1893 January 17, U.S. Post Office established at Brewster, Shasta County, Califronia. Located 8 miles  south of Dunsmuir the name was for William H. Brewster who made geological surveys of the area in the 1860's.

Alexander Levy was the first postmaster.

1895 May 24, Brewster Post Office discontinued and service moved to Castella.~



1879 December 29, U.S. Post Office at Brincard, Shasta County, California established 6 miles SW of Redding. Arthur Brincard was the first postmaster.

1880 March 19, Adolph Minville, Postmaster.

1880 March 22, San Francisco Bulletin, Pacific Coast Postal Changes - Washington, Mar 21 - Postmasters Appointed:  Adolph Minville, Brincard, Shasta county...

1881 June 17, U.S. Post Office discontinued and service moved to Igo.~



1880  February 12, U.S. Post Office established at Buckeye, Shasta County, California.  Located five miles north of Redding the name stems from the large number of miners from Ohio, the "Buckeye State." Sometimes referred to as Ohio City. George W. Burtt first postmaster.~

1880 February 12, George W. Burtt, U.S. Postmaster~

1880 February 16, San Francisco Bulletin, Pacific Coast Postal Changes, Washington, February 15th- Offices established - Buckeye, Shasta County, George W. Burtt, Postmaster...

1881 December 22, James P. Beard, U.S. Postmaster; also 16 January 1882, and 12 August 1903.~

1902 19 December, William Mason, U.S. Postmaster.~

1907 October 23, William R. Marshall, U.S. Postmaster.~

1908 April 6, Annie Landes, U.S. Postmaster.

1908 April 7, San Francisco Chronicle, April 6 - Annie Landes was to-day appointed postmaster at Buckeye, Shasta county, vice W.R. Marshall resigned.~

1913 February 13, Lora Bales, U.S. Postmaster.~

1918 January 31, Buckeye U.S. Post Office closed and service moved to Keswick, Shasta County, California.~

1938 June 20, Mrs. Betty F. Shelby, U.S. Postmaster.~

1938 July 30, U.S. Post Office at Buckeye re-established with Mrs. Betty F. Shelby as the first postmaster.~

1942 August 30, Mrs. Norma J. Wagner, U.S. Postmaster.~

1943 April 5, Buckeye U.S. Post Office discontinued and service moved to Redding, Shasta County, California.

1963 April 16, established as contract rural stastion of Reddsing. This arrangement was discontinued on 31 December 1965.



1891 April 25, U.S. Post Office establsihed for Burgess, Shasta County, California. Named after a pioneer settler along Cape Horn Creek 8 miles north of Montgomery Creek, this was a 4th Class Post Office.

Miss Helen English was the first postmaster.

1892 May 2, Mrs. Helen E. Hall, Postmaster.

1892 June 22, Silvetus C. English, Postmaster.

1903 August 15, U.S. Post Office discontinued and service moved to Wengler.~


Burgettville > Swasey > Glenburn

1865, "In the spring of 1865 Bill Burgett from Silver City arrived at the small village with his Indian wife and two children. The town was named for Burgett, who bought out Bowles, operator of the first blacksmith shop in the valley. He built a bridge across Fall River at Burgettville."

The first hotel was built about 1868 by James Estep, Sr.

James Estep, Jr., Redding, was born in Burgettville and served as Superior Court Judge of Shasta County for many years. -Fall River Tidings Newspaper, Fiftieth Anniversary Edition, 1893-1943, published in 1944~

Burgettville, Shasta, California, was located six miles northwest of Fall River Mills (name change from Fall City) in the Fall River Valley. At one time the first town in the Fall River Valley had a church, school, and Masonic Lodge along with other business establishments.~

1869 March 11, William Burgett married Elizabeth "Lizzie" Selvester. Lizzie died in 1873.~

1871 April 13, The Post Office was in Burgettville from April 1871 to  December 1876; re-established January 1877, then discontinued January 1888, when it was taken over by a new town called Swasey.

1871 April 13, John E. Mooers, first postmaster.

Burgettville was named for William "Bill" Burgett. A story is told that Burgett found it was illegal to sell liquor within a mile of a military reservation, so he paced off the exact distance of 2 miles south of the Fort Crook boundary to establish his store and blacksmith shop. William Burgett's first wife was an Indian woman and the couple had two children. Mrs. Burgett died in 1869 and later William married one of Josh Selvester's daughters. Burgett had sold most of his land to Selvester in 1869, but he kept his store. Burgett was noted for being a reasonable and responsible negotiator when it came to resolving White-Indian problems that occurred in the locale during ithe 1870's.

Even though William Burgett's namesake town is in existance, you'll find him as a resident of Fort Crook on the 1877 Great Register.~

