1882, Containing 400 inhabitants, this place lies twelve miles east of Anderson and has a good mountain trade.~

1883, Millville, the principal agricultural town in the county east of the Sacramento River is twenty miles from Shasta. It is in a flourishing condition, and is im,proving rapidly. Many tasteful residences adoring the place. Besides a first-class flouring mill, the prominent buildings include a school house, church, Masonic, Odd Fellows, Grange and Good Templar halls. Population, 600.~

1884, Real Estate Transfer, J.D. Overmeyer and wife to John Wheatley; Farmers Hotel Millville, $1,100.~

1901 June 25, Evening Tribune, Redding, Cal. June 25 - While driving unattended this morning from his home at Millville to Anderson, Herman Frederick Ross, one of the earliest pioneers of Shasta County was thrown to the ground and killed while his team was running away. 


Northern California Power Company

There will be entries for Northern California Power Company under Tehama County also.

1902 March 17, Evening Tribune(San Diego, California) - Redding, Cal. March 17 - The Northern California Power Company has been formed with a capital stock of $2,000,000 to absorb the Keswick Electric Power Company of this city, the Redding Power Company, the Redding Electric Light and Power Company and the Tehama County Electric and Light Company of Red Bluff. The plant of the last named corporation was recently nearly ruined by fire but the lines of wire are all in good shape. H. H. Noble will be the president of the greater company.

Mr. Noble announces that the new company will soon have wires down the Sacramento Valley as far as Willows, Glenn County, and will later reach further down the valley for business.

The company will increase the present plant of the Keswick Power Company on Mill Seat Creek in this county. There is at present machinery at the plant for the creation of 3,000 horse power with available water rights for the creation of 12,000. A line of wire is now being run from here to Red Bluff, which is already connected with Corning by the wires of the burned out power company, so the absorbing company corporation will soon be able to light the people of the Maywood Colony and then the lines will be run to Orland, Glenn County and later to Willows, the County Seat.~

1907 February 5, San Jose Mercury News - Kennett, Feb. 4 - For some unaccountable reason the transformer which is located on the line of the Northern California Power Company burned out and caused the main wire carrying 20,000 volts to melt by the intense heat. The arm of the transformer was melted off and the pole caught fire. When the wires fell to the ground the ends were a few feet apart, but the intense current caused an arc of several feet to form, which was intensely brilliant, and appeared similar to sudden successive flashes of lightning.~

1907 February 10, San Jose Mercury News, Redding Feb 9 - The Northern California Power Company, which furnishes gas and electric lights as well as water to the residents of Redding, has been charging what it pleased for lights and gas though the rates for water are fixed annually by city ordinances.

A petition is in circulation this week asking the City Trustees to enact an ordinance establishing rates for gas and light as many patrons believe the rates established by the company are not equitable. The Trustees will take some action next week.~


Old Diggings Mine District

I recently found a map of the mines within the Old Diggings District of Shasta County California. Thirty seven total listed on this map on which I cannot find a date.

Alta, Texas #2, Hellia (Hollis?), Sam Houston, Texas, Georgia, Belcher, Mammoth (2), Garfield, Top Notch, Hidden Treasure, Lexington, Central, Sampson, Summit, Happy Thought, Spanish, Kit Carson, Donkey, Evening Star, Progress, Mt. Shasta, Bavaria, Old Aunt, Tott, Union, Flagstaff, Western Star, North Pole, Little Annie, Providence, Home, Mary Ann, Jupiter, Lookout, Josephine.~

1871, Old Diggings - The Mammoth occupied by I. Isaacs - Pacific Coast Business Directory for California, 1871-1873, published 1871, Shasta county, Quartz Mills for Gold counted on November 1, 1870.~





1871,The Parkville Post Office was established 9 January 1871 on the west side of the road from Ball's Ferry to Millville and on the south bank of the slough about 200 yards north of the Ash Creek Bridge. It was a small log house on land belonging to William W. Smith who became the first postmaster.

The mail arrived to the Parkville Post Office and the Battle Creek Post Office by way of a special stage from Red Bluff. (The California-Oregon stages had ceased to run this route in 1865.)

When the Parkville Post Office was discontinued in favor of the Ball's Ferry hotel location (1875), the Railroad had arrived (1872) and a stage line had been set up to Shingletown.~

This village in Shasta County and the Parkville District were named for John W. Park who settled at the mouth of Bear Creek in 1850. The Parkville district was organized in 1861 and ten years later the district established a Post Office on 9 January 1871, with William W. Smith as the first postmaster. The Post Office was supposedly discontinued in October of 1875 with Ball's Ferry serving the locale.

In this Great Register for the County of Shasta, California in 1877,however, Jeremiah Cochran is listed as the postmaster. Another interesting fact is that this is not a residential location for miners. The occupations are varied and four men are listed as Rafter or Rafts man. The Rafts men were connected with lumbering and the conveyance of the wood on the Sacramento River.

8, William Walters ASBURY, USA, Farmer; 30, Joseph Wallace ADAMS, New York, Merchant; 119, Leonard Timothy BENTON, Indiana, Teamster; 303, Jeremiah COCHRAN, USA, Postmaster; 423, George DERSCH, Bavaria, Farmer (Shasta Co.); 424, Frederick DERSCH, Bavaria, farmer (Shasta Co.); 455, William Ashall DEXTER, New York, Blacksmith; 526, William Henry Harrison ESPY, Pennsylvania, Bull Driver; 528, Frank William EAMES, Kentucky, Raftsman; 573, Daniel FISHER, Pennsylvania, Blacksmith; 664, George Washington GEAROTTE, Illinois, Rafter; 726, Christian HICKS, USA, Farmer; 727, Joseph HARBISON, USA, Farmer; 728, John Corkins HEACOCK, USA, Teamster; 759, Cunningham HARRINGTON, Ohio, Teamster; 762, John Rush HOLLINGSWORTH, South Carolina, Laborer; 891, Benjamin A. B. JENKINS, Pennsylvania, Tinner; 917, Miles Newton KIRK, USA, Farmer; 1023, Jermiah Thomas LOVEALL, Illinois, Farmer; 1200, Giles Watson MUNSEY, Virginia, Teamster; 1201, Aurelius Newton MUNSEY, Virginia, Farmer; 1271. Thomas Jefferson OWEN, Missouri, Laborer; 1280, John Henry OSBORN, New York, Rafter; 1316, John PRICE, Ohio, Farmer; 1326, William Franklin PHARO, Virginia, Stockraiser; 1420, William Fenner RICHARDSON, Illinois, Blacksmith; 1458, Daniel Carter RICHARDSON, Tennessee, Carpenter; 1697, Ezekial Thomas THATCHER, USA, Farmer; 1708, Henry Morgan THACKER, Louisiana, Farmer; 1775, William Sample WILCOX, USA, Farmer; 1788, James Fletcher WINSELL, USA, Physician; 1851, John Gus WILSON, USA, Farmer; 1855, William Henry WILSON, Iowa, Rafter.~

PARKVILLE SCHOOL Per Bertha Maynard notes:

1861, Miss Wright was the first teacher in 1861 and again in 1893. Samuel Witherow began his teaching career at Parkville in 1875. The teachers from 1883-1893 were:  John McCarty, Mrs. Webb, Miss Jones, Mrs. Bainbridge, Cora Garden, Mrs. McDonald, Frank Love, Free Oliphant and Miss Myers. In 1905 the school building became obsolete and a new one was built about a mile further north on the same road.

