ALBRO, George

Shasta County Courthouse Custodian or Jailer for 72 years.


BARTELL Brothers

Robert,"Bob" son of Englehardt, owned and operated blacksmith shops with brother Ernest Sylvanus in Cloverdale and Ono. Married Edith Taylor in 1902 - Susan Brown Notes

1902 June 7, Weekly Shasta Courier, MARRIED at Ono, May 29, 1902, by Rev. W.S. Kidder, Robert Bartell and Miss Edith Taylor.~

Ernest Sylvanus, "Van", son of Englehardt, owned and operated blacksmith shops with brother, Bob in Cloverdale and Ono; also owned and operated the Story & Bartell Hardware Store in Anderson; married Nettie Taylor, sister to Edith in 1903 - Susan Brown Notes


BASLER, Karl (1862-1934)

2008, Valley Post, 4 June 2008 by Jo Giessner - There is a Tehama County road outside of Cottonwood between Hooker Creek Road and Highway 36 named Basler Road for a popular one-time businessman of Cottonwood, Karl Basler.

There was a hotel in Cottonwood, built in 1900, often referred to as the "Basler Hotel" that was actually the "United States Hotel," owned, built and operated, as well as named, by Karl Basler.

Karl Basler, a native of Baden, Germany, came to America in 1883, and home steaded in 1889, thirteen miles west of Cottonwood in what was known as the Farquhar District. His occupation in 1896 was that of a farmer. He was at one time a foreman for one of the lumber mills near Shingletown and apparently very popular with the workers and the employers.

The construction of the hotel/restaurant/bar a two-story structure of 36 x 84 feet in "downtown" Cottonwood, took place in 1900.

In May 1902, the Cottonwood Herald exclaimed:  ". . .it is safe to say that there are few hotels in Northern California that can share with the United States Hotel its reputation for completeness and comfort in its sleeping accommodation as well as for excellence of its table which is supplied at all times with the best market affords. The culinary department being superintended over by Mrs. Basler is a guarantee at all times that the most fastidious of epicures can be gratified."

The hotel was also noted for its elaborate bar and fine covered "bus" for transporting guests.

In September 1902, the United States Hotel building on Lots 5 and 6, along with several other buildings along Front Street, was destroyed in the devastating fire that began in the Lean Livery Stable.

A disappointed Karl and Adele Basler moved to Anderson on their northern trek for employment. In 1910, they were living in Keswick, and in 1920 and 1930 Census Enumerations, they dwelled in Delta, Shasta County, California. The couple did not return to the hotel business.

Karl died in 1934, in Shasta County, at the age of 72 years. Adele having been born in Alsace-Lorraine, France, in 1866, died in 1942 in Siskiyou County, California. There were no children.~


BOSWELL, William Alexander 

Source:  Memorial & Biographical History of Northern California, the Lewis Publishing Company, 1891.

William A. Boswell is one of the industrious, energetic and well-to-do citizens of Shasta. He was born in Illinois, November 3, 1846, and was brought to California when four years of age, in 1850, by his parents Andrew J. and Rebecca (Carlin) Boswell. His father was born in Tennessee, and the family were residents of that state for many years. His mother was a native of Virginia. Mr. and Mrs. Boswell had four sons and three daughters, the subject of this sketch being the oldest child.

He [William A. Boswell] was educated in El Dorado County, near the site of Sutter's mill where he resided until twenty-one years of age. He followed stock raising in both Colusa and Tehama counties, raising many horses and cattle. In 1883 he came to Shasta, and opened a meat market, in which he has been very successful. He has the only business of the kind in town. He runs three teams and supplies people with meat for fifteen and twenty miles out of Shasta.

Mr. Boswell was married in 1883, to Miss Mary E. Divine, a native of Missouri, and daughter of Thomas Divine. When she was two years old her mother died, and she was reared by Mr. Boswell's aunt.

Mr. and Mrs. Boswell have two sons and a daughter, born in Shasta, namely:  William M., Andrew E. and California. Mrs. Boswell is a member of the Christian Church. Mr. Boswell is a Chapter Mason, and is now the Junior Warden of the lodge. His political views are Democratic. He resides with his family in their pleasant home on Main Street in Shasta.



1939 June 27, Riverside Daily Press- Christopher "Bud" Tomar, wanted for questioning in the murder of D. E. S. Branstetter, who was found dead in a cabin near Redding, Shasta County, May 26, was taken into custody at Corona yesterday and placed in the County Jail at 3 pm on suspicion of a felony.

Tomar's arrest was made without knowledge of his relatives in the Circle City, and when he failed to return home they sought the aid of police and requested that he be listed as "missing."

The arrest of Tomar was effected by Deputy Sheriff R.W. Smith on a telephoned request from the Sheriff os Shasta County received by Sheriff Carl F. Rayburn yesterday.

1939 June 29, Riverside Daily Press - TOMAR WILL FACE MURDER CHARGES - Christopher "Bud" Tomar, 43, arrested in Corona, is to be returned to Redding to face charges of murder for the death of D.E.S. "Doc" Branstetter, elderly rancher, Deputy District Attorney Alvin Cibula of Shasta County, said here today.

Cibula declared that he and Deputy Sheriff John King of the northern county, who have questioned Tomar the past two days, would start the trip to Redding with their prisoner "sometime today."

Branstetter, believed killed by blows inflicted by a metal bar, was found dead May 26. Cibula would make no statement as to the results of the questioning of Tomar only to say that "I think we have a good case."

Tomar formerly resided in Corona and had been living in the Redding district recently. He was with relatives when arrested in Riverside County on suspicion of a felony.

This morning Cibula visited the office of Dist. Atty. Earl Redwine to meet the members of the local prosecutors office.

1939 June 30, Riverside Daily Press- MURDER CONFESSION BY TOMAR REVEALED - Riverside County sheriff's officers today revealed that Christopher "Bud" Tomar, 43, arrested in Corona Monday, has confessed to the brutal crow-bar slaying of D. E. S. Branstetter near Redding two months ago.