1873 April 27, William Burgett married Mary Jane Countwright.

1877 January 2, Joshua Selvester, Postmaster.

1877 April 30, George Mitchell Rock, Postmaster.

1877, The list of residents in the Great Register for the County of Shasta, 1877, read as follows: 35, Joshua T. ANGLIN, Pennsylvania, Farmer 149, Francis BROWN, New York, Farmer 151, Casper BOSWELL, Illinois, Farmer 160, Jacob, BARD, Pennsylvania, Physician 185 Knowlton BARRETT, USA, Laborer 208, Wallace Clinton BARRETT, Michigan, Farmer 209, Joseph BODLY, Ohio, Farmer 319, Morgan CLARK, Ohio, Farmer 347, John Sharrah CRAIG, USA, Farmer 533, Granville EDES [EADES], Kentucky, Farmer 535, Peter EILER, Virginia, Clerk 536, William Joshua EVERETT, Tennessee, Blacksmith 594, Thomas Jefferson FRAZIER, Ohio, Farmer 679, James GREENLEE, Illinois, Farmer 679, John Frederick. GROS, USA, Farmer 682, Samuel GORDON, USA, Farmer 798, Absalom Benton HARDEN, Kentucky, Physician 799, Sears HAZEN, Pennsylvania, Farmer 816, Chancey Augustus HORR, USA, Mail Carrier 817, William Henry HINES, USA, Blacksmith 949, Alvin KETCHUM, New York, Farmer 1018, Alfred LYCAN, Illinois, Farmer 1159, James Joseph MOSS, USA, Farmer 1165, Nelson MILLER, Michigan, Farmer 1166, James H. MOORE, Kentucky, Farmer 1167, John Edward MOOERS, Maine, Miner 1171, William [Willard] Crockett McFADDEN, Maine, Laborer 1257, Silas Prior NICHOLSON, Ohio, Stable Keeper 1259, Sterling Harry NEWELL, USA, Cook 1350, Lyman Hall POWELL, New York, Farmer 1443, Carydon RYAN, Pennsylvania, Carpenter 1588, Edwin R. SAMPSON, Indiana, Farmer 1589, John SARGENT, Virginia, Farmer 1590, Samuel SARGENT, Illinois, Farmer 1592, Thomas Harrison STORY, England, Hotel Keeper (6th Sec Reg Act) 1604, Jasper STANLEY, Iowa, Farmer 1611, Harber STANLEY, Iowa, Farmer 1631, John Brady STEWART, Pennsylvania, Farmer 1715, George THOMPSON, Ireland, Farmer (Naturalization through father) 1716, Simeon T. THORNTON, Indiana, Farmer 1717, James W. THORNTON, Missouri, Farmer 1718, Edward Robert TAYLOR, USA, Miner 1760, Jacob VAN SCOYCK, Ohio, Laborer 1867, Ebenezer Lansing WARNER, Pennsylvania, Carpenter 1872, Joseph WILLIAMS, Arkansas, Laborer.~

1878 June 13,  J. H. Wiseheart, Postmaster.

1878 July 18, John E. Mooers, Postmaster.

1883 February 24Shasta Courier- The Masonic Hall at Burgettville is approaching completion and the structure will be a credit to the town.~

1883 April 7Shasta Courier- Odd Fellows are flourishing and Masons almost ready to organize in their new hall at Burgettville which is tastefully finished.~

1886 December 14, William C. Selvester, Postmaster.

1887 January 18, Florence A. Mooers, Postmaster.

1887 July 30, Shasta Republican - BURGETTVILLE is a thriving little town situated on Fall River[stream], in the midst of the fertile portion of the valley, is six miles northwest of Fall River [Mills]. The new wagon road to Sisson [Mt. Shasta City] will start from this place, and is bound to make it boom. The town has a fine church, schoolhouse, town hall, and a flourishing lodge of Masons.~

1887 August 19, Alexander O. Mooers, Postmaster.

1888 January 17, Now Swasey, Shasta, California Post Office. Named by H. M. Swasey, who built a mill at the site located 6 miles northwest of Fall River Mills.

John R. Crichton, First postmaster.

1888 January 17, Menander O. Mooers, Postmaster.

1889 October 28, Amos W. Gordon, Postmaster.

1892 March 5, P O discontinued. Name changed to Glenburn.

See also:  Glenburn


Burney Valley > Burney

Burney Valley was named by R. M. Johnson for Samuel Burney who came to the area in 1848.

1872 December 6,  Burney Valley Post Office was established 6 December, 1872, with Henry N. Murphy as postmaster. On 17 December 1894, Burney Valley Post Office became Burney (Valley was dropped) for the village that had grown up along Burney Creek at the foot of Burney Mountain.

1875 August 25, George R. Carman, Postmaster.

1875 December 3, Asa White, Postmaster.

1876 March 14, Robert Crews, Postmaster.

1877, Per the Great Register for the County of Shasta, California, 1877: 162, Elias Edward BROWN, Illinois, Farmer; 165, Harvey Edward BAKER, Iowa, Farmer; 173, Benjamin Taft BIBBENS, USA, Farmer; 217, William Wesley BROWN, Oregon, Farmer; 313, Henry COOK, Iowa, Miner; 797, William Luther HOWE, Wisconsin, Farmer; 803, Godfrey HOFFMASTER, Germany, Butcher (Alleghaney, Pennsylvania); 812, John HATHAWAY, USA, Laborer; 820, Thomas Kirkland HAYS, Pennsylvania, Carpenter & Stockraiser; 842, James Armstead HULSEY, Arkansas, Stockraiser; 843, Walter Scott HAYS, California, Stockraiser; 896, William Alexander JONES, Canada, Farmer (born Canada of American parents); 953, John David KIRK, USA, Farmer; 972, Johan Frederick KNOCH, Germany, Farmer (Shasta Co.) - jf; 1163, William Monroe MOORE, Missouri, Farmer; 1177, Diedrich MURCKEN, Germany, farmer (Plumas Co., California) - jf; 1256, John NICHOLS, Illinois, Farmer; 1342, Daniel Hall PITNEY, New Jersey, Farmer; 1459, Frank David Ray, New York, Farmer; 1866, Luther WILLIAMHOWE, [Luther William HOWE] Wisconsin, Farmer; 1902, Asa WHITE, Kentucky, Farmer.~

1880 February 24,  Mary J. Johnson, Postmaster.

1880 March 1, San Francisco Bulletin, Pacific Coast Postal Changes, Washington, February 29th- Postmasters appointed:  Mrs. Mary J. Johnson, Bureny Valley, Shasta county...

1882 January 13, Timothy Desmond, Postmaster.

1884 November 13, Charles A. Teel, Postmaster.

1887 July 30, Shasta Republican - BURNEY VALLEY is twenty miles south of Fall River Valley, and is next in importance in size. The valley is well watered by a number of streams, the largest being Burney Creek, and is settled by an enterprising and industrious class of people. The town is also known as Burney Valley, and has two well-stocked general merchandise stores, one hotel and a blacksmith shop. The road passing through the valley is traveled by the stage and all freight teams hauling from the railroad to points north.~

1887 September 10, Shasta Courier - Items From All Sources - Charles A. Teel of Burney Valley has gone into the real estate business. He learned how to work that sort of business in Los Angeles.