Per Rosena A. Giles, 1946:  Parkville, about four miles above Ball's Ferry, had the winter influx of the mill families from the mountains. It was named for its founder, Stephen Parks, and supported a school by private subscription. When later, the Sheldon School District was set off, the land site was donated by Major Sheldon who owned the Gover & Wilcox land. His condition was that the schoolhouse should never be used for dancing. That trust was never betrayed. It was used for church services, Sunday school, Christmas Festivals and sining school, but the walls never echoed the ringing strains of "Old Zip Coon" or "Turkey in the Straw," nor the later "Aarrahawanna" and "After the Ball." In time, the old building was torn down and a new one built by private subscription. This too, gave place to progress and the district was annexed to Cottonwood in the early 1920's.~



Pawnee Post Office

1892,"In July 1892, the Robert Crews family traded the Burney homestead for a ranch on old Cow Creek near the Oak Grove school house. Ed, Etta and Bob were still living at home at this time. Since it was 15 miles to the nearest town, the neighbors in the Oak Grove district petitioned for a local post office. As Grandma Crews had been post mistress before and knew how to fill out all of the necessary reports, she was made post mistress and was asked to suggest a name. She suggested "Pawnee", the name of the Indians she knew in Missouri. Having the post office in the Crews home brought the neighbors in for the mail regularly."  - Oscar Leo Brauer, Grandson with Robert A. Crews, Son.~

1894, History of California Post Offices 1849-1976- 4th class post office established 18 August 1894 located 7 miles W of Whitmore and 10 miles E of Millville. Name suggested by Crews family for their favorite Indian tribe. "Officially" Robert Crews 1st Postmaster (see above entry.). On 30 August 1902 the location was discontinued and service moved to Millville.~



1880 April 3, San Francisco Bulletin - Extremely cold weather in Shasta County last week. A storm occurred last Friday at Redding, in which the hail poured down as large as marbles, entirely covering the ground in a few minutes. A hail storm also prevailed on Monday.~

1880 October 7, Redding - (notes from Behrens-Eaton Research Library) - Bush and Johnson loaded teams for the following places (53 loads in one week):  Lake View, Oregon; Etna; Junction City; Douglas City; Fort Jones; Lewiston; Trinity Center; New Pine Creek; Callahan's Ranch; Scott Bar; Ashland, Oregon; Whiskytown (for Woodward); French Gulch (for E. Franck & C. Plumb); Shasta (for F. Litsch, Quong Sing and Koon Chung); Yreka; Weaverville.~

1880 October 9, San Francisco Bulletin - Redding freighters are busy. Twenty-one wagons were counted at one time loading at the Redding Depot this week. Northern merchants are now laying in their winter stock of goods.~

1881 March 7, San Francisco Bulletin -B. B. Redding has given a fine bell to the Presbyterian Church in Redding, Shasta County.~

1881 April 16, Shasta Courier- The Catholics have enclosed their grave yard with a neat and substantial fence. The location selected is a fine one.~

1881 May 28, Shasta Courier - The Catholic Cemetery has been securely fenced and the efficient work performed thereon, stands as a monument of John Hoey's faithful labor and mechanical genius.~

1881 May 30, San Francisco Bulletin - The Catholic Cemetery at Redding was consecrated last week.~

1881 June 2, Redding Independent - Consecrated Burial Ground - Last Thursday the new Catholic burying ground was consecrated by Re. Bishop Monogue of Marysville, assisted by Revs. Hunt of Red Bluff and Haupts of Yreka. McNevin and family and Gartland and family of French Gulch were present as were also the families of Conroy, Chappell, Scammon, McNeill and others. The ceremony was quite impressive.~

1881 June 30, Redding Independent - George Groves, Proprietor of Express & stage Line:  Leaves Redding every morning at eight o'clock for Shasta and leaves Shasta for Redding at 3 o'clock P.M. Prompt and particular attention paid to receiving and delivering light freight or small packages.~

1881 December 1, Redding Independent - Remember the Dead - Yesterday, in company with R.G. Dunn, we visited the new Catholic Cemetery. . .We understand to Messrs. Conroy and Dunn of the Catholic portion of our community are indebted for this fine cemetery, as well as the improvements made thereon.~

1890 May 19, Examiner - ". . .One of the finest edifices in the city is the Odd Fellows' building, two stories high and with an iron and glass front, while another unusually imposing structure is that erected for and occupied by the Bank of Northern California. Like all the other structures of recent erection it is of brick, but has an ornamental main entrance composed of native sandstone. The Masons are now on the eve of beginning the construction of a temple, which the local members of the order good-naturedly declare must and shall be just a little bit better than that owned by the Odd Fellows."~

1894 October 24, Evening News, Redding, Cal., October 24 - Redding was visited yesterday at 5 p.m. with a heavy cloudburst which flooded the streets, choked sewers and water drains, and raising all small streams so that they ran torrents for a few hours. The storm lasted for half an hour. During that time the rain poured in almost a sheet of water. Clinesmith and A. Ludwig, who had been out in Burney Valley, were caught in the storm about three miles north of here, and in attempting to cross Sulphur Creek, both horses were drowned and the men narrowly escaped the same fate. The Redding and Weaverville stage was held at Middle Creek all night, on account of Salt Creek being impassable. A small landslide on the railroad near Middle Creek delayed the southbound overland train for a short time.~

1907 June 19, San Jose Mercury News, Redding, June 18 -Constable Moran, of French Gulch, nearly lost a prisoner on his way to the Redding jail. James Vernon had been sentenced to ninety days for disturbing the peace, and the constable handcuffed him and place him in a room of the Empire hotel ready for the stage drive next morning to Redding. Vernon got out of the room, sawed the handcuffs off and traveled a few miles to Lowden's Ranch, at which place he was captured without resistance while asleep in a barn.~

1908 December 4, Shasta Courier -  The local Aerie of Eagles [Redding] held an annual election of officers Wednesday evening and the following citizens were elected for the ensuing term. C .F. Kimball, president; M. D. Lack, vice president; J. E. Barber, chaplain; August Albrecht, financial secretary; Theodore Zeis, treasurer; Ernest Gerwitz, inside guard; Frank Burton, outside guard; D.M. Burson, past president; Roy Ferrell, George  Gronwoldt and V. C. Snelling, trustees.~

1917 May 22, San Jose Mercury News, Redding, Cal., May 21: KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS IN CONVENTION AT REDDING, SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA DELEGATION INCLUDES POLICEMAN'S BANDHundreds of delegates gathered here today for the opening of the five-day sessions of the 48th annual convention of the Knights of Pythias and 26th annual convention of the Pythian Sisters. A delegation on a special train from southern California included a Los Angeles Policeman's band.~

1918 February 1, Shasta Courier- Thomas B. Smith, the pioneer, has sold his two-story residence on Chestnut Street, between Placer and Butte, to Mrs. Mary E. Kidder, who recently sold her farm near Ono and moved to Redding. At present the residence is occupied by the family of Charles J. Elliott, the barber.~

1948 February 6, San Diego Union-Redding, Feb 7 (AP) An invitation has been extended to President Truman to attend the Western Star Lodge's gold centennial celebration May 10 at the nearby mining town of Shasta. The Western Star Lodge, oldest of the State's Masonic Lodges, was chartered by the Grand Lodge in Missouri of which the President is a member.~

1958 May 17, Redding Record Searchlight - "The seven Sisters of Mercy who are teachers at the St. Joseph school and the lay teacher, Mrs. Lightfoot, will be the guests of honor at an afternoon silver tea to be given in the parish hall of the St. Joseph Catholic Church tomorrow. . ."~


Round Mountain

Round Mountain, the community is named for Round Mountain the peak that sits behind the dwellings and not far from Montgomery Creek (the creek and community) in Shasta County, California along Highway 299 E. The Postal Authority established the first Post Office in Round Mountain 12 June 1872 with George W. Jackson as the first postmaster.