Tomar made the admission to Riverside and Shasta County authorities early Thursday morning after hours of questioning, it was said. The suspect is now being transported to Redding to face formal charges of murder.

Word that Tomar had actually confessed the slaying was not made known until the defendant had been taken out of the county jail yesterday by Deputy Dist. Atty. Alvin Cibula and Deputy Sheriff John King of the northern county, on their request.

Tomar, who had come to Southern California after the slaying finally broke down and admitted to Deputy Sheriffs R.W. Smith and F.F. Labrum of Riverside and Cibula and King that he had killed Branstetter after an argument over a debt.

"I didn't mean to kill him, but I was so angry that i hit him twice with a crow-bar," Tomar is said to have declared. He asserted that Branstetter was trying to secure a gun when he struck the elderly rancher. The slaying occurred at Branstetter's ranch 30 miles from Redding.


BRANSTETTER, Nettie Ann Beeves (1879-1964)

Nettie Ann Beeves was born 22 October 1879 in Shasta County, California to Nicholas Alexander and Rebecca Ann Childress Beeves.

The Beeves family lived in the Igo vicinity until upon the death of Nicholas, Rebecca moved with her children to west Redding where she operated a boarding house.

Nettie worked with her mother and a fellow by the name of Theodore Carroll, a boarder, became infatuated with her.

As per the Mountain Democrat:  " Shasta County - Theodore Carroll shot himself in the head during the few minutes his sweetheart absented herself from the room. Death is certain. Carroll, who is but 18 years of age, was infatuated with Miss Nettie Beeves, a daughter of the landlady of his boarding place at West Redding. He is fatally wounded. It is thought he had a more favored rival."

In 1904, Nettie, 25,  married Claude Branstetter. The couple lived in Dunsmuir, Siskiyou County, and reared a family of four boys.

Nettie died in Dunsmuir on 17 Jun 1964 at the age of 84 years. Claude had died in 1938.


Clinton Lodge Free & Accepted Masons #119

1857 January 27 - Clinton Lodge Free & Accepted Masons number 119, instituted in Horsetown.

The first officers of the Lodge were:  Thomas Hart, W.M.; Henry Collins, S.W.; H.H. Lull, J.W.; Peter Cohen, Treas.; John H. Hough, Sec. - Directory of Shasta County, 1881

1877 December 28 - Clinton Lodge #119 moved to Piety Hill from Horsetown.

1882 - see item below states Clinton Lodge No. 119 in IGO.

1885 June 30 - Clinton Lodge #119 moved from Piety Hill to Igo.

1936 October 15 - Clinton Lodge #119 consolidated back into Western Star Lodge #2, Shasta.~

1882 -Members of Clinton Lodge No. 119 of the Grand Lodge of California Free and Accepted Masons -

IGO, Shasta, California -

Officers:  George Washington Sleeper, Master; Charles Nelson Kingsbury, Secretary; Thomas Burton Smith, Marshal; Alexander Leiter, Senior Warden; Nicholas Alexander Beeves, Junior Warden; Elijah Mason Dixon, Senior Deacon; William Goodall, Junior Deacon; Samuel Caroll Gibson & Alonzo Hawley Rector, Stewards; George Kittridge Willard, Treasurer; William Forschler, Tyler.

Past Masters:  Elijah Mason Dixon, Charles Nelson Kingsbury, Thaddeous Alonzo Jones & Thomas Burton Smith.

Master Masons:  Samuel Pannill Alexander, Robert Berg, Charles Boyd, Rasmus Mansfield Cunningham, Stephen Davis Dammon, George Curtis Downer, Millard Fillmore Eldridge, Olonzo Engle, George Willis Raymond, Carl George Voss and David Weil.


Colonel Webb & the Duncan Brothers

Pasted in a scrapbook and photocopied this 1 November 1888 article is very long and in tiny print, but too good to miss. I am not sure which paper published it, but I will transcribe it as best I can. Special Thanks to Marilyn Rountree for finding this "gem" of a human interest story for our SWSCHG archives.

SHASTA OUTLAWS - How Three Cherokee Brothers Once Ruled the County - They at last Met with a Man who would Shoot, and Two of Them Met the Fate of Most Desperate Ruffians

Among the well-known men of the city and State is Colonel A. H. Webb, secretary of the State Board of Horticulture, but probably only a small proportion of his numerous friends and acquaintances are aware that he has led a most adventurous life, as was indeed but natural, when it is considered that his childhood was spent in then frontier Arkansas, while his early manhood saw him push yet farther west with the first flood of the gold-seekers of '49.

In the year 1852, Mr. Webb was living in Horsetown, Shasta County, where he kept a store for the supplying of the miners of the vicinity and the few hundred inhabitants of the town. The times and the people were rough and uncivilized, and it required considerable skill for a man to keep out of quarrels, particularly when engaged in a business which occasionally led to difference of opinion upon that most sensitive of all subjects, money. Nevertheless, by strict attention to his business, and a systematic course of fair dealing, Mr. Webb had continued to live in peace and enjoyment of considerable popularity for a number of months, when an untoward, though almost accidental, circumstance occurred, which though not particularly serious to itself, afterward led to graver results.

For a year or two before and after the date mentioned, the people, not only of Shasta, but also of some adjoining counties, were greatly annoyed by the conduct of three brothers of the name of Duncan, who, though to all outward appearance of the Caucasian race, were nevertheless members of a well-known Cherokee family, which had always taken a prominent part in the affairs of the Cherokee Nation. The brothers mentioned were of three-quarters white blood, but retained all the original wildness of their aboriginal ancestry and had made themselves, by their lawless and reckless freaks and depredations, the terror of the law-abiding  members of the community. All three were splendid specimens of manhood, over six feet in height, and broad-shouldered in proportion with jet-black eyes and hair. They were magnificent horsemen and delighted in in giving evidence of this fact upon all possible occasions.


