Cayton Valley, a valley 3.5 miles north-northeast of Burney Falls - William Cayton settled here in 1855 - Cayton, a locality, within Cayton Valley, 3.25 miles north-northeast of Burney Falls - Cayton Creek, stream flows 3 miles to Lake Britton 2 miles north-northeast of Burney Falls - Post Office - Schools:  Cayton Valley, Fremont - Voting Precinct - farming and ranching -

1855, William Cayton settled in a valley 14 miles northeast of Burney Valley in 1855.~

1873 May 28, Sacramento Daily Union - DIED - Cayton Valley, Shasta County, May 3rd, John Alexander SNELL, a native of Kentucky, 50 years, 10 months,  and 9 days.

1877, Residents of Cayton Valley per the Great Register for the County of Shasta, 1877 were: 1198, Daniel Page MERRILL, Massachusetts, Farmer; 1897, John Cobb WHITE, Missouri, Farmer.~

1884 May 14, A 4th Class Post Office was established as Cayton, Shasta County, California  located 14 miles NE of Burney and 16 miles NW of Fall River Mills. Named for William Cayton who came to the Valley in 1855.

Andrew Jackson Opdyke was the first postmaster. The 4th Class Post Office lasted until 30 June 1951 when the mail came through the Burney Post Office.~

"The first post office in Cayton was established by Jack Opdyke [Andrew Jackson Opdyke], a Civil War Veteran. He wrote to Washington D.C. for permission. Mail was brought out from Burney three days a week by horse and cart. Mary House ran the post office after Mr. Opdyke. Gill Bosworth [Charles Gilbert Bosworth] was the third postmaster. From 1910 to 1938 John and Anna Bidwell [John Nero Bidwell and wife, Anna Mae Littrell Bidwell], early settlers, ran the post office. In 1938, Percy Norris took it over." -Early Cayton History by Elsie Bosworth; [square brackets by Jo Giessner]~

1886 May 1, Shasta Courier - CAYTON VALLEY, one of the most beautiful little valleys on Pit River, is well settled up by a thrifty population and has a good public school taught by Miss Eddy. The valley was named after William Cayton, an old and well-known pioneer. When we passed through the valley, there were but two settlers there. A. J. Opdyke is Postmaster, but he don't put on airs on account of holding a Federal office.~

1886 September 18, Shasta Courier - Superintendent Visit - Cayton Valley: Primary enrollment, 17; C.E. Schoonover, teacher. Mr. Schoonover is a young teacher, this being his first term, but earnest and enthusiastic and will no doubt do well. The house is new and fairly furnished. N.C. Bosworth, clerk.~

1887 July 30, Shasta Republican-CAYTON VALLEY is about fifteen miles southwest from Fall River Valley on Pit River, and is devoted mostly to stock raising, although the soil is adapted to the growth of all the cereals, as well as the fruit-culture.~

1891 August 8, Shasta Courier - Teachers Appointed - Amanda Simmons, Cayton Valley.~

1893 February 25Shasta Courier - Summer Schools Contacted Teachers - Florence Hays, Cayton Valley School.~

1893 November 20, Mary House, Postmaster.~

1895 August 10, Shasta Courier - Carrie Bosworth was assigned as teacher for the coming term at Cayton Valley School.~

1895 August 19, San Francisco Chronicle -Shasta County Teachers, Cayton Valley School:  Ackie Sheridan.~

1895 November 23Shasta Courier- The school at Cayton Valley, valued at $500., was destroyed by fire last week.~

1896 March 26, Mary Brown, Postmaster.~

1896 December 18, Albert H. Bosworth, Postmaster.~

1897 September 11Shasta Courier - Teacher List - Cayton Valley:  Carrie Bosworth.~

1898 April 9, Andrew Jackson Opdyke, Postmaster.~

1899 August 12, Searchlight, Redding, California - Shasta's List of School Teachers - Cayton Valley:  Mrs. R.B. Hays.~

1900 - Teacher:  Miss Abbie B. Latham. Students:  Etta, Pearl and Lee Cramer; Leila and Harold Snell; Hattie and Roy Houston; Ella House; Paul, Perry and Charlie Opdyke; Ellen and Nellie Bosworth.~