The Post Office for this locale had a record of "jumping around." It moved in 1873, 1874, 1877, 1882, and 1915.

The Great Register for the County of Shasta, California, 1877, listed the following residents:

32, Silvester ALPAUGH, New York, Farmer; 46, Charles ALZAMORA, Spain, Baker (Naturalization through Father); 216, James Reuben BURGOON, Ohio, Carpenter; 223, Obadiah Ethelbert BAKER, New York, School Teacher; 228, James Nathan BELL, Virginia, Physician; 231, John Wiley BOWEN, Tennessee, Carpenter; 232, William Thomas BENNETT, Pennsylvania, Farmer; 240, William Charles BOYLAN, New York, Machinest; 243, Lea BURCH, Kentucky, Farmer; 320, James Harvey CONE, Vermont, Stock Dealer; 327, Uriah CALDWELL, England, Farmer (San Francisco Co., CA); 339, William Brainard CALDWELL, Massachusetts, Miner; 345, William CUNNINGHAM, Alabama, Miner; 349, William Bigler CHANDLER, Missouri, Miner; 354, Charles Frederick CARTWRIGHT, New York, Blacksmith; 358, James Monroe CRAMER, Ohio, Tanner; 359, John Castilo CHAMBERS, Missouri, Millman; 371, Madison COSELMAN, Illinois, Engineer; 446, Ason DAVIS, New York, Farmer; 489, James Bennett DYER, Iowa, Blacksmith; 532, Leipe EILER [Lupe EILERS], Hanover, Blacksmith (Shasta Co.) - jf; 591, William Henry FENDER, Indiana, Carpenter; 592, John Theodore FRULAN, Sweden, Miner; 613, Calwell Andrew FITE, North Carolina, Farmer; 787, Benjamin Bowman HAWKINS, Ohio, Farmer; 788, Benjamin Franklin HAWKINS, Illinois, Milkman; 813, Henderson HALCUMB, USA, Farmer; 814, John Condy HOWE, USA, Tollgate Keeper; 826, Richard Wilkinson HAYNES, Missouri, Miner - jf; 833, James L. HAZELTON, New Hampshire, Miner; 834, Lyman HOTALING, New York, Carpenter; 903, William Henry JOYCE, USA, Teamster; 942, Amos KYKENDALL, New York, Stockraiser; 948, Thomas KENNEDY, Illinois, Miner; 967, Allen KELLS, New york, Miner; 1043, Alexander LITTLEJOHN, Scotland, Shoemaker (Seneca, New York); 1139, James Flack McBRIDE, USA, Laborer; 1185, John Fletcher McCOMBER, USA, Stockraiser; 1187, William McCOMBER, USA, Farmer; 1189, William Pearce McKEAN, Ohio, Farmer; 1194, Alexander McKAY, Scotland, laborer (St. Louis, Missouri); 1197, Abram MILLER, Oregon, Laborer; 1199, William MORELY, USA, Farmer; 1202, Forrest Hale MORELY, Iowa, Teamster; 1205, Joseph MILES, Indiana, Miner; 1206, Samuel G. MEDLEY, Kentucky, Farmer; 1209, David A. McKAY, New York, Glovemaker; 1224, Daniel Russel McCONNELL, USA, Teamster; 1238, Daniel McLANE, Scotland, Farmer; 1239, Charles Alonzo MUSICK, California, Stockraiser; 1245, Walter Brown MARBLE, Oregon, Farmer; 1429. Richard RILEY, Ireland, Miner; 1441, Frederick ROCHON, New York, Lumberman; 1445, Absalom ROBINSON, Missouri, Farmer; 1479, Hilary Marceilus RATCLIFF, North Carolina, Teamster; 1591, Alfred STANLEY, Tennessee, Farmer; 1624, John COWHICK, Illinois, Lumberman; 1650, Thomas SHERIDAN, Ireland, Miner (Lancaster Co., Wisconsin); 1654, Thomas Jefferson SULLIVAN, Tennessee, Miner; 1677, Isaac STROUD, Iowa, Laborer; 1678, Abner SWARTZWELTER, Ohio, Saloon Keeper; 1740, John Nathaniel THOMAS, Illinois, Farmer; 1744, John Seldon TRACY, Illinois, Teamster; 1766, James Harvey VAN EMON, Ohio, Blacksmith; 1903, Henry Hamilton WRIGHT, Illinois, Farmer; 1911, James Franklin WELCH, Wisconsin, Millman; 1912, Robinson WRIGHT, USA, Blacksmith; 1915, Jacob WOLF, Ohio, Miner; 1927, Harmon YOUNG, New York, Farmer.~


"The California, Shasta and Eastern Railway Company which once carried forest products from Round Mountain and Bella Vista to Anderson will 'wind up and dissolve.'

It's route is now used as an access road to the Deschutes Lumber Company's timber.

The road stopped operating shortly after the Terry Lumber Company was acquired by the Red River Lumber Company, just before World War I. The decision to lay the old railroad to rest came at a stockholder's meeting in Westwood May 20, 1946. The documents were filed with the Shasta County clerk.

The railroad was used to transport lumber from a sawmill at Round Mountain and a box factory and planing mill at Bella Vista. The access road which replaces it today is now getting its finishing touches applied by Supervisor C. E. Colby's road crew. The steel rails were taken up several years ago.

Fletcher L. Walker, president of the railroad, and Leon B. Walker, secretary, are also officers of the Red River Lumber Company which is itself in liquidation."

Newspaper article found in the Myra Giles Scrapbook at the Shasta Historical Society. There isn't a date on this particular article, but it is on a page with Terry Mill pictures dated Thursday, December 18, 1947.~


Shasta City

1850 October 7, Alta California -"Shasta City is the extreme head of navigation for wagons; oxen teams can go no farther. The absence of transportation in winter caused a shortage of food, and prices of food stuff went very high. This led to the establishment of many mule pack trains coming into Shasta from the south and extending on north and west into all of the newly discovered gold mining areas."~

1851 February 6,  Placer Times -"Gold was found in Clear Creek about a mile from Sacramento River, discovery earlier up stream in 1849. In the beginning, the town of Shasta was known as Reading Springs, being named after Colonel [Major] Reading, who discovered gold in Trinity River in July of 1849. The name of Shasta or Shasta City was adopted on June 8, 1850. There was a sort of a road, passable in good weather into Shasta from the south, which became impassable after winter storms started."~

1851 May 9, ". . . Shasta has the distinction of having the oldest Masonic Lodge in California - Western Star No. 2. A Masonic lodge was organized the same month in San Francisco, but the members of the Shasta lodge were forced to relinquish their claim for the first number because in San Francisco met several days before they did. Peter Lassen brought the charter from Missouri for this first Masonic lodge. He had intended, however, that it be situated in Benton City, but when he arrived he found that Shasta was the more live and growing city. The grand lodge, on May 9, 1851, gave authority to move this lodge to Shasta. The Masonic Hall was built in 1854, and it is still in excellent preservation." -Portion of an undated article pasted in the Myra Giles Scrapbook to be found at the Shasta Historical Society.

