1894 January 6, A 4th Class Post Office was established at Agland, Shasta, California, located 15 miles northwest of Ono. The community planned by the Agricultural Land Company did not develop as the founders had planned. Richard G. Hart, Jr. was the first and only postmaster. (Richard G. Hart, Sr. was the first and only postmaster for Hart, Shasta, California.)~

1894 March 4, San Francisco Call Bulletin - A Post Office has been established at Agland, Shasta County, and Richard G. Hart, Jr. appointed Postmaster.~

1895 October 31, Agland Post Office discontinued.~



Ah-Di-Na located 3.25 miles north-northwest of Shoeinhorse Mountain along the McCloud River - Shoeinhorse Mountain, a peak in Shasta County located 14 miles east-southeast of Castella - Also Little Shoeinhorse Mountain located .5 miles north-northeast of Shoeinhorse Mountain -

May not be an Indian name, but there is evidence of Native American occupation long before the Southern Pacific Railroad acquired the land that was later purchased by the Whittier family of San Francisco in 1895. The Whittier family built buildings, landscaped, planted an orchard, developed an irrigation system, all using a pack trail as the only access and used the location as a "mountain retreat"for relaxation, fishing and hunting.

After the death of owner, W.F. Whittier, son of the original owners, William R. and Elizabeth Whittier,  William M. Fitzhugh purchased the Ah-Di-Na compound as well as 1,480 acres which included the Willow Creek Ranch in 1919.

William Randolph Hearst purchased Ah-Di-Na in 1936, made improvements and used it in conjunction with his Wyntoon retreat to entertain guests. After its "heyday" of the 1930- 40's, Ah-Di-Na received less attention and care and fell into ruin.

In 1965, The United States Forest Service acquired the location and began the conversion to public campgrounds and outdoor use. - See article in The Covered Wagon, 1985, by Judy Krieger.~



Ahjumawi means where the waters come together - The waters of Big Lake, Tule River, Ja She Creek and Fall River all come together at this location - The springs comprise one of the largest fresh water spring systems in the country - The spring waters discharge into Big Lake, Horr Pond, and Ja She Creek which together form the headwaters of the East Fork of the Tule River, a main tributary to Fall River - Located in remote northeastern Shasta County, home of Pit River Native Americans -

The acreage, 5,930 acres, 4 miles in length and no more than 1 mile wide, was acquired by the State of California from private landowners and made a California State Park in 1975. No vehicle roads - access by boat only - hiking trails - fishing allowed- no hunting - no motor vehicles within - three basic campsites. Launch small boats at PG&E "Rat Farm" boat launch into Big Lake.~


Aiken Gulch

Aiken Gulch, a canyon drained by a stream that flows 7 miles to Middle Fork Cottonwood Creek, 8 miles south of Ono - No Post Office - Aiken Gulch School - Mining -

1885 September 7, Aiken Gulch School established.~

The Aiken Gulch School was located on the southwest side of the gulch in the middle of three trees on a hill above the gate. There was an outhouse for the girls, but the boys went over the hill.

The teachers for the Raymond children were Georgia Jones, Pearl Street, Ella McCandless and Miss Latham.

Miss Street handed out a card on the last day of school with pupil names printed on it. The list:  ROBINSON, Stephen, Myrtie, Grover, Maude and Martin; LONG, Mattie, Walter, Susie and Willie; RAYMOND, George, Carrie, Elida and Luella: YANCEY, Pearl, Emma and Lizzie; PIERSON, David, Marion, Mattie and Jimmie. -The Family History of Elida Raymond Wellsby Ruth Raymond Wells Caldwell~

1892 December 10, Free Press, Redding, California - An Ono Marriage by Contract - A basket social came off last Saturday at Aiken schoolhouse to raise a little money to trim a Christmas tree with. A large number of people were present. In fact, almost the entire membership of the district.

After the literary exercises conducted by the able teacher, Miss Lack, were over, the baskets were sold to the highest bidders. They went from 80 cents to $8.50 each, the total sum raised being $35.95. After all were well filled with the contents of the baskets, W. S. Kidder called the crowd to order and then read the marriage contract signed by James R. Murphy and Miss Lucy Smith.~

1899 February 21Searchlight, Redding, CA -  Report of Aiken School for the month from January 23rd to February 17th:  Number enrolled, 13; average number belonging, 12. Not absent or tardy - Nellie and Annie Rennie, Lizzie and Ollie Edwards; tardy but not absent - Cora Pearl, Ned Chandler, Charles Walcott. Visitors - Mrs. Rennie, Valentine Rennie, Miss Laura Gill, and Leonard Goodrum. - Mrs. Georgia Bedford, Teacher.~

1899 August 12Searchlight, Redding, California - Shasta's List of School teachers - Aiken, Clara Hamilton.~

1900, Aiken School lapsed and the furniture and supplies were removed to the new Goldboro School about 20 miles away.~


Alamine Peak

Alamine (or Alumine) Peak, 3.5 miles south-southeast of Whitmore - Alum mine


Albertson > Roberts > Palocedro > Palo Cedro

The Albertson Post Office (1883) changed its name to Roberts (1885) and then Palocedro (as one word, 1893) and finally Palo Cedro (1906).