Billy and Chris Bidwell of Burney Valley haved traded their store to Ben Bainbridge for his ranch and have gone into the stock raising business.

While Mrs. T.B. Smith, Mrs. William E. Hopping and Mrs. Johnson of Shasta were driving a buggy down the steep hill into Burney Valley a few days ago, one of the horses became fractious and an upset resulted. All three of the ladies were considerably bruised but are in luck that more serious consequences did not ensue.~

1887 September 22, Eugene B. Bainbridge, Postmaster.

1887 October 29, Shasta Courier, E. B. Bainbridge is the new postmaster at Burney Valley.

1888 July 21, Republican Free Press, J.A. Brown and E.B. Bainbridge have bought R. Crew's Store.

1889 September 1, Albert W. Gale, Postmaster.

1889 October 12, Republican Free Press - The Odd Fellows of Burney Valley will meet tonight at the Burney Valley Hotel for the purpose of taking action to form a lodge and build a hall.~

1890 January 11, Charles Gracie (Tracie?), Postmaster.

1894 December 17, Mrs. Eva Vaughn, Postmaster.

1895 September 5, Olsa T. Fitzpatrick, Postmaster.

1898 February 28, George M.D. Hobson, Postmaster.

1899 June 14, Evening News - Redding, June 14 - News comes by stage that the Burney Valley Hotel on the Bieber stage line has been burned. It was a large, two-story building under lease to Timothy Desmond. It is not known whether it was insured or not. The loss is estimated at between $3000 and $5000.~

1899 June 17, Shasta Courier - The Burney Valley Hotel conducted by Tim Desmond at Burney was burned to the ground about 10:00 Monday morning. The fire was caused by a deflective flue. Nothing was saved from the flames. The hotel was a good-sized two-story building.~

1900 May 2, Albert W. Gale, Postmaster.

1907 December 26, George J. Grinnell, Postmaster.

1908 September 26, Phoebe. W. Smyth, Postmaster.

1908 November 12, San Jose Mercury News, Redding, Nov. 11 - Julius Francis Cornaz [1831-1908], the third white man to settle in Burney Valley, in the eastern part of the county, died Tuesday in the home where he had lived almost half a century. The pioneer was buried at Burney on Thursday. Mr. Cornaz was born in Switzerland in 1831. He came to America in 1851 and arrived in Burney Valley in 1868, coming by the ox team route from Portland, Oregon.~

1910 February 18, Samuel Brewster, Postmaster.

1915 February 12, Dennis M. Desmond, Postmaster.

1918 August 7, Robert T. Desmond, Postmaster.

1921  May 19, George W. Levens, Postmaster.

1922 November 18, Robert A. Peters, Postmaster.

1923 March 28, Redding Searchlight - Fred Haynes left this city Tuesday morning for his home in Burney in a fine new automobile he purchased here.~

1926 December 21, Samuel Brewster, Postmaster.

1928 August 9, Samuel Brewster, Postmaster.

1933 December 30, Ralph Brewster, Postmaster.

1934 February 1, Salve Bue, Postmaster.

1956 April 30, Mrs. Irma K. Brann, Postmaster.

1957 April 29, Alfred E. Rider, Postmaster.

1966 November 1, Ronald G. Telford, Postmaster.



1884 November 1, Shasta Courier -Fred Knoch and Herman Smith, both residents of Hat Creek, Shasta County, situated about 80 miles north of Red Bluff, came down Saturday bringing with them about 2,600 pounds of butter which they will dispose of in this market. Mr. Knoch informs us that the amount has all been made on his dairy since May 1, including also a small amount he has disposed of to transient customers. He generally visits Red Bluff every fall, bringing down his dairy products, and laying in his stock of goods for the year. He has about 40 cows.~

1885 -A 4th class post office was established 14 July 1885 and moved 1 mile east on 25 May 1910. On 30 November 1923 the P O was discontinued and the mail moved to Cassel. The name came from the color of the soil and at one time, Carbon was a toll road station. Located 9 miles SW of Fall River Mills and 10 miles NE of Burney Valley, Diederich Murcken, [brother-in-law to Johann Frederick "Fred" Knoch], was the first postmaster. [Murcken and Knoch located farming here from their mining activities in Plumas County.]~

1887 January 22, Shasta Courier- Mr. Knoch has been appointed custodian of the State Fish Hatchery on Hat Creek until the next run of salmon. Knoch is a partner of Dick Murcken in the ranch business.~

1889 November 9, Republican Free Press [Redding, CA] - D. Murcken of Carbon was here this week for winter supplies.~

1894 April 7, Shasta Courier - D. Murcken of Carbon, who disappeared mysteriously sometime ago, has been located in Bangor, Butte County.~

1894 November 17, Shasta Courier - It is conceded that John W. Brown got a big bargain when he purchased the Knoch and Murcken Ranch at State Fish Hatchery on Hat Creek for $5,000. The land sold is 1,040 acres, considerable of which is under cultivation and on whch are good buildings and water for irrigation is plentiful.~

1899-1900 - Located in 1873 on Hat Creek, a tributary of Pit River, in Burney Valley township, Shasta County, ten miles northeast of Burney and seventy miles northeast of Redding, the county seat, nearest banking and shipping point. Ships farm produce. A sawmill is operated by power derived from the creek. Mail every other day.

Braden, L., Blacksmith; Brown, C.E. Sawmill; Brown, J.W., Postmaster; Latham, A.B., Teacher; Manley, L.R., Watchmaker & Painter; Tyrrell, A.E. , Engineer; Tyrrell, D.G., Engineer.~

1910 May 26, San Francisco Chronicle - New Coast Postmasters, Washington, May 25 - California postmasters appointed:  Carbon, Shasta county, Nora B. Smith, vice M.E. Guill resigned.~

1923 November 7 - Searchlight of Redding, California - GOOD-BYE CARBON - Washington, November 6 - The post office at Carbon, Shasta county, will be permanently closed November 30. Mail and money order records will be sent to Cassel.~

Murken Bench and Murken Lake

Our family spelling is: M U R C K E N.