1851 May 31, California Gazette - The following post offices have recently been established, and postmasters established:  Bidwell's Bar, Butte Co, E. Shepard; Centerville, Nevada County, Mr. Cleveland; Mariposa, Mariposa County, Mr. Edwards; Mokelumne Hill, Calaveras County, James B. McKinney; Double Springs, Calaveras County, David Shaw; Shasta, Shasta County, R.W. Crenshaw.~

1852 - Winter - The Diary of August Grotefund, 1849-1853 published in Shasta Historical Society's 1993 Covered Wagon - Shasta City: "There being no church, we had in them days a very efficient Preacher by the name of Hill, who set his pulpit in front of the St. Charles Hotel, and served the Lord gathering in all kinds of people around him; some that meant worship and enjoyed it, others who listened to some thing they had probably never heard before. In the meantime of his preaching there would be Horse auctioning, and drunkards singing their own merry song, which presented a strange mixture."

"The Rev. John Hill was a Methodist preacher. As Edward Petersen writes, Hill 'won an immediate place in the annals of Shasta's history when he threw a drunken heckler off a hotel balcony because the bully had questioned the parson's right to use the street for the preaching of the gospel'."~

1852 March 19, Alta California - " A newspaper, Shasta Courier has been started in Shasta. Owing to the heavy snows in the mountains, communication with Trinity County has been cut off. On March 20, there was 6 inches of snow in Shasta."~

1852 April 15, Sacramento Weekly Union - The Independent Order of Odd Fellows, are about organizing a lodge at Shasta.~

1852 July 27, San Francisco Evening Journal - The Shasta Courier of Monday last says:  the streets of our town were a lively spectacle yesterday. Several large trains passed through on their way to Siskiyou and Trinity counties. Other trains were loaded and sent out by Shasta merchants.~

1853 May 19, Missouri Courier - A late California paper contains an account of a shooting affair at Shasta City, and the execution of the murderer by the citizens. The parties in the affray were James Noland, a gambler, and Mr. Murdoch, trader. The dispute arose about a "point of honor" while engaged in a game of Monte. Noland shot Murdoch, and was hung the same day by the people.~

1853 June 25, Shasta Courier - Father Flonan [Florian] has recently purchased a lot from Mr. Wills [Wilz], in the east portion of our town [Shasta City]. We learn that Father Flonan [Florian], assisted by the members of his church, intend building a house to be used as a place of worship by persons of the Catholic persuasion. It will probably be built within two months from this time.~

1854 March 9, Daily Democratic State Journal - The Methodist Episcopalians have no minister in Shasta. The Courier says that the presiding elder is empowered to supply the vacancy, but that he need not take the trouble unless he can find a man of at least respectable talents.~

1855 January 23, Daily Democratic State Journal- MEETING OF MINERS - The miners of the different precincts of Shasta County, assembled in Shasta City, on the 18th inst. and passed resolutions, prohibiting and expelling Chinamen from that county. After the resolutions above referred to were adopted others were passed forbidding Chinamen from working any claims in the county after 25th of February, and requesting all persons who have Chinamen in their employ, to dismiss them after the time above referred to. Two of the delegates to the convention from Clear Creek precinct protested against the adoption of the resolution expelling the Chinamen.~

1857 June 20, Daily Globe (San Francisco, CA) - BIRTHS:  At Shasta, on the 12th inst., the wife of A. Cadwell, of a daughter.~

1858 February 2, Daily Democratic State Journal - The new Hall for the use of the Odd Fellows Society in Shasta, was dedicated with appropriate ceremonies on Monday, one week ago.~ 

1858 February 6, San Joaquin Republican - The Odd Fellows of Shasta dedicated their new Hall on Monday of last week.~

1860 June 20, San Francisco Bulletin - A fire broke out at Shasta on the 16th of June, on the roof of a wooden building situated on Main Street, between the Empire Hotel (a brick building) and Loag's block of fire-proof buildings. The wooden building was entirely destroyed and other damage sustained. W.W. Turk & Co's losses were about $1500.; Mrs. Jones, $1000.; The Empire Hotel, $2500. The cause of the fire was unknown.~

1874 August 25, Territorial Enterprise (Virginia City, Nevada) - Shasta, August 24 - All the preparations for the execution of Baker and Crouch on Wednesday are completed. Baker still continues his bragadocia manner, apparently reckless of his fate.~

1875 March 12, Weekly Journal Miner (Prescott, Arizona) - Jerry Culverhouse, one of the best little men in California, got shot in the face with a load of buckshot by a stage robber, because he would not stop the stage to let them rob it, last month, between Shasta and Reading. At last accounts there were fears that he would lose his right eye.

The Stage Co., Wells, Fargo & Co., Sheriff and Governor ought to offer a reward of $10,000 each for the capture of the murderous scoundrel that did the shooting.

Why can't a robber exercise a little humanity in his profession, like other people, and not go to shooting as ggood as man as Jerry. He ought to be tried and hung. We were about to say hung without trial, but that is not the right way, try him first in all cases.~

1878 May 18, Shasta Courier - In 1878 there were five separate and distinct cemeteries in the town of Shasta, namely: Catholic, Protestant, Masons/Odd Fellows, Hebrew and Chinese.

1890 April 5, Themis - The Shasta Courier is now thirty-eight years of age. This is certainly a ripe age for a California newspaper. It is entitled to rank with the older members of the press. Indeed, the Courier is part of the history of the State. We venture that an inspection of the early numbers would disclose much that would be exceedingly valuable today. Thirty-eight years ago, the father of one of the editors of Themis had valuable property in Shasta County. We say to our neighbor, keep up your lick; your work has only commenced. ~

1899 December 15, The Morning Searchlight (Redding, CA) - J.M. Bassett of Shasta, the Empire Hotel landlord, was among the Thursday evening visitors in the county metropolis.~

1948 February 6, San Diego Union-Redding, Feb 7 (AP) An invitation has been extended to President Truman to attend the Western Star Lodge's gold centennial celebration May 10 at the nearby mining town of Shasta. The Western Star Lodge, oldest of the State's Masonic Lodges, was chartered by the Grand Lodge in Missouri of which the President is a member.~


Shasta County 

1852 December 1, Alta California - In 1852, various communities in Shasta County contributed to the Washington Monument! "From Shasta precinct $86.50; Quartz Hill $7.00; Oak Bottom $4.50; Mule Town $5.00; Lower Springs $9.50; Horse Town $26.50; French Gulch $25.00; Whisky Creek $36.75; Eagle Creek $7.50; Middletown $6.60; Cottonwood $7.80; One Dog Town $7.00 and Red Bluff $20.00."~

1855 January 26, Daily Democratic State Journal (Sacramento, California) - Postmasters/Offices as of 15th Day April 1854:  Cottonwood, Shasta, David C. Hamilton; Horsetown, Shasta, George W. Baker; Kilna, Shasta, William Potter; Red Bluffs, Shasta, S. M. Bishop; Shasta, Shasta, D. H. Harrell.~

1855, Public Highways

Shasta - Red Bluff via Briggsville; Shasta - Upper Mountain House via Whiskeytown; Shasta - French Gulch via Main Street; Shasta - Squaw Creek via Waugh's Ferry; High Street via schoolhouse, courthouse, sheriff's office, St. Charles lot.; End of High Street, run to Main via Methodist Church, Trinity House and Trinity Avenue; Stockton & Andrews Bridge to Muletown via Horsetown; Jackass Flat to Bald Hills via Horsetown, Stockton & Andrews Bridge; Conger's Ranch to Seldon and Atkins sawmill on Clear Creek; Lean's Ferry via Cottonwood to McComber's Mill via Daingerfield's Ferry and Smith Ranch; Daingerfield Ferry to Jones & Shepperson's via Battle Creek crossing.~

1855 July 28, The Shasta Courier - RACING- The race between Tanner's mare "Lucy" and Harvey's bay horse "Billy" for a purse of $1000.00 - distance 350 yards - will come off, over Bell's Course on Clear Creek on Sunday, August 5th.