One morning, hearing an uproar in the street, Mr. Webb went out of his store to ascertain the cause, and discovered the two younger Duncan brothers mounted upon half-broken mustangs and siding the animals in and out of all the houses in the village in rotation. This action was in consequence of a wager entered into by the brothers, which they seemed in a fair way to win, as no one apparently cared to interfere with them.When they finally drew up in front of Mr. Webb's store, there was an enforced pause, for the owner quietly informed them that his place must be an exception, as he could not allow of his goods being damaged or disturbed in any such manner. He was without a weapon, and the Duncans were armed to the teeth; nevertheless, his words had effect, for, with a good natured laugh, they spurred on to the next building meeting with no opposition there or anywhere else until they completed the tour of the village. That they consented to make the exception in Mr. Webb's case was probably more owing to the fact that they had always expressed and probably felt considerable friendship for him, rather than any fear of a collision, since, desperadoes as they were no one ever called their courage in question.

But the matter was not allowed to rest here, for, upon the next day, having been taunted by a boon companion with their failure to fully complete the stipulation of the bet, two men determined to do so, come what would. Mr. Webb had given no more thought to the matter, and was upon the second day, busied about the store, when with a clatter and crash, the younger of the two Duncans forced his foaming and struggling mustang directly into the store. Mr. Webb turned toward the intruder in astonishment and anger, and Duncan, noticing his indignation and immediately giving rein to his natural insolence, exclaimed with an oath "- - - , perhaps you don't like my riding in here?"

Irritated beyond endurance, Mr. Webb stepped rapidly behind his desk, and snatching a loaded revolver from a drawer, covered the desperado in an instant, while he answered with stern emphasis: "No, I don't like it, and you have just  twenty seconds to ride out of here before you get this bullet in your brain. Go!"

Duncan saw the other's deadly purpose, and, wheeling his horse, dashed out of the store in an instant.

The news that Mr. Webb had driven one of the Duncans out of his store at the muzzle of a pistol soon spread about, and while it increased his popularity with the majority of the inhabitants of the neighborhood, it changed the feeling of careless friendliness with which the desperado brothers had hitherto regarded him to one of bitter hatred, which everyone predicted would speedily culminate in a tragedy.


For some time it seemed as if this was to prove an incorrect prophecy, as weeks and even months passed by unmarked by any overt act on the part of the Duncans directed against the man who had been the first to successfully defy them. They even made a rather poor pretense of still being well-inclined, toward him, though it was thought by many that an incident which occurred shortly after the first difficulty furnished the key to this line of conduct. Mr. Webb and a friend happened one day to stroll by a group of men in which were the Duncan bothers, all being engaged in shooting at a mark. The eldest of the three young Duncans addressed Mr. Webb in what he evidently tried to make appear a free and friendly tone:  "Hulloa, Webb, can you about any?" "Yes, a little," was the reply. "Well, there's the mark we've been shooting at. Take this gun and let's see what you can do."

Mr. Webb took the rifle offered him, raised it and fired, performing the "white", but a shade from the very centre. As he handed the weapon back, Duncan remarked grimly:  "H'm, I should say you could shoot."

From this time on until the end of the year and far into the next, none of the brothers offered to molest him in any way; but he could not lose the impression that they were but biding their time.

In 1853, Mr. Webb removed to Bald Hill, also in Shasta County, where he carried on the same business, having a store located on the main thoroughfare of the town. The Duncans were as frequently seen here as at Horsetown, as they had no settled place of abode, but roamed about at will, wherever the prospect of amusement or excitement might draw them. Upon the occasion of a local election at Bald Hill all three were in the town, drinking and carousing, and making themselves as usual by far the most conspicuous figures in the large assemblage which the occasion had called together.

The polls were established in a building just across the street from Mr. Webb's and as he had been appointed judge of the election, he was compelled to leave the store in charge of a partner with whom he had associated himself. During a lull in the voting, Young Duncan, the eldest brother, entered the room, but as it was many months since there had been a quarrel between them, Mr. Webb paid little or no special attention to his presence until he suddenly felt himself seized from behind.


Long hair at that date, and particularly in the mountains, was almost universally worn, and the miscreant had secured such a firm hold that Mr. Webb found it impossible to free himself. ___ little time was given him in which to make it attempt for Duncan immediately drew, with his free hand, and enormous bowie knife from his belt, with which he made a murderous lunge at Webb's breast. Nothing could have saved his life, had not a young man named Kid, who stood nearby, seized the would be murderer's arm and arrested the blow at the very instant when the point of the weapon was against Webb's breast. Foiled in his immediate purpose, but still retaining his hold both upon the knife and  his intended victim, Duncan turned to the latter, saying tauntingly, while he savagely struggled to free his right arm for a second blow: "Why don't you beg for your life?"

"No, I will not." was the answer; "the sooner you let me go the better it will be for yourself."

"Let you go!" shrieked the desperado, as he struggled in vain to free his right arm from Kid's grasp, all the old savage instincts of his Indian blood roused to the fullest intensity; "let you go! I'll kill you first!"

But the crowd had gathered about now closed in upon them and the struggling men were torn apart and for the moment lost sight of each other. Webb remained in the room, his enemy being forced out into the street, and being unarmed looked around for a weapon. Several rifles were lying about, but as he picked up one after another, their owners told him they were not loaded. It struck him finally that the statements were not true, being made through the fear which most of the population had of Duncan and his gang, and an examination of one of the rifles confirmed his suspicions. At this moment someone called out:  "Duncan is in your store. He has attacked your partner!"

Webb sprang across the street, and upon entering the store, did indeed discover his partner in the hands of Duncan, who had him by the throat as if about to strangle him. He raised his rifle, but Duncan releasing his victim, sprang back through the store and out of the rear window. There he turned and sheltering himself partially behind the window casing drew his revolver from his hip pocket. As he did so, Webb fired, the ball shattering the desperado's hand as it rested on his hip and going on into his body. He did not fall but, resolute as he was blood-thirsty, raised his pistol with his left hand and fired, but missed. Mr. Webb, not knowing how badly he was hurt, and his own weapon being empty, rushed back to the polling place to secure another. As he emerged into the street, again, however, Duncan came out of the store, and staggering a few paces fell on his face. But he was not yet dead, and while some gathered about him others rushed to Webb and urged him with all manner of fierce argument to finish his work and rid the community of the desperado.