Mapped as a relief feature in Shasta County, California,  6.25 miles southwest of Coble Mountain is Murcken Bench. There is an intermittent lake 6 miles west-southwest of of Coble Mountain and at the northwest end of Murcken Bench called Murcken Lake.

The "Bench" and "Lake" were named for Richard Diederick Murcken (1835 - 1897) who was born in Germany and arrived in New York in June 1855. He was a storekeeper in New York for five years and then moved west to Saint Louis, Missouri. Later, he continued on to Plumas County, California and mined gold until 1872 when he moved to Carbon, Shasta, California and engaged in farming. On 14 July 1885 he was appointed the first postmaster of Carbon. From Carbon he moved to Oroville in Butte County, California and then returned to Fall River Mills, Shasta, California to be near his sister, Helena Murcken Knoch again. He died 15 December 1897 and was laid to rest in the "new" IOOF Cemetery. Murcken was a charter member of IOOF Fall River Lodge #304 and served in many chairs including Grand. R.D. Murcken never married.~




1883 November 10, Shastra Courier- H. H. Baker is selling his Hat Creek farm to Charles Brown.~

1887 December 5, San Francisco Chronicle - The Hat creek Colony's Success - Flourishing Condition of the Colony on Hat Creek - Redding, December 4:  The colony located on Hat Creek,  fifty miles from Redding, is in flourishing condition. Many buildings are in course of erection, irrigating ditches are being dug, and the clearing of land is actively progressing. A new town has been laid out on the old millsite on the Baker toll road and several lots sold and business houses created. Mr. Meyer, founder of this colony, has gone to southern California to lecture on the advantages of Shasta county and to add recruits to the colony.~

1888 January 7, Republican Free Press - George Meyer arrived from Southern California last month. during the past month he has been lecturing and working that section for the interest of the colony and Shasta County to the site which he has laid out for a town and which he has named Cassel City.~

1889 August 17, Republican Free Press- August Giessner, the gentleman who expects soon to start a brewery at Burney Valley, came down to Redding this week for a load of iron and machinery connected therewith.(Located on a Spring north of Cassel village).~

1889 October 26, Republican Free Press- Gus Giessner and Martin Frahm of Burney Valley came down Thursday. Gus has a contest before the United States Land Office with Mr. Fagg of Cassel, and Martin is here for the purpose of taking three German settlers and their effects to the valley.~

1890 August 30, Republican Free Press- F. M. Rowlee, the boss butter maker, was here from Cassel this week.~

1892 April 23, Free Press (Redding, California) - Fall River "Mail" Notes - A gentleman by the name of Giessner of Hat Creek has rented the Baker Tollroad.~

1892 April 30, Free Press (Redding, California) - Cassel Items. I would advise those going north to travel on the Baker road which passes through our town. There are good accommodations at the Cassel hotel for those wishuing to stop over a few day. Travelers will find Mr. Giessner, the new tollkeeper, very pleasant and accommodating.~

1895 July 27, Shasta Courier (from the Supervisors Proceedings) - August Giessner was appointed Justice of the Peace of Burney Valley Township.~

1899 November 5, Morning Searchlight (Redding, California) - BUYING BEEF CATTLE - A. W. Giessner, the bridge-builder and bustling farmer of Hat Creek, arrived in town Saturday evening with a load of butter. He will take back a load of food stuffs for winter. He reports prosperous times in his region. He also  reports a scarcity of cattle at present. The Mountain Copper Company had a representative through there recently who purchased all the cattle he could get. He secured in all 700 head. About 400 of the beeves are in Big Valley at present and 300 on Hat Creek.~

1899-1900, Shasta County Directory, Cassel located on Hat Creek sixty five miles east of Redding in Hat Creek Valley. Is on Baker Toll Road; mail every other day. The country is rough lava formation with small meadow farms scattered through the valley and considerable alfalfa, grain and wild hay being raised. Dairying and stock raising are the principal industries. Population of valley about 100 whites with equal number of Indians.

Braden, Mrs. L, Teacher; Brown, W.W., General Store; Giessner, August, Bridge Builder; Dungan, M.C., Sawmill (Minister); Lister, Miss K, Teacher, Government Indian School; White, Miss G. E., Teacher; Williams, H.E., General Store, Hotel, Postmaster.~

1902, Shasta County, California, Burney Voters Precinct, but with an address of Cassel:  BIDWELL, Christopher C. 45, William Greene 25; BROWN, Frank Frederick 44, William Wesley 49, John Frederick 21, Charles Henry 52, David Amos 47; [BROWN, John Wesley 56, gave Carbon as address];CONRAD, Friedrich Michael 38; DOYEL, David Louis 27; DUDGEON, James H 61; DUNGAN, Phillip Sheridan 26, Michael Combs 30; FARMER, William Richard 31; FISHER, Noble Andrew 63; GIESSNER, August Wilhelm 49; HONN, Paul Millman 36; PICKETT, Hosea D 47; REIVES, John Wesley 40; RIEGER, Frank 39; ROWLEE, Clark Asa 29; SIKES, Charles Henry 45; SULLIVAN, Lee Hardy 39; WELCH, Newton Elmer 42, Willard Cass 47; WILLIAMS Henry Edward 44.~

1906 February 20, Shasta Courier- CHOKED HIS OWN HORSE TO DEATH - Burney Valley Man Accidentally Kills his own Animal - Lariat too tight around a jumping horses' neck - every member post graduate class in Cassel passes examination - Notes from Burney Section

Cassel, February 16 - Ernie Morris had the misfortune to kill a horse Saturday. It was a wild two year old which persisted in high jumping. It escaped from the high log corral and Morris lassoed it. The rope slipped very tight, and before it could be removed the horse was dead.