1902, Shasta County, Cayton, Voters Precinct:  Arkwright, Manuel, 45; Bidwell, John N., 28; Blake, William Lee, 38; Bosworth, Edward A., 65; Bosworth, David Curtis, 47; Bosworth, Charles Gelert, 31; Bosworth, Walter Scott, 30; Bragg, Jeddiah F., 58; Burton, Charles Aubrey, 30; Cramer, James Monroe, 57; Cummings, Thomas Frederick, 45; Henninger, Isaac, 53; Houston, Frank A., 52; Houston, Harry R., 23; Lindsey, Levi, 40; Opdyke, Andrew Jackson, 65; Rhoades, William, 75; Rhoades, James Wesley, 57; Rhoades, Edmond, 45; Rhoades, John K., 27; Snell, John A., 37; St. John, William Vincent, 47; Summers, Samuel Sterling, 72; Summers, Samuel Sterling, 28; Wade, James, 84.~

1903 - Pauline Jackson, Augusta Marsh, Teachers.~

1904 - Augusta Marsh, Abbie P. Wright, Teachers.~

1905 - Sara Hennigan, M. Hudspeth, Teachers,.~

1906 - Mrs. L. Kirk (Gussie Kelly), Harriett Davis, Teachers.~

1908 October 3, John Nero Bidwell, Postmaster.~

1908 November 10, Fremont School established.~

1911 July 8, Sacramento Union, Teachers Appointed - Effie Allwardt, Cayton Valley and Leila C. Snell, Fremont.~

1914 April 14, Sacramento Union, BORN - Haley - At Cayton (Shasta, Co.), April 5, 1914, to the wife of Alonzo Haley, a son.~

1914 June 30, Sacramento Union - BORN - Bosworth - At Cayton (Shasta Co.), June 14, 1914, to the wife of Walter Bosworth, a son.~

1923 April 13, Searchlight, Redding, California - IN CAYTON VALLEY -Born, in Cayton, California, January 10, 1923, to Mr. and Mrs Matteo Pasero, a son--Ernest Pasero.~

1923 September 28, Searchlight, Redding, California -...A peculiar situation developed in the Pacific District, which embraces Pit. No. 1. Since construction work in that camp has been completed the population has shifted largely to Pit. No. 3, where great construction work is under way. Pit. No. 3 is outside the Pacific District and is in the Cayton District.

The County Supoerintendent has arranged that Cayton District will have two schools--one in the Cayton School house and another five miles away in the new camp. The Pacifc Gas and Electric Company will put up a building for the new schoo and Mrs. W.N. Allisonm of Pit No. 1 will be the teacher. Mrs. Laura Greer will teach the regular Cayton School. The arrangement is really a consolidation for the year of the Pacific and  Cayton districts, though both schools will be in the latter.~

1938 June 16, Percy E. Norris, Postmaster.~

1941 - Nell Erickson, Teacher.~

1941 - Clerk, S.S. Summers.~

1951 June 30, Cayton Post Office discontinued and the service moved to Burney.~


Cedar Creek School District

See:  Round Mountain


Cedar Grove School District

See:  Whitmore



Centerville, Centreville,  locality, 6.5 miles southwest of Redding - Mining District, some mines being Yankee John Mine, Three R Mine, Little Frog Mine, Midnight Mine and others - School - Post Office, Larkin from 1899 to 1912 - Melissa Larkin, Postmistress - Wife of John Larkin who ran a store and saloon and was Coronor for Shasta County, 1911 - 1929 -

1856 February 5, San Francisco Bulletin, from Shasta Courier -Near Centreville, one company last week took out one piece of pure gold weighing sixty-one ounces, and other companies, although they cannot boast of a single piece of such extraordinary weight, have in the aggregate done equally as well.~

1871, Pacific Coast Business directory - Centerville, Shasta County, Post Office address = Shasta, located 6 miles south of Shasta.  P. DePray has a general merchandise store.

1871 November 8, Centerville School established. Centerville so named for being in the center of the Clear Creek Mining District. Centerville School District was formed from the consolidation to serve the children of Middletown, Horsetown and Texas Springs at a more central point. Thus when the school house was built it was in a more central location for the three settlements and took the name of Centerville School District.~

1871 November 18Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Board of Supervisors - On petition of patrons of Horsetown, Middletown, and Texas Springs School districts, it was ordered that said districts be consolidated with the school house permanently located at Centreville.~

1881 July 23, Shasta Courier - List of School District Clerks - Centerville, James Brincard of Shasta.~

1895 August 19, San Francisco Chronicle, Shasta County Teachers - Centerville School:  Tessie Carr.~

1879 May 6, Bells School District established. Formerly Centerville.~

1879 May 12, Bells School District re-named Clear Creek School District.~

1886, Republican Free Press - An old California miner named Becker, who has mined all over the Pacific Coast, last week struck what he believes to be a rich mine about one and a half miles west of Ceneterville near Clear Creek. It is an immense deposit, claimed to resemble greatly the rich tellurium ore in the Salt Creek Mine belonging to Schearer & Rattler. It is certain that some of the ore carries free gold as we panned it out. Becker has a good claim in New River and one in Klamath in Siskiyou County also which he discovered the past summer.~