1866 December 15, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - MARRIED - On Clover Creek, December 6th, by W.N. Guptill, Esq., Mr. William A. Albertson to Miss Elizabeth F. Chism, both of Shasta County.~

1869 July 31, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - On South Cow Creek, July 27th, the wife of William A. Albertson of a daughter.~

1881 May 2, Junction School established, located near what became Palo Cedro.~

1883 June 4, The 4th Class Post Office named Albertson was established in the farming area 4 miles west of Millville. It was named for William Armstrong Albertson (1834-1897), Ohio native, farmer and miner. On 17 November 1885, William's second wife, Martha Emily "Mattie" Branstedter Willfoung Albertson (1840-1905) became licensed as a Sole-Trader in the location of Millville as her husband was ill or disabled and she had to support the household by farming and raising livestock.~

1883 June 4, Albertson Postmaster:  William Armstrong Albertson.~

1883 August 4, "A new post office has been established at the junction of the Anderson, Redding and Millville roads, three miles this side of Millville. The new post office is called Albertson with Mr. Albertson as Postmaster."~

1884 February 18, Albertson Postmaster:  Mary M. Roberts.~

1884 August 20, Shasta County Marriages - Martha Emily Branstedter Willfoung and William Armstrong Albertson.~

1885 September 22, Roberts continued as a 4th Class Post Office as the name was changed from Albertson on 22 September 1885 and Mary Margaret Stanford Roberts became the first Postmistress. The name Roberts honored Benjamin Franklin Roberts (1846-1897), a pioneer teacher in the area. In 1880, B.F. Roberts was the Federal Census Enumerator for Township No. 7 and listed his occupation as Teacher. The 1885 Shasta County, California Directory lists B. F. Roberts as operating a general merchandise, hotel, feed corral and acting as Postmaster. The Roberts Post Office was discontinued 28 May 1893 when the name changed to Palocedro.~

1885 September 22, Roberts Postmaster: Mary M. Roberts.~

1888 August 7, Roberts Postmaster:  Annie E. Lilly~

1889 May 1, Roberts Postmaster:  Annie E. Forrester.~

1889 August 26, Roberts Postmaster:  William A. Albertson.~

1892 April 23, Free Press, Redding, California - SCHOOL REPORT - Report of Junction School for the month ended April 1, 1892:  Not absent nor tardy, Evan Poston, Omar Poston, Edgar Albertson; Visitors: Mesers. J.L. McCarty, Emory Poston, Ira Poston, Charley Blay, D.W. Poston,D.W. Lytle, Wm. Browne and S.H. Whitmore. Signed:  Wm. E. Whitmore, Teacher.~

1893 May 28, Palocedro, which is Spanish for Cedar trees, became the name of the Post Office on 28 May 1893. The trees growing in the vicinity served as a landmark. The Postal Department granted the spelling change to two words, Palo Cedro, in 1906. Loraine A. Rodgers was the first Postmistress for the newly named community.~

1893 May 29, Palocedro Postmaster:  Loraine A. Rodgers (Rogers).~

1895 August 19, San Francisco Chronicle, Shasta County Teachers - Junction School:  Jennie McDonald.~

1899 April 7, Palocedro Postmaster:  Edward O. Messinger.~

1899 August 12, Searchlight, Redding, California - Shasta's List of School Teachers - Junction:  Mrs. E.O. Messinger.~

1901 July 31, Palocedro Postmaster:  Franklin R. Love.~

1906 March 12, Name spelling now Palo Cedro.  Postmaster:  Mary F. Love.~

1910 December 24,  Samuel E. Lilly, Postmaster.~

1911 July 8, Sacramento Union - Teachers Appointed - Mrs. Gertrude Forester.~

1921 August 9, Florence Gullixson, Postmaster.~

1924 November 11, Eli Addington, Postmaster.~

1939 September 29, Mrs. Sarah Addington, Postmaster.~

1949 May 20, Mrs. Mary E. Jones, Postmaster.~


Albion School District

 See:  Carbon first, then Cayton



1888 March 14, A Post Office called Alfa, Shasta County, California, was established 7 miles north of Burgettville as a 4th Class Post Office. Discontinued 15 July (or 31 July) 1895, the mail was then distributed from Dana.

Alfa was the name chosen by Alexander Clark "Alex" Hill, first Postmaster, for his daughter. Miss Hill may have spelled her name Alpha, but there was already a post office in Nevada County named Alpha.

Alex Hill had established a new road, stage stop and store for travel north out of Fall River Valley. He also began a newspaper called Alfa Advance (1888) as a means of advertising timber claims. Competition from the Boyes Road and other newspapers seemed to phase out the need for Mr. Hill's enterprises.~

1888 August 25, Shasta Courier - The Alfa Advance, published at the head of Fall River Valley is now 18 weeks of age, but not a single local business card or advertisement. There is a post office there, and the postmaster ought to advertise that just as a matter of local pride.~

1892 April 30, Shasta Courier - Folsom of the Alfa Advance and Alexander C. Hill had a disagreement.~

1892 June 4, Shasta Courier - Miss Nora Manning of Fall River has charge of the editorial and mechanical department of the Alfa Advance.~

1895 June 1, Shasta Courier- Charles W. Hill of Fall River Valley is a rustler and has already commenced running his fast freight and supply wagon from Alfa to Sisson. Charlie can run his market wagon most anywhere, but will not run it up to the coal mines south of Bartle until the Fourth of July.~