The post graduate class in Cassel School took the eighth grade examination last week. Both members passed with very good standings. Irene Bidwell, the only eighth grade pupil, took the examination with the other class and made the best average, after being in the grade a little over six months. Diligent study will accomplish much and if parents would see that pupils spend their spare time in a profitable way, both pupil and teacher would be much benefited.

Mr. and Mrs. John Kinyon are taking care of Frank Brown's ranch during his and Mrs. Brown's absence below.

Mr. and Mrs. L. V. Thatcher visited Mrs. Mary Bidwell Friday evening until Sunday morning.

Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Rieves and Lloyd Thatcher were Burney visitors today.~

1913 May 8, Redding Free Press - GIESSNER - HAYNES - A couple from the eastern part of Shasta county were married in the parlors of the Temple Hotel Tuesday evening. Judge J. E. Barbor officiating. The groom was Otto Giessner, son of A.W. Giessner, an old settler of Cassel. The bride was Miss Eva Haynes, daughter of R. W. Haynes, who lives near Burney.~

1923 March 28, Redding Searchlight - Otto Bowling and Oscar Giessner, both from Cassel, were in this city on business Tuesday.~

1928, Hat Creek School District, (school located at Cassel) Annual Report of Eighth Grade for Period ending 28 Jan 1928. All students had a post office address of Cassel. The teacher was Frances E. Kennedy:

Abbie Fuller, Ben Kerns, Robert Davis, Hedwig Feuz, Ella Feuz, August Giessner

Final Report of eighth Grade of Hat Creek School District 1 Jun 1928. Frances E. Kennedy, Teacher:

Ella Louise Feuz, Hedwig Feuz, August Giessner, Benjamin Kerns all of Cassel

Hat Creek School District Report ending 28 Jan 1928. Teacher, Frances E. Kennedy-

Fifth Grade:  Emma Feuz, Elmer Giessner

Fourth Grade:  Scott Kerns, Rudolph Giessner

~ From the school records in the Otto & Eva Giessner Memorabilia, in my possession. My grandparents housed Hat Creek School teachers as well as students at various times.~

1944 February 23, Fall River Newspaper, JULIET FEUZ LAID TO REST SUNDAY - Funeral Services for Mrs. Juliet Feuz, Cassel postmistress who died last Saturday [18 Feb 1944] from a heart attack, were held at 2 pm Sunday at the graveside in Pine Grove Cemetery at McArthur.

The Rev. C.N. Schuchman of the Fall River Mills Community Church officiated.

Casket bearers were Chester Bethel, Otto Giessner, David Doyel, Allen Brown, C.M. Bidwell and Ben Kerns.~

1969, Cassel (Shasta). The former name, Hat Creek, was changed to the present name by the Post Office Department in 1888 at the instigation of real-estate promoter named Myers, whose birthplace was Cassel, Germany. - California Place Names, The Origin and Etymology of Current Geographical Names, Erwin G. Gudde, 1969.~




See:  Leland > Castella.


Castle Crag; Castle Crags

1892 April 28,  Enoch B. Pixley, Postmaster - Castle Crag.

1892 May 28, Castle Crag, Shasta County, California U.S. Post Office established. George Schonewald, Postmaster.

1901 January 31, Castle Crag  postal service moved to Castella, Shasta County.~

1908 August 14, Castle Crags, Shasta County U.S. Post Office established. Frederick W. Bergman, Postmaster.

1909 June 10, San Francisco Chronicle, Washington June 9- New Coast Postmaster- Roland L. Still was to-day appointed postmaster at Castle Crag, Shasta county vice  F. W. Begman resigned.~

1909 September 23, James R. Foster, Postmaster.

1911 December 28, Mrs. Oregon E. Morris, Postmaster.

1913 May 13, Walter Burnette, Postmaster.

1915 February 19, Charles F. Pendleton, Postmaster.

1916 June 22, DeWitt C. Brown, Postmaster.

1930 May 13, Castle Crags discontinued and service moved to Dunsmuir, Siskiyou County, California.~


Cayton, Cayton Valley

Named for William Cayton who settled in the valley in 1855. The Cayton Creek stream originates in the valley and flows to Lake Britton. Cayton was considered located in Cayton Valley 3.25 miles north-northeast of Burney Falls and was the name of the post office established in 1884 and discontinued in 1951.

1855, William Cayton settled in a valley 14 miles northeast of Burney Valley in 1855.~

1877, Residents of Cayton Valley per the Great Register for the County of Shasta, 1877 were: 1198, Daniel Page MERRILL, Massachusetts, Farmer; 1897, John Cobb WHITE, Missouri, Farmer.~

1884 May 14, A 4th Class Post Office was established as Cayton, Shasta County, California  located 14 miles NE of Burney and 16 miles NW of Fall River Mills. Named for William Cayton who came to the Valley in 1855.

Andrew J. Opdyke was the first postmaster. The 4th Class Post Office lasted until 30 June 1951 when the mail came through the Burney Post Office.~

"The first post office in Cayton was established by Jack Opdyke [Andrew Jackson Opdyke], a Civil War Veteran. He wrote to Washington D.C. for permission. Mail was brought out from Burney three days a week by horse and cart. Mary House ran the post office after Mr. Opdyke. Gill Bosworth [Charles Gilbert Bosworth] was the third postmaster. From 1910 to 1938 John and Anna Bidwell [John Nero Bidwell and wife, Anna Mae Littrell Bidwell], early settlers, ran the post office. In 1938, Percy Norris took it over." -Early Cayton History by Elsie Bosworth; [square brackets by Jo Giessner]~

1886 May 1, Shasta Courier - CAYTON VALLEY, one of the most beautiful little valleys on Pit River, is well settled up by a thrifty population and has a good public school taught by Miss Eddy. The valley was named after William Cayton, an old and well-known pioneer. When we passed through the valley, there were but two settlers there. A. J. Opdyke is Postmaster, but he don't put on airs on account of holding a Federal office.~

1887 July 30, Shasta Republican-CAYTON VALLEY is about fifteen miles southwest from Fall River Valley on Pit River, and is devoted mostly to stock raising, although the soil is adapted to the growth of all the cereals, as well as the fruit-culture.~

1893 November 20, Mary House, Postmaster.

1895 August 10, Shasta Courier - Carrie Bosworth was assigned as teacher for the coming term at Cayton Valley School.~

1895 November 23, Shasta Courier- The school at Cayton Valley, valued at $500., was destroyed by fire last week.~

Cayton Valley School & Fremont School- Per the notes of Clarence Bosworth: "School had been established. A log building in the lower end of the valley was replaced by a frame building farther north on the west side. Here, Carrie Bosworth taught, also a sister-in-law of John Snell's, Etta Crews. This building was destroyed by fire and a school was established half way down the hill toward the Pit River and the crossing at Peck's Bridge."