"Kill Him, Webb, kill him!" savagely exclaimed a stalwart miner, named Ridge, whose aquiline features, raven hair, and burning, jet-black eyes ever _______ complexion proved him to be of Indian blood; "kill the hound!" "Here am I and my brother. We'll stand by you to the last drop of our blood against every Duncan in the mountains. Their people were with Ross, the chief, when he killed my father and grandfather in the Cherokee Nation. For God's sake, give me a chance to revenge that deed!"

This man, ordinarily speaking was, in thought, conduct, and appearance, a gentleman thoroughly civilized and not without polish. He had been educated at an eastern college as had also his brothers, the youngest of whom, the sole survivor of the family, is now a practising attorney at Grass valley, in this State. But, an occasion like this was all that was necessary to bring to the surface all the old instincts of the savage tribesman, his undying hatred and burning thirst for revenge.

But Mr. Webb would not allow himself to be urged into attacking an already helpless foe, and the almost inanimate body of Duncan was finally borne off by his brothers and some few intimate associates of the same stripe, amid the sullen murmurs of Mr. Webb's friends, who were not slow to warn him that he had done the worst possible thing for himself in suffering the affair to terminate in this manner, as by precipitating a conflict with Duncan's brothers and their comparatively few supporters, the whole gang would, in the prevailing temper of the people, have been easily wiped out of existence. It was predicted that matters were only deferred, and that the Duncans would claim a bloody reckoning some day.

That his friends were not without reason in thus speaking soon seemed to be proven, as Mr. Webb was very shortly thereafter informed upon trustworthy authority of threats which it was said were to be put into execution as soon as Young Duncan should have sufficiently recovered to be moved. Mr. Webb soon determined that, whatever might be the outcome of the affair, he would at least not longer be annoyed by the threats which were being made against him, and one day, seeing a friend of the Duncans passing, he accosted him. The fellow paused, hesitatingly, apparently not sure of the intentions of Mr. Webb, but the latter reassured him.


" I have nothing to say to you, personally, sir," he said; "but you will take this message to Young Duncan and his brothers. Tell them that if I hear of another word of threat being uttered against me, I'll shoot Young Duncan in his bed. Will you carry that message?"

The man promised compliance and doubtless did his bidding faithfully, for from that day on there were no further threats.

The law or rather its administration was carried on in rather a peculiar manner that date in Shasta County, as was evidenced this instance. Shortly after the shooting, Mr. Webb had occasion to visit the county seat where he was waited upon by the officials and a large delegation of prominent citizens who desired to know his intentions and wishes in the matter--whether he desired to stand trial or not. Mr. Webb replied that he did not care, particularly, except that going through a trial might interfere with his business somewhat. Thereupon, the entire delegation decreed that he should not be tried and in lieu thereof insisted upon his remaining until evening and attending a grand banquet at which he was the hero of the hour.

There was yet another sequel to the episode. In the following year, 1854, Mr. Webb paid a visit to the East, passing through the Cherokee Nation on his way. Much of his journeying through this section of the country was done on horseback and alone, and he was therefore necessarily compelled to in many instances depend upon the hospitality of the natives for shelter over night. Upon one occasion, evening overtook him in the neighborhood of a well-kept plantation upon which was a large and comfortable dwelling, at which he applied for hospitality. The proprietor, who was a middle-aged Cherokee of mixed blood, though to all appearance a polished southern gentleman, welcomed him with cordial friendliness. and entertained him in a most hospitable fashion. After partaking of a beautiful supper, the planter led his guest out upon the piazza, where they smoked and chatted for some time, both being to all appearance, well pleased with each other's company. Finally the planter said, apropos of some California experience which his guest had been relating:  "By the way, Mr. Webb, were you ever in a county in California which I think they call Shasta?"

"Certainly," answered his visitor. "I have lived there for several years past, and am very well acquinted there."

"Indeed. Then you must know my nephews, Young Duncan and his brothers?"

This was a startling speech considering all the circumstances, but Mr. Webb contrived not to manifest any outward sign of surprise and calmly replied:  "Oh yes, I know them all quite well. Are they your nephews, indeed?"


"Yes, my sister's children. But tell me, since you know them so well, is it true that Young was shot last year in a quarrel with some cut-throat desperado or other?"

Mr. Webb gulped down a strange mixture of feelings and answered calmly.

"It is true that he was shot, though whether the man who did it can be justly termed a cut-throat or desperado, I must say is by no means certain."

"Oh well," said the Cherokee, "it is quite possible I may have heard it incorrectly. It was only a very indefinite account that reached me. Please tell me all the particulars."

Thereupon the guest related- who, indeed, was better qualified?- the circumstances of the shooting to all of which his auditor listened with keen interest, apparently not noticing that the name of the "storekeeper" was not mentioned.

"What became of the fellow," he finally asked, "Is he still there?"

"I believe not," answered Mr. Webb. "In fact, I know that he went away some months since, and I have reason to think, left the state."

"Well, it doesn't matter," answered the Cherokee. "I dare say it was Young's fault, as you have suggested. He was always a wild youth, and when he drinks there is no holding him to."

The next morning, after a hearty breakfast, host and guest parted in the friendliest possible manner, and the latter proceeded on his way.

Some one who had heard related the main facts here given, not long since questioned Colonel Webb concerning the circumstances, finally propounding the query:

"Colonel, suppose the planter had asked you the name of the man who shot his nephew, what would you have told him?"

"I would have told him his name was Webb" answered the Colonel, promptly, "but," he added with a humorous twinkle in his eye, "I don't think that I should have taken any particular pains to impress him with the fact that I was that particular Webb."

"Suppose he he had discovered the truth, what would he have done?"