Other race tracks noted in Shasta County in newspaper articles between 1855 and 1859, were at Oak Bottom and the Cannon House Course.~

Members of Western Star Lodge #2 have formed three other Lodges in Shasta County.

1857, The first was Clinton Lodge #119 Under Dispensation of The Grand Lodge of California dated June 27, 1857, Chartered on May 17, 1858, at Horsetown and subsequently moving to Piety Hill and then to Igo (all three locations near Clear Creek). Clinton Lodge later consolidated back into Western Star Lodge #2 on October 15, 1936. Next came Northern Light Lodge #190, Dispensation issued on May 14, 1868, Chartered on October 15, 1868, at Millville. Last was Redding Lodge #254, Dispensation issued on February 22, 1879, Chartered on October 16, 1879, Redding.- Retrieved from on 12 June 2012.~

1857 August 13, San Francisco Bulletin - The Shasta Courier learns, from the assessment roll of that county, just completed, that the tax-list for the present years amounts to the sum of $1,994,018.25, being $136,000 greater than last year's assessment.

Of stock, there are in the county: 920 horses; 701 mules; 14 jackasses; 814 work cattle; 1,214 cows; 5,244 hogs; 75 sheep; 5,520 chickens.

No notice has been made of turkeys and geese.

Of improvements, there are:  16 sawmills, costing $20.000.; 4 quartz mills, costing $18,000.; 9 ferries; 5 toll bridges.

Amount of poll-tax paid in is $2,810.75; Hospital tax collected, $4,333.25.~

1858 January 23, Shasta Courier - County Officers for the year 1858:  District Judge:  William T. Daingerfield of Shasta; County Judge:  Joel T. Landrum; Associate Justices:  J.B. Steward & William Knowlton; County Treasurer:  James Hayburn; County Clerk:  H.I. Van Horn; Sheriff:  H. Clay Stockton; Under sheriff:  John Dent; County Assessor:  W. H. Angell; County Surveyor:  E. Linn; Public Administrator:  Benjamin Swasey; District Attorney:  James D. Mix; School Commissioner:  G.K. Godfrey; County Physician:  Dr. James E. Pelham; Board of Supervisors:  1st District - Samuel Payne; 2nd District - William B. Stoddard; 3rd District - D.C. Johnson; Township Officers:  Shasta Township, Justice of the Peace, H. A. Curtis, E.K. Shea; Constables, Robert O. DeWitt, R.R. Smee; Clear Creek Township:  Justices William Knowlton, James Eby; French Gulch Township:  Justice J.B. Stewart; Sierra Township:  Justice S.D. Baker; Pit River Township:  Justice J. M. Hunt

Shasta County Courts:  Held on the first Mondays of February, April, June, August, October and December. At said terms the business pertaining to the Court of Sessions shall first be disposed of and after that the business of the County Court and Probate Court in such order as the judge may determine.

Board of Supervisors meet the first Mondays in February, May, August, November.~

1860 June 9, San Joaquin Republican (Stockton, California) - The Shasta Courier says, in that county the fruit crop bids fair to be unusually abundant. The peach trees especially are heavily laden. The vines are also uninjured.~

1871, According to the Pacific Coast Business Directory for 1871-1873, the following areas were served by the  following post offices and usually an Express Service:

American Ranch - Elias Anderson, Postmaster

Adams Ferry, American Ranch, Foster's Ranch,  and Ludwig's Bridge.

Horsetown - William Goodall, Postmaster

Arbuckle, Bald Hills, Eagle Creek, Gas Point, Horsetown, Janesville, Piety Hill, Roaring River, Texas Springs, and Watson Gulch.

Shasta - L. Wellendorf, Postmaster

Bass Ranch, Bell's Bridge, Buckeye, Centerville, Churntown, Clear Creek near Bell's Bridge, Copper City,  Cottonwood (if not Tehama Co.), Dog Creek, Igo, Lower Springs, Magee's Store, Middletown, Oakland Ferry, Shasta, Shingletown,  and Whiskeytown.

Millville - John Wheatley, Postmaster

Caten's [Cayton], Fort Crook, Millville.

French Gulch - Thompson Plumb, Postmaster

French Gulch, Mountain House and Tower House

Portugull - William T. Smith, Postmaster

Hazel Creek, Portuguese Flat, Portugull, Slate Creek, and Soda Springs.

Stillwater - John S.P. Bass, Postmaster


And until Burgettville of northeastern Shasta County got it's post office, the place was served by Shasta.~

1872 June 28, Jackson Citizen Patriot - Laws of the United States Passed at the Second Session of the 42nd Congress:

From Red Bluff via Roaring River, Janesville, Igo, Piety Hill, Horsetown and Middletown to Shasta City

From Shasta City via Millville, Phillips Ranch, Round Mountain, Littrells Ranch, Vayton Valley, Burney Valley. Burney Falls, Pit river, Burgettville, Fall river Valley, Big Valley, Davidson's Ranch, Mayfields Mills, Whitfields Crossing, Ash Creek, Adin, McDevitts Mills, Townsends Ranch, Steel Bros Ranch, Hot Springs Valley, Butte Mountain, Dorrisburg, Franklins Store, Goose Lake and Fort Bidwell to Lake City~

1871, The Pacific Coast Business Directory of 1871-73 listed the following sawmills for Shasta County:

Battle Creek - Ball's- 1 saw- capacity 3000 feet per day - water power- cost $6000 - H. S. Ball, Occupant

Battle Creek - Klotz - 3 saws - capacity 6000 feet per day - water power - cost $12000. - Klotz & Company

Bear Creek - Carver's - 1 saw - capacity 1500 feet per day - water power - cost $2000 - W. S. Carver

Churn Creek - Myer's - 1 saw - capacity 2000 feet per day - water power - cost $3000 - George H. Myers

Clear Creek - Camden's - 1 saw - capacity 1500 feet per day - water power - cost $6000 - Charles Camden

Cow Creek - Winegar's - 1 saw - capacity 2000 feet per day - water power - cost $2000 - Carter & Company

French Gulch - Hunter's - 1 saw - capacity 1000 feet per day - water power - cost $1500 - Hunter &  Co.

Oak Run - Predmore's - 1 saw - capacity 3000 feet per day - water power - cost $4000. -  J. H. Predmore

Spring Creek - Spring Creek - 1 saw - capacity 3000 feet per day - water power - cost $7000 - Woodward & Company

Whiskytown - Crocker's - 1 saw - capacity 2000 feet per day - water power - cost $2500 - E. F. Crocker

Whiskytown - Fleming's - 1 saw - capacity 2500 feet per day - water power - cost $2500 - John Fleming~

1878 March 26, Territorial Enterprise (Virginia City, Nevada) -

The nomenclature of Shasta (Cal.) towns is not classical. A correspondent writes to a contemporary: "The beauty of one stream is expressed by the choice name of Dog Creek; another is Cow Creek, while one of the prettiest towns in the county rejoices in the exhilarating title of Whiskytown. Among the principle villages are also Bullskin City, Muletown, Hogtown and Sourkraut."~

1879 July 18, San Francisco Bulletin - The Shasta County Republicans have nominated the following ticket:  Superior Judge, A. Bell; Sheriff, William Jackson; County Clerk, F.C. Tiffin; County Treasurer, T.J. Webb; District Attorney, E.G. Anderson; Superintendent of Public Instruction, Mrs. D.M. Coleman; Coroner & Administrator, D.P. Bystle; Assessor, W.S. Kidder; County Surveyor, J.M. Graves.~

1880, The Shasta Courier of 17 July 1880, reported the statistics from the Annual Report of the Shasta County School Superintendent for the year ending 3 June 1880.