"These were summer schools. Teachers were Sadie Hays, Ella P. Braden, Augusta Marsh, Mrs. Hudspeth, Laura Greer and a number of others."

"The school district was divided in 1909, and a nice school house was built near the Pit River. Because the stamped school books were moved there, it became the Cayton Valley School. The north half was named Fremont, established on the west side of the valley on the road. Thirteen pupils were enrolled with Sophronia Brown the teacher."

"A huge bell in the Fremont school was rung promptly at 8:30 in the morning by one of the older pupils who worked as janitor, and the sound could be heard all over the valley. This was a winter school."~

1896 March 26, Mary Brown, Postmaster.

1896 December 18, Albert H. Bosworth, Postmaster.

1898 April 9, Andrew Jackson Opdyke, Postmaster.

1908 October 3, John Nero Bidwell, Postmaster.

1938 June 16, Percy E. Norris, Postmaster.

1951 June 30, Cayton Post Office discontinued and the service moved to Burney.


Central Valley

1938 July 12,  2nd Class U.S. Post Office established as Central Valley, Shasta County, California. Names stems from the Central Valley Project which included the building of Shasta Dam. Located 9 miles north of Redding and 9 miles southest of Kennett, the site was once called Boomtown.  Royal Hiebert was the first postmaster.

1941 May 1, Thomas B. Mullen, Postmaster.

1941 September 1, Thomas G. Boothroyd, Postmaster.

1966 December 30, Leona M. Wade, Postmaster.



1863 January 12, U.S. Post Office established as Churntown, Shasta County, California. Name taken from nearby Churn Creek. Located 7 miles northeast of Shasta and 12 miles southeast of Whiskey Creek per the application submitted for the post office.

Sylvester Hull, First Postmaster.

1866 December 12, Post Office discontinued.

1867 January 10, San Francisco Bulletin, Postal Affairs - "By order of the Postmaster General, the office at Shasta is to take possession of the effects, etc., of the office at Churntown, Shasta county, the latter being discontinued.



1886 August 20, 4th Class U.S. Post Office established as Copley, Shasta County, California. Named for the operator of the vacation resort; located 7 1/2 miles north of Waugh and 8 miles south of Kennett. Miss Anna M. Nichols, first postmaster.

1891 May 28, Evening News (San Jose, California) - A Shasta Postmaster Will Have To Stand Trial - San Francisco, May 28 - United States Commissioner to-day held Postmaster Nicholls of Cossley [Copley], Shasta County, in one thousand dollar bonds for opening letters addressed to other persons.

1894 August 3, Jesse J. Gregory, Postmaster.

1897 May 26, Dennis McCarthy, Postmaster.

1897 November 29, Patrick H. Roan, Postmaster.

1901 November 2, Louis Heller, Postmaster.

1903 April 6,  Edward J. Maltby, Postmaster.

1903 April 7,  San Francisco Chronicle - Washington April 6, 1903 - Edward J. Maltby was to-day appointed postmaster at Copley, Shasta County, California.~

1907 May 7, Jennie M. Maltby, Postmaster.

1913 May 15, Copley post office discontinued. Service moved to Keswick.


Copper City

AKA Williams, Brownsville, Ydalpom

1871, residents received mail addressed to Shasta, 22 miles southhwest.

1878 May 21, 4th Class U.S. Pst Office established as Copper City, Shasta County, California. Name derived from the Gold Silver Copper Company (1863). Located 30 miles NE of Redding.

Cary M. Fulton first postmaster.

1880 May 10, Copper City Post Office discontinued and service moved to Redding.



1906 August 4, 4th Class Post Office established as Coram, Shasta County, California. Named for Joseph A. Coram, part owner of the Balaklala Mine and Smelter Company. Coram was located 2 1/2 miles north of Copley.

1906 August 4, Henry W. Brown, First Postmaster.

1912 March 21, George S.Bolles, Postmaster.

1912 October 17, William H. Carroll, Postmaster.

1913 December 4, Harry B. Wilson, Postmaster.

1915 July 1, George S. Ferguson, Postmaster.

1917 June 18, Freeman B. Cullom, Postmaster.

1922 April 29, Coram Post Office discontinued and service moved to Kennett.



1852 February 20, Cottonwood, Shasta County, California Post Office established near Cottonwood Creek 17 miles north of Red Bluff per the Postal Route Map.

1852 February 20, Marcus J. Clanton, First Postmaster.

1852 November 16, G.W. Clanton, Postmaster.

1852, Marcus J. Clanton established this toll ferry across Cottonwood Creek in 1852 (or earlier) to serve the traffic to and from Shasta and the Bluffs (later Red Bluff). The river boats were coming as far as the Red Bluffs on the Sacramento River and occasionally further north. The Clanton and Lean Ferries were essential to the early commerce of northern California.~

1852, Partners William Lean and J. R. Lasiter established a ferry across Cottonwood Creek near the present day Tehama/Shasta Counties bridges for Main Street Cottonwood and Interstate 5 freeway in 1852. At that time it may have been called Lasiter's Ferry. It is on record as being licensed 10 December 1853, solely to William Lean.

1853 May 27, David C. Huntoon, Postmaster.

1853 November 22, William K. Lean, Postmaster.

1854 September 21, Prices Current and Shipping List (San Francisco, California - Corrrect List of Post Offices in California - Cottonwood, Shasta; William Lane [s/b William Lean, but it is prononced Lane].