"I can't say with any certainty, of course, but I think he would have entertained me just as inhospitably, and the next morning he would have mounted his horse and ridden out on the prairie with me till we were out of sight of the house. Then he would have drawn his pistol and told me to defend myself. There would have been a report. He would have been left lying on the plain, while I rode back to California, or perhaps my bones might have been left to be pieced by the wolves, while my friends upon this coast would have known nothing further than that I had gone and never returned."

"What became of Young Duncan?"

"Oh, he flourished for several years afterward, but finally had a quarrel with some one else, and met a bullet between the eyes."



ELMORE, William Willis (1845-1931)

From information in the Pioneer File at Behrens-Eaton Museum:

William Willis Elmore born Missouri 1845. Father came to California 1854, with family across the plains. 300 cattle brought. Located at Igo. One year later moved to Townsends Flat where he engaged in mining and stockraising. In 1857 he planted the first orchard in Shasta County and through life continued stock raising and farming. Son went to school in Texas Springs and later to the Pacific Methodist College at Vacaville. Upon the completion of his course taught school two years at Texas Springs in the same school his mother had taught years before claiming the distinction of being the first teacher in Shasta County. One dwelling house in Anderson in May 1875. The Elmore house was the second. - Copied on 4-13-2011 by Jo Giessner


FOX, Cardwell & MAUPIN, Cynthia

Cynthia Maupin Fox registered earmarks only on 25 March 1911. She gave as her address, Gas Point.

Born 27 April 1889,  the daughter of Thomas Henderson Maupin and Susan Ellen Hoover Maupin, Cynthia came into this world at Igo, Shasta, California. The Maupin family identifies with Piety Hill (Igo) and then the Bald Hills. Thomas Maupin was born in Kentucky and came to California via Missouri in 1852.

Cynthia married in Shasta County on 21 November 1906,  to Cardwell Fox.

Cardwell Fox was born 19 June 1879, in Madison County, Kentucky, the son of Samuel B. Fox and Lena Cardwell Fox. The Fox families were of Kentucky farming operations and slaveholders.

By 1900, Lena was a widow and had moved to Winchester, Clark Co., Kentucky, with her three children, Cardwell, Cyrus and Joanna. In the same year, or 1901, the family came to Red Bluff, Tehama Co., California.

Cardwell Fox worked as a carpenter. The couple lived  first in Igo, and then in the Gas Point area of Cottonwood throughout their lives and had three children:  Cardwell E. Fox (1907 -1967), Marjorie V. Fox (abt 1911 - ?) and Norman Clay Fox (1912 - 1978.)

Cynthia died 1 July 1951. Cardwell died while with his son, Norman, in San Mateo on 23 August 1958.

Cardwell's mother Lena, died in Red Bluff on 21 March 1951 and his brother, Cyrus Turner Fox died there in 1955.~


Igo, Rebekah Degree Lodge 

Rebekah Lodges are the female auxiliary of the independent Order of Odd Fellows, the name taken from the Biblical character of Rebekah.

1851 September 20- Rebekah Lodges founded

1868 September 25, Odd Fellows voted to establish Degree Lodges of the Daughters of Rebekah.

1874 - name change to Degree of Rebekah, or Rebekah Degree

1878 April 26- Rebekah Degree Lodge numbered 43 instituted at Igo.

1881, Directory of Shasta County, pg 104:

Igo Rebekah Degree Lodge, No. 43

This Degree Lodge was instituted at Igo, April 26, 1878, by T. B. Smith, D.D.G.M., assisted by S. Isaacks, P.G.; N.A. Beeves, P.G., A.W. Baker, P.G. and George W. McFarlin, P.G.

Charter members were:  Mrs. Martha Ann Smith, Mrs. W. Brummett, Nathan A. Beeves, Mrs. N.A. Beeves, Almareane W. Baker, Mrs. Sydnie Baker, George Washington McFarlin, H. Hillsman [Herman Huelsman], John J. Wheelock, Mrs. H. Wheelock, W.W. Elmore, Mrs. D. Elmore, Warren Dunham, Mrs. E. Dunham, J. M. Gleaves, Mrs. J.M. Gleaves, Theodore C. Voss, Mrs. W. Voss, Frederick Weidenbach, William Miller McFarlin, B.K. Hemminger, Mrs. B.K. Hemminger, M.N. Dickerson, Mrs. M.R. Dickerson.

Officers at institution of Lodge:  N. A. Beeves, N. G.; Mrs. M.A. Smith, V.G.;A. W. Baker, R.S.; Mrs. W. Voss, T.; Mrs. S. Baker, W.; Mrs. W. Brummett, C.; Mrs. B. K. Hemminger, I.S.G.; Mrs. H. Wheelock, O.S.G.; Mrs. N.A. Beeves, R.S. to N.G.; Mrs. M.N. Dicjkerson, L.S. to N.G.; T.B. S,ith, R.S. to V.G.; J.J. Wheelock, L.S. to V.G.


Igo, Welcome Lodge, No. 209

Ron Jolliff, on behalf of the SWSCHG, recently obtained an original letter-head and the following message for IOOF Welcome Lodge, No. 209, Igo, Shasta County, Cal. dated 9 January 1915.

Sec. Jackson, Lodge #36, IOOF

Dear Sir & Bros

      Bro __ M. Parson was reported off the sick list this evening and this lodge has paid him for three weeks sick benefits ($18.00) eighteen dollars as instructed by your lodge.

                 Yours F. L. & T.