Number of children in the county between five and 17 years of age: 2,276. Number attending public schools: 1,840. Number of school districts in which school was maintained six months or more: 44. Number of new districts established: 3. Number of teachers employed: 47.~

1883, Schools receiving moneys from the Shasta County Superintendent of Schools, Mrs. D. M. Coleman, were:  Anderson, Antelope, Albion, Bald Hills, Bear Creek, Buckeye, Beaver Creek, Bunker Hill, Bates, Centerville, Clover Creek, Cottonwood, Cow Creek, Copper City, Cayton Valley, Clear Creek, Central, Cloverdale, Cove, Cedar Creek, Eagle Creek, Eureka, Excelsior, Fall River, Fall River Mills, French Gulch, Fort Crook, Flat Creek, Hatchet Creek, Island, Junction, Klotz, Kimball, Mill Creek, Millville, Mountain Grove, Mineral, Oak Knoll, Oak Run, Oak Grove, Pacheco, Parkville, Piety Hill, Pine Grove, Pit River, Phillips, Prairie, Redding, Round Mountain, Rockland, Sacramento River, Shasta, Sheldon, Sierra, Stillwater, Slate Creek, Smithson, and Whiskeytown.~

1888 March 1, San Francisco Bulletin, Redding, February 29 -


The Supervisors will meet Monday next and declare Redding the county seat, according to the decision of the Supreme Court, unless restrained in some manner. Hatch, attorney for the obstructionists, went to Shasta last evening and returned to Red Bluff this morning. This action causes conjectures as to how much mischief is in store yet. Very few Shasta residents now object to the removal, and any more unwarranted delay will be severely criticized almost unanimously.~

1889, Per an article in the Shasta Courier 25 May 1889, "30 Years Ago" - "In 1859 there were only seven post offices in the territory than comprising Shasta county and following postmasters:  American Ranch, E. Anderson; Cottonwood, William Lean; French Gulch, W.G. Gibbs; Horsetown, J. R. Pile; Red Bluffs, J.R. Broadway; Shasta, Orin Fitch; Whiskey Creek, Ben Mix."

[I have to question the accuracy of this article as Tehama became a county in 1856, so Red Bluffs would be in that county in 1859.]~

1900-01, Statistics of California Production, Commerce and Finances for the years 1900-01 with brief sketches of the origin and development of Mining, Ag & Horticulture in the state, published by M.M. Barnet & J. O'Leary:

Many new copper locations have been or are being devolped by Boston people in Shasta county.

Shasta, with its large copper yield stands at the head of the list for the state.~

1903 July 2, The Free Press, Redding - The following named teachers will be appointed Monday to teach in the Keswick and other schools:

Keswick:  Beverley Wood, Principal; Miss Ora Coombs, Miss Lena Stevens and Miss M. Taylor

Bass:  Miss Clara Ledgerwood

French Gulch:  Miss Margaret Strouse

Cottonwood:  H.H. Shuffleton, Jr., Principal; Miss Loraine Heath

Centerville:  Sadie B. Honn

Igo:  Mrs. Lottie E. Cunningham~

1911 December 30, Only two out of thirteen applicants passed the teachers' examination concluded a week earlier. The successful were Irene Bidwell of Hat Creek and Bessie Forschler of Igo. - from Record Searchlight, Today in History, 30 Dec 2011~

1913 July 29, Daily People's Cause, Red Bluff - (Reprinted by Red Bluff Daily News on 27 Aug 2010)Redding, July 28 - Nine Prisoners set at work breaking rock in court house yard -Sheriff Montgomery today re-established the chain gang, placing Charles H. Behrens in charge.

The county jail has become too popular of late. Fourteen prisoners are housed there, and this is too large a number, in Sheriff Montgomery's opinion, to be maintained by the county in idleness. Only nine of the fourteen are subject to chain gang duty. The nine were set at work this morning breaking rock in the court house yard. Six hours makes a day's work.~

1914, Thumbing through a map book I have, I came across a population list for California in 1914. Satisfying a need to make another list, I broke out Shasta County towns and then chose the top 15, which really came to 17 because there were two ties.

Shasta County overall showed a population of 12,133 in 1890; 17,318 in 1900; and, 18,920 in 1910.

Now for the most populated towns in Shasta County, 1914, which might surprise you:

1 - Redding

2 - Kennett

3 - Anderson

4 - Cottonwood

5 - Winthrop

6 - Coram

7 - French Gulch

8 - Shasta

9 - Castella & Mammoth

10 - Fall River Mills

11 - Knob

12 - Ono

13 - McArthur

14 - Millville

15 - Buckeye & Olinda~

1915, Mines and Mineral Resources - The Sacramento River Valley bottom, below the mountains, contains extensive clay banks, and on the higher table lands debris accumulation has in places formed clay deposits.

Alata Lime and Brick Company, formerly known as Coleman & Hill, owns the clay bank in Block 29, Redding [Reading] Grant, about 1 1/4 miles south of Redding, in the Sacramento River bottom. The clay is 6 feet thick, the upper 4 feet being plastic, which grades into and rests upon a bed of sand, underlaid in turn by gravel; color is tawny. In former years a great many bricks of good quality were burned in this yard.

Holt & Gregg of Redding own a clay deposit in Sec. 17, T 30 N., R. 4 W., in the town of Anderson. The holdings consist of 200 acres, patented. Another deposit owned by this firm is 2 miles north of Anderson near the railroad. This clay bed is 15 feet thick and worked by means of open cuts. Equipment for making bricks consists of grinding mill, brick kiln of a capacity of 40,000 bricks in seven hours, cars, etc. The stack is 120 feet high, with 12 feet diameter at base and 8 feet at the top. Cost about $4.50 per thousand to manufacture the brick, which are used for buildings in Redding and other towns in the Sacramento Valley. Fifteen men employed at present. Plant operated upon demand.

This firm also owns a good deposit of fire clay in Sec 34, T. 34 N., R. 5 W. Used in lime kilns for lining.

R. L. Reading owns an extensive clay deposit in the Reading Homestead, east of Cottonwood. This deposit, on the Sacramento River, is 1 mile long and 1/4 of a mile wide. The clay is 30 feet thick, capped by 15 feet of gravel. It has not been developed.

Southern Pacific Railway Company owns a clay bed in Sec. 19, T. 32 N., R. 4 W. This deposit covers about 40 acres, and is topped with gravel. It is undeveloped.