1860 March 26, Alexander B. Jackson, Postmaster, Cottonwood, Tehama County, California as a result of the county boundary change.

1869 August 4, John A. Brown, Postmaster, Cottonwood, Tehama County, California.

1872 September 20, Post Office again in Shasta County.

1872 September 20, Jacob Foster, Postmaster. Said to have run the post office from his tavern on Main Street after the first train passed through Cottonwood to Redding.

1874 January 26, Henry Lyman (Syman?), Postmaster.

1874 March 10, Jacob Foster, Postmaster.

The toll ferry may have been in operation as early as 1850-1851. As late as 1862 Lean (Lean's Ferry) is on record as renewing his license. It was not discontinued as a public service until 1874.~

1877, The Great Register for the County of Shasta, California, listed the following residents:

Antoine BAUNN, Switzerland, Laborer; William Murry CLEVELAND, Ohio, Bar Keeper; Thomas CHAPMAN, Michigan, Laborer; Stephen Davis DAMMON, Maine, Railroad Man; Thomas GRAY, Indiana, Blacksmith; William Franklin HARDMAN, Missouri, Laborer; William HORTON, USA, Farmer; Matthew P.T. KYLE, Pennsylvania, Miller; John George LOVELL, Vermont, Farmer; Elmus NICKOLAS, Pennsylvania, Farmer; William Franklin PRICE, Missouri, Merchant; Eugene Benton RICHARDSON, Illinois, Teamster; Luman Hopkins ROWLEE, USA, Blacksmith; Michael RILEY, Ireland, Laborer; James Oscar SMITH, New York, Physician; Adam SCHUMAN, Germany, Merchant (Tehama County, California); Andrew Madison SMITH, Iowa, Farmer; Adolphe TUPKER, Germany, Carpenter (Shasta Co.).~

1877 August 20, William Knowlton, Postmaster in his small store on Front Street. Knowlton also operated the Wells, Fargo and Company office.

1881 The History and Business Directory for the County of Shasta, California:

Henry ARMENTROUT, Wagon maker; George BILLUP, Merchant; Charles BILLUP, Merchant; Captain H. BOSANKO, Sheep Raiser; Westley BROWN, Farmer; George BUTTERWAY, Carpenter; F. CROWLEY, farmer; Charles FORSTER, Agent Wells Fargo & Company; Jacob FORSTER, Hotel; John FORSTER, Telegraph Operator; Thomas GREY, Blacksmith; E D R JONES, Carpenter; William KNOWLTON, Merchant and Postmaster; William LANE [LEAN], Farmer; Mrs. Wilhelmina LUDWIG, Stockraiser; E. NICHOLS, Farmer; William F. PRICE & Company, General Mechandise; L. H. ROWLEE, Blacksmith; J.O. SMITH, Physician; L. SCHUMAN (with W.F. Price & Co.); Adolph TUPKER, Carpenter.~

1886 September 16, Walton W. Felts, Postmaster.

1886 December 4, William Knowlton, Postmaster.

1889 April 25, Solomon S. Crane, Postmaster.

1893 August 5, Mrs. Virginia S. Martin, Postmaster.

1897 October 12, Thomas J. McCabe, Postmaster.

1902 May - May Day Edition of the Cottonwood Herald -

"There are four Fraternal organizations in town, and all in a flourishing condition:  Court Cottonwood, Ancient Order of Foresters, No. 8926; Olive Branch Lodge, No. 201, Fraternal Brotherhood; Shasta View, Modern Woodmen, No. 10,489; Oaknole [Oak Knoll] Circle, Companion to A.O.F. Besides there are several social societies that help to keep the community in harmony and good fellowship."

"Cottonwood Gun Club - Members in 1902 included W.L. Rose, T.D. Goodman, Ed G. Carter, John Hutchinson, I.N. Gould, and Jim Long."~

1908 December 4, Shasta Courier,(Redding, California) -  Edward G. Carter, a leading businessman of Cottonwood, was a Tuesday morning arrival in this city on legal business. Mr. Carter is the leader of a number of citizens who are fighting the new Anderson high school measure.~

1912 July 17, Joseph C. Ashbaugh, Postmaster.

1915 March 2, Virginia H. Gould, Postmaster.

1920 February 11, Virginia H. Rice, Postmaster.

1923 July 17, Searchlight (Redding, California) - THOMAS J. MCCABE DIES IN HOSPITAL - Kick of a Horse Proves Fatal to Cottonwood Farmer - Woodland, July 16 - Thomas J. McCabe, 66, for thirty-five years a widely known rancher of Cottonwood, Shasta county, died in a hospital here yesterday as the result of a kick in the groin by a horse. He was a native of Indiana.

Surviving are the widow, six daughters and two sons and four brothers and one sister.

Thomas J. McCabe was postmaster at Cottonwood for a good many years.

He had a small farm north of Cottonwood and was one of the first in the district to get the full benefit of irrigation. McCabe was a highly respected citizen.~

1925 February 21, Denver C. Jamerson, Postmaster.

1933 August 31, Alfred F. Seale, Postmaster.

1971 July 17, Mr. Manville L. Hatcher, Postmaster.





1888 March 9, A 4th Class Post Office established as Dana, Shasta County, California located 14 miles NW of Fall River Mills per the Postal Route Map. Named for the Loren Dana Family who operated a lumber mill there.

1888 March 9, Elmer D. Boyes, First Postmaster.

1891 July 24, Ethan Boyes, Postmaster.

1891 September 12, Mrs. Elizabeth A. Boyes, Postmaster.

1898 May 21, Charles E. Archer, Postmaster.

1900 October 1, John H. Crum, Postmaster.

1902 January 14, Hiram F. Crum, Postmaster.

1903 March 27, Samuel O. Rock, Postmaster.

1904 April 19, David Ripley, Postmaster.

1904 April 20, San Francisco Chronicle - New Postmasters named, Washington, April 19 - California Postmasters appointed to-day:  Dana, Shasta county, David Ripley.