1895 July 20, Shasta Courier - The Hill Brothers, Charlie and Jess of Alfa, are rustlers and make weekly trips to Sisson and Dunsmuir with loads of poultry, butter, and other commodities that go to make up good living. They always drive good horses, make good time, and what they haul gets to market in the right shape.~

1898 June 11Shasta Courier - Alexander C. Hill died at his home at Alfa on Bear Creek near Dana Post Office in Fall River Valley a few days ago. He was one of the pioneer settlers in the valley; a native of North Carolina, and aged about 71 years. The deceased leaves a wife, two sons, three daughters, and a number of other relatives and a large circle of friends and acquaintances to mourn his departure. Mr. Hill was one of the most energetic and progressive citizens of his part of the county, and when a man like him is removed from the path of life, his loss is seriously felt.~


American Ranch

1855 July 19, A 4th Class Post Office was established at American Ranch, Shasta, California on 19 July 1855, and discontinued on 15 April 1878, when it was moved to the nearby Anderson townsite. The name stems from the American Hotel and Ranch which was a stopping place for freight teams enroute to the Shasta and Trinity mines. Located 27 miles north of Red Bluff, the Reading Land Grant property was first purchased by Thomas A. Freeman in May 1854, and then sold to Elias Anderson in 1856. Freeman was the first postmaster. American Ranch Post Office was the fifth postal station established in Shasta County. - History of California Post Offices 1849-1976 ~

1855 July 19, Thomas A. Freeman, First Postmaster.~

1855 October 29, Daily Democratic State Journal, New Post Office - A post office has recently been established at the American Ranch in this county [Shasta]  of which Thomas A. Freeman is Postmaster.~

1857 January 16, Elias Anderson, Postmaster.~

1857 July 26, Thomas A. Freeman, Postmaster~

1859 January 16, Elias Anderson, Postmaster.~

1860/61, American Ranch School established.~

1861 March 23, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California -Listing of 6 Post Offices in Shasta County at the time, American Ranch with E. Anderson as Postmaster being one of them. The others were French Gulch, Horsetown, Shasta, Whisky Creek and Millville. Cottonwood was in Tehama County.~

1863 August 8, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Board of Supervisors - Ordered that the place of voting be removed from William Lean's to the American Ranch and be known as "American Ranch Precinct."~

1872 August 24, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - American Ranch - We understand that Bedford and Wright will shortly start a store at the American Ranch where a new town has been laid out. [This would be the new town of Anderson not far from American Ranch and where the railroad had established a station.]~

1876 February 10, Name changed to Anderson.~

1877, Postal authorities established the post office at American Ranch in 1855 and moved it to the town site of Anderson in 1878. The railroad station was named Anderson in 1872 by the Railroad authorities for Elias Anderson who had granted railroad right away across his land. Consequently in the Great Register for the County of Shasta, California, 1877, residents are listed in both locales. The American Ranch residents list themselves as farmers, stockraisers, one laborer and one miner.

Elias ANDERSON, Kentucky, Farmer; George Henry ANDERSON, Missouri, Farmer; Thomas Boaz BELL, USA, Farmer; Manuel Joseph DAIS, Portugal, Farmer (Naturalization through Father); William Thomas GLOVER, USA, Laborer; William McHendree JOHNSTON, USA, Farmer; Francis JOSEPH, Portugal, Farmer; Alexander LIGGET, Ohio, Stockraiser; William LEAN, England, Farmer (Shasta Co.); Daniel ROBERTSON, Ohio, Farmer; John Wesley SPANN, USA, Farmer; Samuel Bosworth SHELDON, USA, Farmer; James SUNDERLAND, Indiana, Stockraiser; William H. STINE, USA, Miner; William STULL, Pennsylvania, Farmer.~

1868 August 15, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Election Precincts - American Ranch: E. Anderson, Inspector; D. Robinson and W.A. Johnson, Judges; J.W. Spann and C.I. McCrea, Alternates.~

1878 April 15, Elias Anderson, Postmaster. American Ranch Post Office discontinued and the post office moved to nearby townsite called Anderson and became Anderson, Shasta County, California Post Office.~



The town of Anderson was established 10 miles south-southeast of Redding - Anderson Creek, a stream, flows 16 miles to the Sacramento River, 2.25 miles south of Ball's Ferry - Railroad - Post Office - School - High School - Farming - Fruit packing - Box Factory -

Anderson was established as a railroad station town in 1872, by the California and Oregon (Central Pacific) as it built northward from Sacramento to Oregon. The Railroad Company named the location for Elias Anderson of American Ranch, as they bought right-of-way land from him. Mr. Anderson's land was originally part of Major P.B. Reading's Mexican Land Grant.

"Thomas Freeman was the first settler to buy here in 1854. His adobe was a convenient stopping place for miners, freighters, and pack trains on their way to the gold diggings."