Redding Brick and Tile Company owns 40 acres, patented, in Sec. 19, T. 31 N., R. 5 W., 3 miles southwest of Redding. Small kiln at Redding. Idle. Operated upon demand.~

1925 January, Redding Record Searchlight -Eleven applications for citizenship were filed in Shasta County in 1899:  From England:  Henry Mitchell, Alfred Trevillyan, William A. Temple, David S. Leslie and Lyn Coleman; From Italy:  Thomas Cleone; From Austria:  Louis Gander; From Russia:  Charles J. Stulander and Fritz Oding; From Germany:  Casper Heinlein and Charles H. Jens~

1930, Anderson Valley News, 25 December, 1930 - Teachers in Shasta Elementary Schools are given Certificates -

With all members of the board of education present the following teacher's certificates in the elementary schools were granted last Saturday:  Mrs. Ethel Myers, Mrs. Augusta Stevenson, Mrs. Gladys Leal, Misses Lorena Thatcher, Stacy Spoon, Doris Lewis, Grace Jack, Flora Hall, Margaret Flannagan, Cecil Cook, Evelyn Voge, Hilda Jessen, Mildred Haynes, Nelda Brown, Mrs. Mildred Haaley, Mrs. Nelita Hunt, Mrs. Ethel Shoup, and Mrs. Clara Gill, high school.

There were no applicants for the examination on the constitution.

The members of the board of education are:  Miss Myra E. Giles of Anderson, W.L. Gay, Palo Cedro, Mrs. Sydnie Jones, Igo, J.P. Gallagher, Castella and Miss Bertha Merrill, Redding.~

1946, Myra Giles Scrapbook - R. H. Cross, Berkeley Historian, discussed early Inns of California and obtained additional information on several in Shasta County. He stated the five leading Inns for Shasta County early on were:  Bell's Mansion, Tower House, Empire Hotel, Charter Oak Hotel and the Dominion.~


Shasta County, Communications

In a Promotion Pamphlet about Shasta County:

The county is well supplied with mail facilities:

A daily mail from San Francisco and the Eastern States, by California and Oregon Railroad, to Delta, continuing by Stage to Oregon via the Sacramento River route.

A daily to Weavervile, via Shasta, from Redding connecting to the Tower House, and continuing on to Yreka, via Scott Valley.

A daily from Redding to Alturas, Modoc County, via Millville, Burney Valley, and Fall River Mills.

A daily by the California and Oregon Railroad, from Redding to San Francisco and the Eastern States.

A weekly, from Shasta, via Igo, Pinckney, and Janesville to Cottonwood.

A daily from Anderson to Igo via Happy Valley.

A weekly mail from Cottonwood, via Battle Creek to Shingletown, and a semi-weekly express to and from Redding & Copper City.

Over most of these routes Wells, Fargo & Co's Express is carried, and at nearly every town, they have an office.

A Telegraph Line runs through the county.


Shasta County, Early Post Offices

In order of establishment by the Post Office Department for Shasta County, California:

1 - Shasta, before 31 May 1851 per California Gazette article

2 - Cottonwood, 20 February 1852

3 - One Horse Town > Horsetown, 12 October 1852

4 - Kilna, Established 10 November 1852, discontinued  27 Oct 1853. Located near the mouth of Middle Creek and Potter's Ferry on the Sacramento River. William Potter was the first postmaster. Post Office Department's auditor's report shows no financial return from Post Office and no compensation paid the postmaster.

5 - American Ranch, 19 July 1855

6 - French Gulch, 18 February 1856

7 - Whiskey Creek, 18 February 1856

8 - Middletown, 18 June 1856


Shasta County, Town Postmarks  

An interesting list of California Postmarks and Post Offices by Leonard Hartmann to be used in conjunction with California Town Postmarks 1849-1935 by John Williams.

Note: Approval of Tehama County lines 9 April 1856.

1849 - 1935, Shasta County, California:

Agland; Albertson; Alfa; American Ranch; Anderson; Antler

Baird; Ball's Ferry; Bayha; Bayles; Beegum (1895 - 1900; otherwise in Tehama County); Bella Vista; Bell's Bridge; Big Bend; Blair; Boralma;Brewster; Brincard; Buckeye (1880 - 1918); Burgess; Burgettville; Burney/Burney Valley

Carbon; Cassel; Castella; Castle Crag/Castle Crags; Cayton; Churntown; Copley; Copper City; Coram;

Cottonwood (1852 - 1860 then 1872 to still open; from 1860 - 1872 in Tehama County)

Deerhaven; Delta; Dolde

Eilers; Elderton; Elena; Eubanks

Fall River Mills; Fern; Fielding; Flume (1903-1904; 1907-1910); French Gulch

Gas Point; Glenburn (opened 1892 ); Goering; Gregory

Halcyon (1882 - 1883); Happy Valley; Hart; Hat Creek; Hazel Creek; Henderson; Heroult; Horse Town

Igo; Ingot; Inwood

Janesville (1861-1864)

Kendon; Kennett; Keswick; Kilna; Kimberly; Knob

La Moine; Larkin; Latson; Leighton; Leland; Lisbon (1886 -); Little

Mabel; Mammoth (1907-1921; 1923-1925); Manton (1897-1898) From 1889-1897 and then 1898 - still open in Tehama County); Manzanita Lake; Matheson; McArthur; Middlefork; Millville; Montgomery Creek/Montgomery Ferry

Oak (1897 - ); Oak Run; Old Diggins; Old Station; Olinda (1890 - ); Ono; Onward

Palo Cedro; Parkville; Pawnee; Pinckney; Pineland; Pine View; Pitthree; Pittville (1873-75; 1878-1905; 1910-1923; 1928 - in Shasta; 1905-1910; 1923-1928 = Lassen); Plateau; Platina; Pollock; Portugee

Reading; RedBluff/Red Bluffs (1853-1856 in Shasta); Redding; Round Mountain

Schilling; Shingletown; Slate Creek; Slatonis; Smithson; Stella; Stillwater


Viola (1893 - )

Waugh; Wengler; Whiskey Creek; Whitehouse; Whitmore; Winthrop










1871-78, The Pacific Coast Business Directory of  California, 1871-73:  Shingletown has a Shasta County Post office address 45 miles northeast of Shasta. William Davis is a hotel proprietor and blacksmith and Rudolph Klotz is a lumber manufacturer.

1874, The Shingletown Post Office was established as a 3rd class post office on 24 June 1874, with John McCarley as the first postmaster. It was set up in a small alcove at the rear of the Shingletown Store near the meat department in what became the McCarley-Smith Company and later the Miller Store. John McCarley died in 1884, so Albert Smith became the postmaster. His service was followed by Edward Martin a clerk and bookkeeper for the McCarley-Smith Company. The post offfice wasn't located in the store when Martin took over. Ernest Muntz followed by either Arthur Thatcher or Bert Hall; then Mrs. Esther Wilson, Mrs. Orpha Garrison, Charles Beale and then Mrs. Ella Aldridge served as postal agents until the office closed 31 October 1919. The residents of Manton used the Battle Creek Post Office until Shingletown was established. Klotz Mill, 2 miles east of Shingletown bid for the Post Office when it was established in 1874. The more westerly site was decided on for the road junctions and Dry Mill settlement. As a compromise, the government extended their stage line on to Klotz Mill and required their driver to spend the night there, thus Klotz Mill was not the Post Office site, but received mail delivery. The Shingletown Post Office was re-established 23 March 1945. Mrs. Sarah Miller beame the "new first" postmistress.~

1880 November 23, San Francisco Bulletin - A new sawmill is being built at Shingletown, Shasta County.~

1881, From the History & Business Directory for the County of Shasta, California, 1881:  William ASHBURY, Farmer; William T. ADAMS, farmer; P.B. ASHBURY, Farmer; Thomas ASHBURY, Farmer; Jesse BOOTS, Farmer; A. CUNNINGHAM, Farmer; Simon DARRAH, Farmer; Joseph DARRAH, Farmer; Rudolph KLOTZ, Mill Owner; John Y. KLOTZ, Millman; J. C. LATOUR, Farmer; J.W. McCARLEY (McCarley-Smith); MCCARLEY & SMITH, General Merchandise; William W. SMITH, Farmer; A.F. SMITH, McCarley-Smith; M.B. VILAS, Mill Owner.~


Ten-Stamp Mill Moved

1908 December 4, Shasta Courier, Redding, Shasta - "Joseph Gretz, who is interested in the Custom Reduction & Milling Company, has about completed his arrangements for shipping the ten-stamp mill from the National Mine at Old Diggings, which will be re-erected at Schaffer, in the Goldfield, Nevada territory."