                  C. H. Stevens, Sec ___


Copyright 2010 SWSCHG


Kidder, William Samuel

1860 September 15, Sacramento Daily Union - Religious Intelligence - Ordination of Ministers - On Sunday night last, at the Baptist Church in this city, the Rev. Messrs. Kidder and Spencer, of Shasta County, were publicly ordained to the full work of the gospel ministry. Rev. Mr. Rhees, of Marysville, preached the ordination sermon; Rev. Mr. Barnes of Coloma, offered the prayer; Rev. Mr. Shuck, of Sacramento, delivered the charge; and Rev. Mr. Hackley, of Shasta, gave the hand of ministerial fellowship. Rev. Mr. Kidder read the closing hymn, and Rev. Mr. Spencer pronounced the benediction, when the large and interested audience separated.~

1867 December 11, Sacramento Daily News - MARRIED at Eagle Creek, Shasta County, December 5th by Rev. Isaac N. Newkirk, Rev. Wm. S. Kidder to Mary E. McFarlin; also, by Rev. Wm. S. Kidder, Thomas B. Smith to Martha A. McFarlin.~

1877 February 1, Weekly Rescue (Sacramento, California) - Shasta County - Bald Hills Lodge, No. 170, recently gave an "oyster supper," the net proceeds of which, $40. was applied in liquidation of hall debt. Brother William S. Kidder, the Lodge Deputy, says the hall debt will soon be wiped out, when something substantial will be done for the Orphans' Home Fund. The "dime collection" was not taken, but a temperance meeting will be held on the 11th inst., when the collection will be for the benefit of the "N.T.S. dime collection."~

1879 July 21, San Francisco Bulletin - "In the afternoon the following nominations were made: . . .Assessor, W.S. Kidder, Rep. . . "~

1879 December 1, San Francisco Bulletin - Pacific Coast Religious News - Rev. W. S. Kidder, Baptist Minister at Igo, Shasta County, is also one of the Assessors of that county.~

1911 March 18, San Francisco Call, Redding, Mar 17 - MARRYING PARSON DIES AT HIS HOME IN ONO - REV. W.S. KIDDER READ WEDDING SERVICES 50 YEARS - Rev. W.S. Kidder, pioneer and old soldier, died last night at his home near Ono, where he had lived for 50 years. He was known as the "marrying parson" as he had officiated at almost every wedding in the western part of Shasta county for the last half century. He was 77 years old.~


Miller, Cincinnatus Heine "Joaquin"

1856-"Cincinnatus Heine Miller, later known to the literary world as Joaquin (Wawkeen) Miller, arrived at Deadwood, Siskiyou County, in 1856, when but fourteen years of age. Young Miller worked as a cook's helper at Deadwood, and there wrote his first poem honoring the marriage of Deadwood's cook to a Yreka woman. Joaquin recited his poem at a reception given the happy couple upon their return to Deadwood.

Mountains and mining camps of Siskiyou were an inspiration to Joaquin. This early experience and observation was basic for much he wrote in later years. Dr. Daniel Ream and Miller were good friends for a lifetime, beginning, perhaps, when the doctor treated the young poet for scurvy." - Saddle Bags in Siskiyou by J. Roy Jones, Yreka, 1953.~

1874 January 18, Cincinnati Daily Enquirer (Cincinnati, Ohio) - The house in which the great Joaquin Miller used to live at Shasta, California, is to be sold at auction. If we could buy this pilgrim shrine, this Delphian vale, this Mecca of the mind, we would have about all in this world that we particularly care to own.~

1879 May 24, Wheeling Register (Wheeling, West Virginia) - Out among the Sierras they treat the poets as through they were not divine. The Elko [Nevada] Post,speaking of Joaquin Miller says:  "The sweet singer was a passenger for the West on Wednesday. There was as much curiosity to see him as when, upon a memorable occasion long years ago, the authorities of Shasta county sought to interview him for an alleged infraction of the laws of the Commonwealth. But on this occasion,as upon that, he eluded discovery, and the train bore him - hair, boots and red necktie- onward toward the scenes of his former trials and triumphs. We presume the charge against him of horse-stealing has been squashed."~

1899 August 30, Searchlight - Despite the fact that a complication of dates will prevent Joaquin Miller from appearing on the lecture platform in this city at the time of the Teachers' Institute, the residents of Redding and vicinity will not be altogether debarred from hearing him, as the Poet of the Sierras has announced his desire to visit this city, near the scene of his former haunts and arrangements will be made to have him deliver a lecture here in the near future for either the benefit of the free reading room or the Redding school library fund.~

1899 December 9, Searchlight - Joaquin Miller was the guest Friday of J. F. Lange in a visit to the scenes of his early life at Shasta.~


Northern California Notables

Per Don M. Chase, 1945 - Pioneers Sketches of Pioneer Days in Shasta, Tehama, Trinity and Siskiyou Counties with Emphasis on the Beginnings of Religious Organizations

John W. Studebaker, from Red Bluff, Tehama County, United States Commissioner of Education

Clair Engle, from Cone Community, Tehama County, Congressman

Will Morrish, from Bully Hill, Shasta County, prominent in Bay Area banking circles and leading Methodist layman

Earl Lee Kelly, from Redding, Shasta County, San Francisco Bank Executive and one time State Public Works Director

Judge Rankin, from Shasta County, Judge in Willows, Glenn County Court

Rev. W. P. Rankin, from Shasta County, brother to Judge Rankin

Royal T. Sprague, from Shasta County, Chief Justice of California Supreme Court

James R. Kean, from Shasta County, national financial figure

Daniel Callaghan, from Shasta County, well-known San Francisco financial man

Alpheus Bull, Tehama and Shasta Counties, well-known San Francisco financial man



Ono Voters, 1900

The Voters Register is a good place to find full or legal names, ages, and addresses, and possible relationships.

ONO PRECINCT 1900 - taken from the Shasta County Voters Register book publication. [Alphabetical order corrected.]