"Elias Anderson bought Freeman's 160 acre American Ranch in December 1856, and enlarged the ranch to 370 acres. He then built and operated the original American Ranch Hotel. In 1878, he bought a lot in the new town for $100 and moved his wood-frame hotel to the corner of Center and Ferry Streets, across from the Railroad Depot." - Anderson Historical Society and Museum Brochure

1876 February 10, Anderson School established by means of American Ranch School Districrt changing its name to Anderson School District.~

1877, A list of Anderson residents from The Great Register for the County of Shasta, California:  Elias Fleming ANDERSON, Kentucky, Railroad Clerk (son of Elias Anderson); William Somers ANDERSON, California, Farmer (son of Elias Anderson); George BAKER, New York, Cabinet Maker; Reuben BAKER, Pennsylvania, Farmer; John Leland CASTO, Indiana, Farmer; Joseph William DAILEY, Ohio, Farmer; Joseph FRATUS, Azore Islands, Laborer (Trinity Co., CA); William Marion JOHNSTON, Jr., California, Laborer; Riley Blythe MANN, Missouri, Farmer; Joseph Samuel PARHAM, Iowa, Laborer; Jonathan Stoner SCLEIGH, Pennsylvania, Blacksmith; George Horace SNOW, Missouri, Farmer; Harry STRODE, Pennsylvania, Stockraiser; Addison Marion STARK, Indiana, Farmer.~

1878 May 11, Central School established. (Near Anderson and Oak Knoll)~

1878 April 15, The American Ranch Post Office discontinued in April 1878 and the service was moved to the newly established community of Anderson 15 April 1878. Anderson, named for Elias Anderson, the owner of the American Ranch and American Hotel, had deeded property to the Central Pacific Railroad for the laying of the railroad track. The town was actually a railroad station in 1872, and then lots were sold for private dwellings. W. W. Elmore erected the second house in the town and said he had to cut through the manzanita to get to his house.~

1878 April 15, The Anderson Post Office was ranked as a First Class post office in 1878, with Elias Anderson as the first postmaster. Some records show William S. Anderson as the first postmaster.~

1878 April 22, San Francisco Bulletin - Pacific Coast Postal Changes -  Washington April 21 - Post Office Names Changed:  American Ranch, Shasta county to Anderson. Postmasters appointed: Anderson, Shasta County, W. Anderson.

1878 August 7, Central School rescinded.~

1880 January 29 - San Francisco Bulletin - Twenty-four cars of beef cattle have been shipped from Anderson, Shasta County, since January 1st. They were driven from Siskiyou County and said to be in splendid condition.~

1880 October 9, San Francisco Bulletin - A farmer has just arrived at Anderson, Shasta County, from the Bald Hills, with 1,500 turkeys, which he is pasturing in the vicinity.~

1880 December 8, George H. Anderson, Postmaster.~

1880 December 13, San Francisco Bulletin, Washington, December 12th - Postmasters appointed:  George W. Anderson, Anderson, Shasta county...

1881 July 23, Shasta Courier - List of School District Clerks - Anderson: J.F. Bedford of Anderson.~

1881 - Mrs. J.C. King; Mrs. Eliza P. Veeder, Teachers.~

1882 February 17, Postal Contracts let on 17 February 1882 included Anderson to Igo to Jerry Culverhouse for $448.00 per annum. The star route mail service was for the term of four years according to the Post Office Department.~

1882 October 13, An announcement came from Postmaster George Anderson of Anderson that the Postmaster General of Washington D.C. had discontinued the mail route between Anderson and Igo. Dunham and Leiter of Igo are carrying Wells, Fargo and Company treasury and as an accommodation are again conveying the mail backward and forward. It was understood that the Postmaster General had been informed of the true facts of the case and would probably order the route re-established. This route accommodates so many people in the county that it should be re-established.~

1883 November 25, Charles W. Richardson, Postmaster.~

1885 - Shasta County Directory - R. Berger, Principal. Teachers:  Mrs. A. Dodson, George O. English, Mrs. E.A. King, D.C. Reed, Miss L. Shaw.~

1885 July 10, James F. Bedford, Postmaster.~

1886 May 6 - The location of the bridge across the Sacramento River of this place was decided on by the Supervisors to-day to be at Wells Ferry.~

1886 May 7, Anderson:  The much talked of free bridge of this place was decided on by the Board of Supervisors last night. There has been a bitter sectional fight in the county for three months over this matter and the actions of the board are being appreciated by the culmination of much enthusiasm here.~

1886 July 9 - Shasta - The contract for an all iron bridge over the Sacramento River at Anderson, in this county, was to-day awarded to Captain Burrell of Oakland representing the California Bridge Company. The contract price is [unreadable]. The contract provides for five iron spans crossing the entire river. This will be the fifth bridge which this company has built across the Sacramento River, and the people of Anderson and the county generally are well pleased with the action of the Board of Supervisors.~

1886 July 9, San Francisco Bulletin - Anderson, Shasta county, was made happy last evening over the fact that the County board of Supervisors had rejected the petition in opposition to the projected Anderson Free Bridge. Anvils were fired and general hand-shaking followed the announcement of the supervisors decision.~

1887 July 7, Lone Tree School established between Anderson and Balls Ferry.~

1887 Nov 22, Evening News, Anderson, Cal., Nov 22 - as Mrs. William Gates was returning from Texas Springs to her home in this place, at 8 o'clock last evening, she met persons in a carriage who fired a gun. Her horse ran away, throwing her into a ditch and wrecking the buggy. Three hours later she was found by passers unconscious and she has been insensible with slight intermission ever since. The perpetrators of the outrage it seems, fired the gun along the road out of pure deviltry.~

1889 December 7, James H. Beacher (Beecher?), Postmaster.~

1894 June 15, Charles J. Bedford, Postmaster.~

1894 December 17, Ira M. Fickas, Postmaster.~

1895 August 19San Francisco Chronicle, Shasta County Teachers - Lone Tree School:  Elizabeth Jones.~

1899 February 8, Daniel Zumwalt, Postmaster.~

1899 August 12Searchlight, Redding, California - Shasta's List of School Teachers - Anderson:  E. Vickers, Annie Price, Myrtle Fuller.~

1899 December 3Searchlight, Redding, California - Professor Vickers, principal of the Anderson schools, was visiting his brother, J.F. Vickers in Redding Saturday.~

1903 - Teachers:  Alice Dodson, Olive Bedford, Lutie Fisher, J.H. Creighton, A.D. Cunningham.