Tower House

1864 May 2:  Grant I. Taggart secured a renewed license for ten more years to collect toll on the bridge across Clear Creek at Tower House. Later that year, on September 3, Taggart improved the siding and shingled roof of the covered bridge.


Waugh's Ferries

Joseph Waugh, purchased the Moody & Wood Ferry near the mouth of Spring Creek in 1855. In the licensing process of 1858 it was called Waugh's Upper Ferry.

He also owned the ferry service at the mouth of Middle Creek on the Sacramento River. The community of Waugh developed around this site. The California and Oregon Railroad purchased right-of-way land from Waugh and built a depot here in about 1883.


Whiskey Creek > Blair > Stella > Schilling > Whiskeytown

1856 February 18, Whiskey Creek Post Office established with Benjamin Mix as the first postmaster. It was discontinued 28 June 1864 when the service moved to Weaverville. This location was 4 miles NW of Shasta City.~

1856 December 16, Democratic State Journal - To be Hung - Francis Blair is to be executed at Shasta on Jan. 16th for the murder of a Chinaman.~

1857 January 10

1881 January 6, A 4th Class Post Office was established and named for Eunice Frances Crocker Blair, the first postmistress. On 22 September 1885, Blair was discontinued and the name changed to Stella.

First an 1849 Mining Camp, the location was called Whiskeytown, along Whiskey Creek, and the United States Post Office Department would not accept the name Whiskeytown. The residents obtained their mail at Shasta City or it was dropped by.

Located 5 miles NW of Shasta, the site is inundated by the waters of Whiskey Lake since 1963.

Eunice Frances Crocker Blair (1853-1930) was the daughter of Everett Francis Crocker an early settler of Shasta. She married James Drummond Blair (1829-1892) on 12 May 1869. He was nearly forty and she sixteen years old. The couple produced nine children, six sons and three daughters while living in the Whiskey Creek, Blair and later Stella area of Shasta County, California.

When Eunice died on May 21, 1930, she was living in the home of her daughter in Alameda. Her body was brought back to Redding and out to Shasta to be buried in the Shasta Masonic and IOOF Cemetery where lie James, Eunice, their six sons and one daughter-in-law.

James was born in Ireland 27 September 1829 and came to America in 1835 with his father and step-mother. He grew to manhood on the family farm in Woodcock Township, Crawford county, Pennsylvania.

He then moved to Illinois and when word of gold in California reached the east he came west reaching northern California and staking his Whiskey Creek claim in 1851. James worked as a cooper, butcher, miner and proprietor of the Whiskeytown Hotel and Blair's Saloon. He held public office as a Shasta County Supervisor and was master of Western Star Lodge No. 2 (Masonic) of Shasta.

James died of an extended illness on 2 September 1892. ~

1885 September 22, Stella Post Office established as a name change from Blair. Oliver H. P. Woodward was the first postmaster. The Post Office was located within the Woodward Hotel, where it is said, a discussion within a public room there may have led to the suggestion of Stella, the name of a waitress. Others say there was a child named Stella Roberts living in the vicionity and the post office was named for her. Still other notes have said "Stella named for the postmaster's wife." This is incorrect because Oliver H. P. Woodward's wife was named Susannah. John F. Schilling, the next postmaster, married Woodward's daughter and her name was also Susannah.~

1899 October 30, The Morning Searchlight (Redding, CA) - J.F. Schilling was down from Whiskytown Monday securing a lot of provisions for the Woodward Hotel, of which he is lessee.~

1917 April 25, 4th class post office established named Schilling for John F. Schilling, storekeeper and the first postmaster. The P O was discontinued 30 April 1931, but re-established 5 October 1931, until 1 July 1952 when Whiskeytown was accepted as the name. The waters of Whiskey Lake covered this site in 1963.~

1922 March 28, Riverside Daily Press - WOMAN JUSTICE IN SHASTA - Mrs. Ethel Blair, the only woman justice of the peace in Shasta county, on March 21, heard the first action in the county under the County Volstead act, recently forced by initiative petition, and also the first case in her court. [Ethel Alice Carter Blair (1873 -1949) was married to Briceland Cooper Blair (1877-1916) the son of James and Eunice Blair.]~

1952 July 1, Whiskeytown finally took the place of Schilling, accepted by the Post Office Department. Mrs. Dorothy A. Harmon was the first postmistress. This location was five miles NW of Shasta City and ten miles SE of French Gulch.~


Whiskey Town

1858 April 20, Shasta -At about one mile beyond Mixie's Hotel, at Whiskey Town, Mr. Andrews, a water tender, employed by the Clear Creek Ditch Company, found a man named Feldburgh yesterday, murdered in his cabin. Feldburgh is a German, and it is supposed he was murdered by his partner, Lewis, an Italian. He was stabbed eight times with a bowie-knife, and cut with an axe in the skull. Lewis has fled.~

1861 April 20, Shasta Courier, - Drowned - On Thursday, Joseph Brown, a native of New Hampshire, and for the past year in the employ of Mr. Wingate, was thrown out of a boat on Clear Creek just above the dam beyond Whiskeytown and drowned. He was not seen after going under except when passing over Farrington's dam, about a mile below where the accident occurred. His body at this tine of writing, has not been recovered.~

1868 August 18, San Francisco Bulletin - Shasta County Item from the Shasta Courier of August 15th: 

A huge rattlesnake was killed on Clear Creek, below Whiskytown last week which measured 7 1/2 feet in length and 11 inches in circumference. The reptile contained a half-grown rabbit and about a dozen large sized toads.~

1871, According to the Pacific Coast Business Directory of California, 1871-73 there was more than one place in California beginning with "Whisky". Our Whisky Creek isn't mentioned, but Whiskytown is. The out of Shasta County names are: Whisky Flat in Mono; Whisky Hill in Santa Cruz; and, Whisky Slide in Calaveras.

Whiskytown, a Shasta County location 5 miles northwest of Shasta. J. D. Blair was the hotel proprietor, E.F. Crocker a lumber manufacturer; John Fleming a lumber manufacturer; William Healey had a general merchandise store and L. Williams was a blacksmith.~

1899 October 13, Searchlight - Mrs. J. F. Schilling, landlady at the Woodward Hotel at Stella, was shopping in Redding on Thursday.~

1916 March 18, Miami Herald - WHISKEYTOWN CHANGES ITS NAME - Now Called Schilling After Man Who Refused to Serve as Postmaster -

Redding - Schilling is to be the post office name of the town of Whiskeytown, between Shasta and French Gulch, on the Redding-Weaverville stage route. The name Schilling has been decided upon by the Post Office Department.

Stella is the old postoffice name of Whiskeytown. The office was abandoned six years ago when the late John F. Schilling, who had been postmaster for several years , refused positively to serve longer if the department insisted on putting money orders in the office. Schilling held out and the office was abandoned. It has since been reestablished.~



Page 1 2