, the service moved to Adin.

Alfred H. Kennedy was the first postmaster.

1876 April 3, Sacramento Daily Union - Postal Changes on the Pacific Coast, - Washington, April 2d - Name Changed - Hot Springs, Modoc county, California, to Clover Swale, and Alfred H. Kennedy appointed Postmaster.~