1904 February 11, Grace E. Fuller, Postmaster.~

1904 July 15, Weekly Searchlight, Redding, California - Teachers Employed - ...Miss Laura Boyer, Lone Tree...

1905, 1906 - Alice Dodson, Olive Bedford, Lutie Fisher, J.H. Creighton, A.D. Cunningham, Macie I. Dack, James Matlock, Jr., Eliza Wagner, Estelle Matlock, Maude Anderson.

1907 January 10, Grace E. Fuller, Postmaster.~

1908 July 9, Sacramento Union - Teachers Selected for Shasta County Schools -Anderson - Miss Olive Bedford, Miss Myra Giles, Miss Hazel Keeran and Miss Macie Dack.~

1908 - Miss Carrie Davis, Teacher, Lone Tree School.~

1909 July 1, Anderson Union High School established.~

1910 March 8, William S. Anderson, Postmaster.~

1911 May 23Sacramento Bee - Anderson, Shasta County - The Anderson Grammar School closed today after a successful nine months term. The teachers for the past terms were:  Olive Bedford, Principal; Myra Giles, Macie Dack, and Elsie Shepherd.~

1911 July 8, Sacramento Union - Teachers appointed:  Miss Olive Bedford, Myra Giles, Macie Dack, Eva Cornwall.~

1914 March 10, Edwin L. Story, Postmaster.~

1915 May 19, Searchlight, Redding, California - ANDERSON TEACHERS - The following teachers have been employed to teach the next term of the Anderson Grammar School:  Mrs. Eva Whalen, principal; Miss Iva Morris, Miss Ethel Anderson, Miss Leila Alexander and Miss Virginia Shanahan.~

1915 August 22, Searchlight, Redding, California - ANDERSON SCHOOLS - The grammar school of Anderson will open on Monday, September 20. The date is set later than common in other parts of the county so as to permit the children to work in the prune harvest.~

1915 September 23, Searchlight, Redding, California - LONE TREE SCHOOL BEGINS - The Lone Tree school, near Anderson, opened Monday, having been delayed a week in order to let children helping on the prune harvest finish their work. Twenty-eight pupils are enrolled. Miss norma Craven is the teacher.~

1917 December 23, San Francisco Chronicle - Anderson, December 22 - Roy E. Simpson, for two years vice-principal of the Anderson Union High School, has resigned his position to go to Washington to take a position in the quartermaster department.~

1920 October 1, O. F. Oliphant, Postmaster.~

1920 December 17, Riverside Independent Enterprise - Cracksmen last night blew open the safe of the Anderson, Shasta county, postoffice says a special dispatch to the Sacramento Bee and obtained $200 in stamps, $39 in cash and a package of jewelry. The robbery was discovered this morning by Postmaster O. F. Oliphant. No clues were left.~

1921 November 8, Augustus H. Johnston, Postmaster.~

1923 March 25Searchlight, Redding, California - Miss Myra E. Giles, teacher of the Lone Tree school, was in the county seat Saturday to attend the meeting of the County Board of Education.~

1923 June 14, Searchlight, Redding, California - LONE TREE TEACHER - Mrs. Ollo Meyer has been engaged to teach the next term of school in the Lone Tree District between Anderson and Balls Ferry.~

1925 November 25, Lloyd E. Smith, Postmaster.~

1928 November 1, Annie G. Bedford, Postmaster.~

1930 December 25, Anderson Valley News - Mr. and Mrs. Leon Miller will have as their Christmas guests Tom Robinson and Harvey Miller of Sacramento; Mr. and Mrs. R.J. Robinson, Frank Miller and Roy Couey of Ono. Misses Clarabelle and Alma Robinson and Mr. and Mrs. H.T. Forschler of Redding. ~

1938 February 1, Mrs. Mary Ella Dow, Postmaster.~

1941 - H.A. Steidley, Anna B. Kimball, Elsie Morgan, Lucille Dailey, Virginia Spear, Teachers~

1958 January 31, Richard A. Wallace, Postmaster.~


Andrews Creek

A stream that flows nearly 4 miles to South Fork of Clear Creek - Named for Alexander Robertson Andrews who developed mining claims along the creek - A '49er to the Clear Creek Diggings - A member of the Party of Twelve - Andrew's Ditch owner - Toll Bridge owner -Sawmill owner - Longtime partner with H. Clay Stockton in many of his businesses - active in community, roads and mining affairs, as well as overall Shasta county development. Andrews was a member of the second California Constitutional Convention and an Assemblyman from Shasta County at the 7th, 18th, and 19th Sessions of the California Legislature.