Adkins, Harry Olonzo, 21, Ono; Adkins, John Thomas, 55, Ono; Alberg, Bernard, 24, Ono; Alberg, Charles, 26, Ono; Arkarro, Henry, 36, Ono; Baker, Almareane W., 57, Ono; Baker, Arthur A., 32, Ono; Baker, Sidney Clay, 24, Ono; Barnett, John Thomas, 41, Ono; Beall, William Ryland, 36, Ono; Beebe, Millard Fillmore, 23, Ono; Bosen, Christian C., 63, Ono; Brass, Ferdinand P., 26, Ono; Brown, James Moore, 62, Ono

Caswell, Henry, 62, Ono; Comstock, James W., 43, Ono; Couey, George, 62, Ono; Couey, George Marion, 35, Ono; Couey, Lewis Elmer, 30, Ono; Cushman, Frank Emory, 24, Ono; Cushman, James E., 58, Ono

Daniels, Jobe, 34, Ono; Davis, James Alexander, 55, Gas Point; Dexter, John Wesley, 70, Ono; Dickerson, Horace F., 62, Ono; Dickerson, James Harvey, 66, Ono; Doll, Valentine, 63, Ono; Driscoll, William, 22, Ono

Eairrout, George, 61, Ono; Erickson, Andres, 63, Ono; Erickson, Paul M., 26, Ono; Evans, Evan Rees, 59, Ono

Freitas, Joseph, 66, Ono; Felker, George Washington, 87, Ono

Gill, Edward Sinclair, 30, Ono; Gill, James William, 68, Ono; Gill, Marshal Booker, 26, Ono

Huelsman, Herman, 45, Ono

Jones, Edward Ricketts, 66, Igo; Jones, Robert, 22, Ono; Jones, Thaddeus A., 67, Ono; Jones, Jr., Thaddeus A., 29, Ono; Jordan, Irby Holt, 60, Ono; Joseph, Frank, 55, Ono

Kester, Herbert Harlow, 37, Ono; Kidder, Charles William, 26, Ono; Kidder, William S., 65, Ono

Labude, August, 67, Ono; Lemon, Loveden Leonard, 56, Ono; Lockhart, James Thomas, 66, Ono; Loeffler, Gottlieb, 52, Ono; Long, Andrew Wallace, 21, Ono; Long, Frederick Lee, 23, Ono; Loomis, Arthur W., 33, Ono; Loomis, Charles Plato, 35, Ono; Losekann, Christian, 49, Ono

McCormick, William, 63, Ono; McFarlin, Andrew J., 39, Ono; McGrew, John, 56, Ono; Mavity, William Carr, 77, Ono; Miller, Andrew, 34, Ono; Miller, Stephen Riley, 69, Ono; Moon, Archibald, 72, Ono; Moon, James Luman, 36, Ono; Moore, Marlon Martin, 41, Ono; Morton, John James, 65, Ono; Murphy, Charles C., 31, Ono; Murphy, William V., 70, Ono

Pemnatal, Joe, 57, Ono; Peterson, Marten Julius, 40, Ono; Peterson, Rasmus, 62, Ono; Philpot, Alexander C., 68, Ono; Pitts, Eugene Hiram, 29, Ono

Quirk, Edmund S., 30, Ono; Quirk, Harry Chester, 38, Ono

Rabbit, Manuel, 64, Ono; Rector, Alonzo Hawley, 65, Ono; Rior [Rios], Thomas, 72, Ono; Robinson, Fred B., 43, Ono

Shoup, John Franklin, 32, Ono; Smith, Calvin Jefferson, 40, Ono; Smith, John Ogborne, 53, Ono; Smith, Nicholas Taylor, 49, Ono; Smith, Thomas Osborne, 44, Ono; Smith, William Burger, 41, Ono; Stewart, Willard Read, 42, Igo; Story, John Chamberlain, 58, Ono; Stuck, Creed Hamond, 27, Ono; Stuck, Mathias, 38, Ono

Taylor, William A., 35, Igo; Thurman, Harvey E., 39, Ono; Tortell, Vincent, 28, Ono

Voss, Carl George, 51, Ono; Voss, Theodore Carl, 53, Ono

Wagner, Eli Hu, 69, Ono; Weaver, George Lincoln, 36, Ono; Webb, George W., 28, Ono; Weiss, Otto E., 24, Ono; Wheelock, Frederick J., 24, Ono; Wheelock, John Jones, 65, Ono; Williams, Joseph, 51, Ono;Wodey, Jean, 39, Ono.~ 