1907 December 16, Louis Brewster, Postmaster.

1929 January 3, George Brewster, Postmaster.

1976 April 29, Inter Mountain News - 10th article in a series by Lillian Kent and Norman Smith. Most of the information obtained from the Fort Crook Museum. The town of Dana was named for a man by the name of George Dana [Loren Dana, George's father] who owned a large acreage of the property around Dana. His place comprised the two heads of Fall River, Big Springs (or Rainbow Springs) as some call it, now the property of Zareda Jensen; and the other head is comprised of a Million Springs, heading Mallard Creek, a branch of Fall River with springs large and small coming out of the lavas. This place is now owned by Dr. Vincent Meyer, these two branches come together about a half mile below the Rainbow Springs.

Mr. Dana had a sawmill just below the Rainbow Springs, run by water power, supplying local residents with necessary lumber in the 1880's. The first School House was on his property, and was called the Fort Crook School District. 7 August 1877, it was a Log House, and was on the corner between the road and the present school building, this housed the school from the 1880's until the new school was built sometime before 1890. This school was in operation continually until Unification of the Districts.

Last July 26, 1964, Mrs. Sadie McKay Hayes, a teacher in this district in 1894, came to visit the School House together with two of her former pupils. Recalling many memories she taught the nine grades from one to ninth, our playground equipment was the small pine trees, large enough to climb up and swing back and forth, the games were Town Ball (baseball), Hide and Seek and Teeter Board - a board balanced on a log.

Christmas was the one feature of the year, a program with all participating, a large Christmas Tree decorated with popcorn strings and numerous Christmas candles lit to give brilliance to the occasion, the branches laden with gifts for all. No fear of fire in those days. Some of the pupils walked from one to five miles distant to attend, if the snow was frozen they walked on top of the snow or came on snowshoes, some were fortunate to have a horse to ride so would pick up those along the way, as long as there was room enough on the horse's back.

At one time Dana comprised of a Post Office, Hotel Stage Stop, Herod's General Merchandise Store with a large hall on the second story where many Holiday dances were held to the music of Bosworth's Orchestra - the orchestra consisted of four pieces, Violin, Bert; Clarinet, Curt; Guitar Gell and Organ, Birdie Hulsey Melone and Rachel Peck Brown (Willard Brown's mother). They began playing in the early evening and continued until daylight the next morning, coming in sleighs from Cayton Valley, during wintertime. Other enjoyments for the community were Play Parties at different homes in the winter time. Summer time found all too busy for parties. Beyond Dana, one mile, was the Hill Hotel and stopping place. Mr. Hill had made a competitive road joining the Boyce Road at Dixon Flat, claiming not so much hill to travel. However, today the main road travels the old Boyce Road over the Boyce Grade and the Hill Road is almost abandoned.

At one time the Hill place had a Post Office named Alpha, which was in existence just a few years as well as a newspaper printed there for about the same length of time. The newspaper was of short duration and we do not know of any copies in existence.

In 1916, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Harden took over the hotel and Stopping Place for several years. One year in the 1890's Mr. Hill experienced a great loss of cattle resulting of deep snow, a thaw that caused flood waters around his home and many of his cattle were drowned as well as frozen in the flood waters thus causing them to be left for several weeks until the thaw came so they could be removed. Of course all neighbors helped in any way they could.

The changing of ownership of much of the property around Dana has made a different picture from the original one. The Fort Crook District School House still stands but is gradually being destroyed, to our sorrow.~



1918 March 22, A 4th Class Post Officee established as Deerhaven, Shasta County, California located 3 miles north of Hazel Creek in a meadow where deer liked to graze.

1918 March 22, Raella Ferguson, first and only Postmaster.

1919 June 14, Deerhaven post Office discontinued and the service moved to Hazel Creek.


Delta > Slate Creek > Bayles > Delta

See also:  Bayles

1859, Mining Camp called Dog Creek.

1871, Sim Southern and J. S. Cameron kept an Inn. Washington Farleigh, Hotel Propreitor; E. Phillips, General Merchandise. Mail for residents addressed to Shasta, 39 miles south.

1875 August 10, 4th Class Post Office as Delta, Shasta County, California. Named for the Greek letter formed by the intersection of the Sacramento River and Dog Creek at the site.  Some folks called their community Dog Creek, however, that was the name used more for the headwaters than the mouth of the stream. There was also a mountain peak called Delta Point 1 1/4 miles southeast of LaMoine. The route of the railroad tended to follow along the Sacramento River. Original location 24 miles SW of Dunsmuir.

1875 August 10, William T. Smith, First Postmaster.

1880 June 3, Post Office discontinued. Post Office moved 4 miles north and name changed to Slate Creek, Shasta County, California. Located 5 miles north of Bayles. Named for type of rock exposed by the creek.

1880 June 3, James S. Smithson, First Postmaster for Slate Creek.

1881 March 30, Edward J. Curtis, Postmaster.

1882 November 20, Francis "Frank" M. Whitlow, Postmaster.

1885 June 18, Slate Creek P.O. discontinued and service moved to Bayles.

1912 November 11, Boston Journal (Boston, Massachusetts), Redding, Cal., Nov 8 - Bandits Loot the Shasta Limited - The north-bound Shasta Limited, the Southern Pacific Coast Train deluxe, was held up and robbed and one bandit was killed at Delta. thirty miles north of here tonight.  A companion of the dead bandit escaped with the registered mail. None of the passengers was injured. A plucky brakeman nearly frustrated the robbers and accounted for the one killed.~

1944, Mrs. Louella McVey appointed Postmaster at Bayles.

*1945 May 1, Delta re-established from Bayles Post Office.

*1945 June 13, Mrs. Louella McVey, Postmaster.

1954 June 30, Post Office discontinued and service moved to Dunsmuir in Siskiyou County, California.

* Date could be 1948. More research needed.