1881, History and Business Directory Shasta County - "On Andrews' Creek, three miles above Igo, is situated the Crystal mine, owned by H. Rothwell. A fine lot of one and three hundred dollar ore has been taken from this mine. Near the Crystal Mine are the Cincinnati and several other ledges that show well; all first located in 1866."~



Antelope Creek, a stream that flows 7 miles to Cottonwood Creek, 5 miles south-southwest of Olinda - 

1881 August 2, School established in the location near Bald Hills known as Antelope.~

"Antelope School was established 2 August 1881, 10 miles west of Cottonwood on the south side of Gas Point Road. May K. Giles was the first teacher followed by Carrie Hayden. The familes were:  Riggins, Shelton, Scovell, Duggins. The school was discontinued about 1940." - Bertha Felch Stevenson Maynard ~

1908 December 4, The Searchlight, Semi Weekly, Redding, California - Antelope School - The following is the report of the Antelope School for the month ended November 27: Days taught = 18; days attendance = 238; time tardy = 2; average belonging = 14; daily attendance = 11; percentage of attendance (unreadable) Pupils being neither absent nor tardy during the month were: Frances Venzke, Emil Venzke, Albert Venzke, Ruth Dewlaney, Ruby Dewlaney and Elmer Dewlaney. Visitor:  Frank Ponte. Laura E. Boyce, teacher.~

In the 1916 to 1918, School Register for Gas Point School, I noticed that in the visitor list, Mrs. J. L. Boyer and Mr. & Mrs. Joe Moore as well as a Mrs. M. J. Moore gave their address as Antelope.~

1903, 1904 - Mrs. L. Cunningham, Teacher.~

1905 - J. May Stevens, Teacher.~

1906 - Mrs. E. Leschinsky, Teacher.~



See:  Gregory > Antler(s)



Mining - No Post Office  - Voting Precinct -  In southwest Shasta County there is an Arbuckle Mountain, Arbuckle Basin, and Arbuckle Gulch -

Sequence of events:  An Oregonian, named Engles, who was driven from "rich diggins" after just a few hours by the Indians may have been in Arbuckle Gulch. He talked about it in the community of Cottonwood.

October 1849,  A group of sixteen prospectors, after hearing from Engles about the rich diggings and letting Engles lead them toward the area up Cottonwood Creek and then he (Engles) slipped away with his new mining outfit and mule that the eager miners had provided for him. The large party later became alarmed and frightened by the Indians demonstration of might and fell back discouraged for not reaching the rich diggings and loosing the investment. They were not "Clear Creek" miners and supposedly left the area.

February 1850 - A party of twelve experienced miners from Clear Creek decided to venture into Indian territory to find what the stories were all about and really did find "rich diggins" in a basin of Cottonwood Creek. This party also met with the Indians and discussed as best as could be communicated an understanding that they were there to find gold and not bother or be bothered by each other. The Indians actually showed them the places to find the gold. When the prospectors went back to Clear Creek camp to gather their gear and provisions to return to the new site, other men, mostly Oregonians, followed them out.  To get along with each other in the mining gulches, they worked out a system of footage for each man's spot. The Indians remained troublesome, but the happy miners weren't as fearful of them. The miners were not experienced enough to follow the veins and get more gold and thus left.

The discoverers:

Abraham Cunningham, Alexander Robertson Andrews, French Tuttle, Noah Batchelder, Joseph Voshay, John S. Hittell, Samuel Nicholson, Samuel McConnell, ? Tomlinson, ? Davis, and two more unknowns.

This group also befriended a man by the surname of Watson and sent him into a place they had found on their first trip. This turned out to be a good find and was named for him as Watson Gulch.

According to Alexander Robertson Andrews who was actually in the party of twelve, the discovers, possibly writing in 1880, we have the following:

"After the discoverers left the Arbuckle mines they were deserted by white men until the spring of 1851, when they were again worked by a man named Arbuckle and they have been known as the Arbuckle Diggings since that time. They have been mined almost continuously since the time Arbuckle worked there and a great deal of gold has been taken from them. With the present improved facilities for obtaining water for mining there is little reason to doubt that the Arbuckle mines will yield largely in the future."

Arbuckle as a community didn't establish a post office or a school. The folks received their mail from the Horsetown Post Office or depended on an expressman. In 1871, George and John Parks had a general merchandise store to serve the mostly miners who lived there.

However, in The Great Register for the County of Shasta, 1877, Twenty-one men were listed as living in Arbuckle, all miners except Robert Shaw, a farmer, and George Willis Raymond, a Sheep Herder.~

1858 August 28, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Election - Caleb Duncan, Inspector; David Harris and John Anderson, Judges.~

1859 August 6, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - -Judges and Inspectors of Election for the 7th Day of September 1859 - Arbuckle:  Captain Seymour, Inspector; Henry Kern, John Parks, Judges.~

1860 October 13, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Judges and Inspectors of Election for 6th day of November 1860 - Arbuckle:  J.A. Brown, Inspector; John Parks, Henry Kern, Judges.~

1862 September 4, San Francisco Bulletin -Homicide in Shasta County - On August 22nd at New Gulch, two miles from Arbuckle, Shasta County, a man named Butler was shot and instantly killed by one Larry Crumbe. The cause of the affair was a dispute about a squaw. Crumbe escaped.~

1868 August 15, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Election Precincts - Arbuckle:  R.A. Powers, Inspector; M. Shoemaker and R. Blair, Judges; T. Seymour and John Parks, Alternates.~

1877, The GREAT REGISTER of the COUNTY of SHASTA:  Local Residents listed in Arbuckle, Shasta County, California, did not hide the fact they were there for mining. George Willis Raymond brought sheep into the locale to take advantage of the grass.