Per: 1866 - 1884 Voters Register for Shasta County

Allen, William Lawton; Missouri, Teamster

Allinson, Mark; England, Miner

Apperson, John Thompson; Virginia, Miner

Baker, Prince Thompson; Maine, Miner

Bock, Frederick; Germany, Laborer

Butts, Albert; New York, Farmer

Campbell, Sylvester; Indiana, Lumberman

Casto, Vanson Dodge; Illinois, Miner

Conger, Williston Kingsbury; Pennsylvania, Miner

Cundy [Candy], Thomas William; England, Blacksmith

Cushman, James Emory; Maine, Laborer

Elsworth, Charles Forest; Maine; Millman

Everest, George; England, Miner

Forschler, Adam; Germany, Miner

Forschler, William; Germany, Miner

French, Frank; Michigan, Farmer

Gardener, Frederick; Pennsylvania, Butcher

Herges, John; Germany, Saloon Keeper

Hergus, John; Prussia; Merchant

Hoar, John Quincy; Ohio, Carpenter

Hooker, Jerry Madison; New York, Miner

Hottman, Thomas; Germany, Miner

Kidder, William Samuel; England, Postmaster & Baptist Preacher

Kingsbury, Charles Nelson; United States, Carpenter

Kingsbury, John Parker, California, Miner

Knox, Samuel; Ohio, Miner

Larkin, John; Ohio, Stock Driver

Lathrop, Benjamin Gordon; United States, Real Estate

Lindsey, Samuel; Kentucky, Miner

Linn, Edward; Russia, Surveyor

Loeffler, Jacob; Germany, Miner

Ludwig, Henry; Germany, Farmer

Lutz, John B.; Germany, Miner

McFarlin, George Washington; Wisconsin, Miner

McNutty, James; Illinois, Farmer

McPherson, George Farley; Virginia, Miner

Mertz, Louis; Bavaria, Blacksmith

Mertz, Valentine; Germany, Saloon Keeper

Michler, Martin; Germany, Farmer

Morsehead, William; England, Miner

Parker, John; Scotland, Tailor

Pettee, James Algernon; Maine, Miner

Petty, John Austin; Tennessee, Blacksmith

Philbrick, John Clark; United States, Miner

Potter, Francis Thompson; , Broker

Prince, James; England, Miner

Roberts, William; England, Miner

Roth, Theodore; Bavaria, Miner

Rothwell, Henry; United States, Miner

Ruster, William; Hanover, Miner

Shepard, Benjamin Allen; Missouri, Miner

Smith, Thomas Burton; Missouri, Miner

Spencer, Fleming; Virginia, Farmer

Stiller, Augustus Richard; Prussia, Farmer

Sullivan, John Daniel; Ireland, Miner

Vaubel [Vanbel], Christian; Ohio, Miner

White, Thomas; England, Miner

Whitebread, Adolph; Switzerland, Tinner

Whitebread, Peter John; Pennsylvania, Miner

Whitebread, W. C.; Pennsylvania, Miner

Whitmore, Philander; Illinois, Miner

Wiedenbach, Frederick; Germany, Miner

Wiesbrod, Edward; Pennsylvania, Laborer

Williams, Christopher; England, Miner

Worley, William Dennis; United States, Miner

Wright, John Pettis; Missouri, Laborer







Piety Hill & Texas Springs - Church Focus

An unusual entry in the Book of Records in Shasta County Courthouse is one drawn 7 August 1862 by the Rev. Noah Burton for the Methodist Church. It reads,  "Know all men of these present that I, Noah Burton, by virtue of my office as preacher in charge at Piety Hill and Clover Creek circuit . . . do hereby appoint John B. Webb, John Blunkall, J.H. Baker and Wimmiam Kinney, as board of trustees of certain property situated at Piety Hill, Shasta County, and known as the parsonage, together with the stable and carriage house, also a small cabin on the south side of the above named buildings; also whatsoever appertaineth to said buildings - the same to be held in trust by them for use and benefit of the Methodist Episcopal Church . . .They shall at all times permit such ministers belonging to the said Church as from time to time be sent to occupy the same."

"As the years drew on, Piety Hill changed its name to Igo, the population decreased, and the church ceased to be. The same change overtook Texas Springs except that the town had disappeared entirely, and is not so much as mentioned in the Directory of 1881. Mrs. M.E. Simmons was a member of the Methodist Church there, and in her home, one mile south of the town, prayer meetings were sometimes held. This home was once the home of Joaquin Miller. Other active members in the early days included Mr and Mrs Willis Elmore, George Couey and family, Marion Webb, the John Prices, the McCullins, the McLaughlins, and the McFarlins. George Reese, father of Winona Simmons, was an active member also." - Chase, Don M. Pioneers, Sketches of Pioneer Days in Shasta, Tehama, Trinity and Siskiyou Counties with Emphasis on the Beginnings of Religious Organizations. Printed by Author in Redding, California, 1945. Located in  the Boggs Collection of the Shasta County Library, Redding, California.


Piety Hill, 1877

Per the Great Register of the County of Shasta for the Year 1877, the Piety Hill list of residents:

Allinson, Mark; England, Miner  (Dubuque, Iowa)

Baker, Prince Thompson, Maine, Miner, Piety Hill

Bock, Frederick; Germany, Miner (New York City, New York)

Casto, Jonathan Skiver; United States, Cooper

Casto, Vanson Dodge; Illinois, Miner

Cushman, James Emory; Maine, Laborer

Candy [Cundy], Thomas William; England, Blacksmith (Kewrenow Co., Michigan)

Everest, George; England, Miner (Through Father in Ohio)

Forschler, William; Germany, Miner (Shasta County)

French, Frank; Michigan, Farmer

Gardner, Frederick; Pennsylvania, Butcher

Hooker, Jerry Madison; New York, Miner

Hottman, Thomas; Germany, Miner (Shasta County, CA)

Kingsbury, Charles Nelson; United States, Carpenter

Kidder, William Samuel; England, Postmaster &  Baptist Preacher

Lindsey, Samuel; Kentucky, Miner

Lutz, John B.; Germany, Miner (Sacramento Co., California)

Larkin, John; Germany, Miner

Linn, Edward; Russia, Surveyor

Mertz, Louis; Bavaria, Blacksmith (Shasta Co.)

Mertz, Valentine' Germany, Saloon Keeper

Offord, Henry William; England, Miner

Philbrick, John Clark; United States, Miner

Petty, John Austin; Tennessee, Blacksmith

Pettee, James Algernon; Maine, Miner

Rothwell, Henry; United States, Miner

Reynolds, George; Wisconsin, Miner

Roberts, William; England, Miner (Trinity Co., CA)

Roth, Theodore; Bavaria, Miner (Buffalo, New York)

Ruster, William; Hanover, Miner

Shepard, Benjamin Allen; Missouri, Miner

Smith, Thomas Burton; Missouri, Miner

Stiller, Augustus Richard; Prussia, Farmer (Shasta Co., CA)

Sullivan, John Daniel; Ireland, Miner (Horten Co., Michigan)

Vanbel [Vaubel], Christian; Ohio, Miner

Wiedenbach, Frederick; Germany, Miner

Whitmore, Philander; Illinois, Miner

Wright, John Pettis; Missouri, Laborer

White, Thomas; England, Miner (Shasta Co., CA)

Wiliams, Christopher; England, Miner




Piety Hill, IOOF Happenings

1872 October 1, - Welcome Lodge Independent Order of Odd Fellows numbered 209 was instituted at Piety Hill by Samuel Isaacks, with charter members: H. O. Jackson [H.C. Jacobson], Theodore Dickinson, Thomas Burton Smith, Lorin Scott, John J. Wheelock, Almareane W. Baker, and Valentine Doll.

1908 July 17- H. Caswell, district deputy grand master of the Ono IOOF hall, came to Redding and went on the evening train to Kennett to install the newly elected officers of the Kennett IOOF Lodge. - Record Searchlight, Today in History, 17 Jul 2008