Robert BLAIR, Scotland, Miner, Arbuckle (Shasta County); William BOWERS, Ireland, Miner, Arbuckle; Charles CABANEKE, Poland, Miner. Arbuckle (Shasta County); Thomas CLARK, Ireland, Miner, Arbuckle (Sullivan County, New York); Joseph DIEHL, _____, Miner, Arbuckle (Shasta County); George Warren DIXON, England, Miner (Shasta County); William HICKS, Massachusetts, Miner, Arbuckle; William LEESE, Isle of Man, Miner, Arbuckle; Antonio LOZADA, Mexico, Miner, Arbuckle (Shastas County); John PARK, England, Miner, Arbuckle (Lucerne, Connecticut); William PARK, England, Miner, Arbuckle (Shasta County); Robert Augustus POWERS, New York, Miner, Arbuckle; Alexander Columbus PHILPOT, Kentucky, Miner, Arbuckle; George Willis RAYMOND, USA, Sheep Herder, Arbuckle; John REAGAN, USA, Miner, Arbuckle; Robert SHAW, Ohio, Farmer, Arbuckle; Cornelius SULLIVAN, Ireland, Miner, Arbuckle; William SULLIVAN, Ireland, Miner, Arbuckle; Meinrad SCHAFFTER, France, Miner, Arbuckle (Shasta County); Gregor SCHNIEDER, Germany, Miner, Arbuckle; John WILLIS, Prussia, Miner, Arbuckle (Shasta County). ~



Asbury Peak, or Butte, (also known as Black Butte) is a crater 6.5 miles west-southwest of Shingletown, named for Tom Asbury who homesteaded on the south slope.

There were three Asbury brothers, William, Preston and Tom. It is said, Wiliam was the first known white man to see Manzanita Lake. He was with the Noble party when Noble ventured into laying a new trail which became The Noble Pass. Preston was known for not trusting banks, so he would bury his money wherever he happened to be living. - Memories of Shingletown Ridge, 1978.~

1914 Januray 10, Asbury School District established.~

1923 March 25Searchlight, Redding, California - John Hall, a farmer living in the Asbury school district on Battle Creek, visited the courthouse Saturday.~



Ash Creek

Stream - Flows 22 miles to Sacramento River 1 mile north of Balls Ferry.

1851, Tributary to the Sacramento River, Ash Creek was designated the southern boundary of a Reservation planned for Shasta County Native Americans in 1851, Treaty No. 8, which was never ratified.~




Atkins Creek flows 8 miles to South Cow Creek, 5 miles east-southeast of Whitmore - Quintus N. Atkins built a sawmill on the creek - He also served as County Assessor - No Post Office - School named for Q.N. Atkins, father of several children - 

1871 March 18, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - BORN - Near Well's Ferry, March 7, the wife of Q.N. Atkins, of a son.~

1890 May 10, Atkins School established. Located east of Whitmore. - Bertha Felch Stevenson Maynard -~

1892 May 14, Free Press, Shasta, California - Board of Supervisors - Petition for change of boundaries of Mountain Grove and Atkins school districts refused.~

1899 April 26, Searchlight, Redding, California - Summer Schools - Atkins, Mrs. K. Brincard...~

1899 June 10, Searchlight, Redding, California - SKULL LAID OPEN BY CIRCULAR SAW - Horrible Accident to Ex-Assessor Q.N. Atkins at His Mill - He Will Probably Die - Dr. H.W. Heryford of Millville brought news to Redding Friday of a horrible, and probably fatal accident which befell Quintus N. Atkins on Wednesday.

Mr. Atkins, formerly assessor and one of the best known men in Shasta County, and his sons own and operate the Summit Saw mills situated near Whitmore. On Wednesday morning Mr. Atkins was engaged in sawing a small plank on the lower of the two 36 inch circular saws which are affixed one above the other. He wished to saw to a fine mark and in order to gauge the board exactly he bent his head close over the lower saw. Probably without thinking, he raised his head suddenly, bringing it squarely against the upper blade which was revolving at a high rate of speed.

The sharp teeth came in contact with the back of the skull and laid open the cranium to a point just above the left eye. The gash measured fully eight inches. The man fell to the floor unconscious. He was conveyed to his home and Dr. Heryford Summoned.

The physician stated Friday that when he visited Mr. Atkins the previous day, the injured man had not regained consciousness. Dr. Heryford believed he could not possibly survive.

Mr. Atkins is 66 years of age. He has lived at the mills for many years with his wife and fourteen children, one of whom recently died.~

1899 July 13, Searchlight, Redding, California - PEDAGOGUES ARE CHOSEN - ...Atkins Mill, Mrs. Brincard...~

1899 August 12, Searchlight, Redding, California - Shasta's List of School Teachers, Atkins School:  Mrs. K.A. Brincard.~

1903 -  Clara Hufford, Teacher.~

1904 - Clara Hufford, Mary V. Joseph, Teachers.~

1905 - Cora Cravens, Teacher.~

1906 - C.C. Middleton, Teacher.~




Backbone Ridge, southeast trending, 8 miles long, 10 miles south of LaMoine - Trail was steep, narrow and rough, sometimes called "Devils Backbone" - Backbone Creek, flows nearly 7 miles to Backbone Creek Inlet Shasta Lake, 11.5 miles south of LaMoine - Big Backbone Creek, Little Backbone Creek, North Fork Backbone Creek, South Fork Backbone Creek--all names in this vicinity - Mining - Rich placer mine discovered by party of German prospectors in 1852 - Kennet -

See also:  Sacramento River Trail

1892 February 27, Free Press, Redding, California - E.J. Price of Kennet informs us that the Butters Company has purchased the Dickinson Ranch on Backbone Creek, which will be seeded and planted immediately. The five-mile water ditch owned by the company runs through the ranch.~

1899 April 7, Searchlight, Redding, California - A.J. Prater is in from Hart nursing the grip. He has been prospecting in the Backbone District.~

1899 August 11, Searchlight, Redding, California - EMBRYO MINES - New Locations that Have Been Filed for Record - BACKBONE MINING DISTRICT:  Louis Moore--Pacific quartz claim; August Hurst--Atlantic quartz claim; Charles Barner and J.A. Van Kruze--Dewey quartz claim; J.A. Van Kruze and Ed Riebe--Oregon quartz claim.~

1899 August 23, Searchlight, Redding, California - NEW MINING CLAIMS - W.B. Espy, C.C. Fox--Spot, Blue Jay, Barbon, Water Blue and Old Sport quartz mines in Backbone Mining District.~

1899 October 14, Searchlight, Redding, California -W.J. Gillespie of the Depot Hotel and Superintendent George Kislingbury of the Bully Hill mines went to the Mammoth Mine on Little Backbone Friday on a business visit.~

1899 October 15, Searchlight, Redding, California - Wash Hardin, who is now conducting the boarding-house at the Mammoth Mine on Little Backbone near Kennet, was down on a business visit Saturday.~

1899 October 25, Searchlight, Redding, California - PROOF OF LABOR - Filed Oct. 24:  Walter Friday:  Red Star Quartz Mine, Backbone Mining District.~

1899 December 28, Searchlight, Redding, California - R.M. Saeltzer, A.J. Wallace, Antone Jaegal and Joseph Kahny, owners of the Mammoth mines in Backbone District, visited that property Wednesday.~


Bailey School District

See:  Lassen > Bailey



Locality 15 miles south-southest of LaMoine along McCloud River. Now covered by waters of Shasta Lake - Baird Caves, aka Stoneman Caves, now Lake Shasta Caverns National Natural Landmark, located northeast of Baird on the east side of McCloud River - Post Office - United States Fish Hatchery - McCloud River - Civilian Conservation Corps - 

1872, Livingston Stone named the Fish Hatchery Baird for Professor Spencer F. Baird (1823-1887), the first United States commissioner of Fisheries. Stone with the help of his assistants Myron Green and William T. Perrin established the Fish Hatchery beginning in 1872 located 18 miles north of Redding on the McCloud River.

The flood of 1881 ravaged the camp, so the hatchery building, boarding house and stable were built new on higher ground.

The Salmon Breeding Station closed 1883/1884 during the disturbances caused by building of the railroad in the Sacramento River Canyon.

In 1888, Baird re-opened to supply eggs to the newly established Sisson Hatchery.

During later years, Baird Hatchery was primarily a handling station for eggs from Battle Creek and Mill Creek hatcheries and by 1935 she closed.

The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) existed from 1933 to 1942 and was known to have occupied the hatchery buildings in 1941-42 and possibly sooner.

Baird's fate was forever sealed with the building of Shasta Dam and the holding waters covering the site in 1943-44.~

1878 April 8,  The 4th Class Post Office was established at Baird, Shasta, California,  on 8 April 1878 to serve the community that had grown up around the United States Fish Hatchery of the same name.

Myron Green, of the Salmon Breeding Station, served as the first Postmaster.~ 

1878 April 8, Myron Green, Postmaster.~

1878 May 6, Mrs. Eva Green, Postmaster.~

1878 May 13, San Francisco Bulletin - PACIFIC COAST POSTAL CHANGES - Postmaster Appointed - Mrs. Eva Greene, Baird, Shasta County.~

1879 November 24, James A. Richardson, Postmaster.~

In 1881, a Mr. Richardson was listed as postmaster. Lawrence Bass also kept the general store and the post office within. In 1885, R. Radcliff was listed as postmaster.~

1882 December 18, J. M. Willey, Postmaster.~

1883 January 9, Robert Radcliff, Postmaster.~

1891 January 22, Joseph Bass, Postmaster.~

1915 May 20, Searchlght, Redding, California - S.S. Bass, Foreman of the fishery at Baird, came to Redding by the all rail route from Wyndham Wednesday morning.~

1915 October 1, Searchlight, Redding, California - INTO HIS NEW STORE - J.L. Bass, the merchant who was burned out at the fishery over a month ago, this week put his stock into his new building near the Baird Hotel, a mile further south thatn the old site, and, on the line of the state highway. Following the fire, Mr. Bass conducted business in a tent. He is now better quartered than he was before the fire.~

1918 July 5, Dean H. Briggs, Postmaster.~

1920 January 31, Post Office discontinued.~

1929 October 16, Mrs. Nancy R. Frick, Postmaster for the re-established Baird Post Office.~

1933 August 15, Baird Post Office discontinued and service moved to Ydalpom.~