1888 Feb 2, - An immense ledge of quartz bearing heavy gold and silver sulphurets, assaying well up in the hundreds, is being worked in the flat near Centerville, Shasta County.~

1889 June 12, San Francisco Bulletin, The Redding Democrat says:  A new quartz discovery was made by an old prospector named Brown, about two weeks ago on the old Gage place on the divide between Shasta and Centerville that promises to make a rich mine. Two claims were located,  one on the Gage place and the other just off and adjoining. The Gage place is deeded land and belongs to Mr.Walden, who is at present farming in Happy Valley. Brown sold the outside location to Jim Beecher of Anderson and a Hayden Hill miner named Hall for $1000. and last week they were offered $3000. profit on their bargain. Beecher and Hall are sinking on their claim and we are told they take out as high as $4.00 to the pan. This discovery has caused quite an excitement in that vicinity.~

1895 August 19, San Francisco Chronicle - Shasta County Teachers - Clear Creek School:  Mrs. George Smith.~

1899 August 12Searchlight, Redding, California, Shasta's List of School Teachers, Centerville:  Lulu White.~

1899 December 3Searchlight, Redding, California, Miss Lulu White, teacher of the Centerville School, is spending Saturday and Sunday in town with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. C.G. white, and brothers and sisters.~

1911 July 8Sacramento Union - Teachers Appointed - Laura Ballou.~

1915 August 11Searchlight - GOING DEEPER - The trustees of the Centerville district set men at work on the school house well Monday. The first contractors went forty feet and struck coal but no water. The district is about out of funds and if water is not struck in a very few feet, Centerville district will be as dry as the school house is reported to be on election days.~


Central School District

See: Anderson


Central Spur

1915 September 2, Searchlight, Redding, California - NEW FOOTBRIDGE SPANS RIVER AT OLD DIGGINGS - OLD GOLD CAMP NOW HAS AN OUTLET TO THE RAILROAD - LOCAL PASSENGER TRAINS ORDERED TO STOP AT CENTRAL SPUR INSTEAD OF AT CUARGO, A QUARTER OF A MILE FARTHER NORTH - This old mining camp once more has an outlet across the river to the railroad at Central Spur. A new footbridge has been completed by public subscription and some assistance from the County. It has a span of 303 feet and a footway four feet wide. The structure is staunch and does not "teeter."

The Mammoth Copper Company gave the cables, which, though old and out of commission for mining purposes, serve as well as new ones. The County gave $250. If the footbridge had been built wholly of new material it would have cost $1,250. As it stands the cash outlay has been about $500. A little more money is needed to square accounts.

As long as the Mammoth Copper Company's bridge at Cuargo -- a quater of of a mile up stream from Central Spur -- was in repair, the footbridge along side served the people of Old Diggings very well, but one end of the mammoth bridge was carried away during the high water of spring and the company did not care to repair the break at present.

So for months the people of Old Diggings had been barred from going to Redding by the railroad unless they made the long walk down the east side of the river to the footbridge at Keswick.

When the Mammoth bridge was in condition, all trains stopped at Cuargo. Now all local trains stop on flag at Central Spur. A.A. Anthony, who took an active part in promoting the building of the new footbridge, had no trouble whatever in inducing Superintendent Metcalf of the Shasta Division to make the necessary order causing passenger train to stop at Central Spur instead of Cuargo.

So, when anyone wants to come to Old Diggings after this he should buy his ticket to Central Spur, not to Cuargo.


Central Valley

AKA:  Boomtown

1938 July 12,  2nd Class U.S. Post Office established as Central Valley, Shasta County, California. Names stems from the Central Valley Project which included the building of Shasta Dam. Located 9 miles north of Redding and 9 miles southest of Kennett, the site was once called Boomtown.  Royal Hiebert was the first postmaster.

1941 May 1, Thomas B. Mullen, Postmaster.

1941 September 1, Thomas G. Boothroyd, Postmaster.

1966 December 30, Leona M. Wade, Postmaster.



Yes, we had our own settlement called Chicago near the Chicago Mine near Igo.

1868 August 15Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Election Precincts - Chicago:  T.B. Stoddart, Inspector; R.M. Bottsford and H.C. Jacobson, Judges; G.K. Willard and J.B. Batchelder, Alternates.~

1877The Great Register of the County of Shasta, California,  had local residents listed:

Joseph Benson BATCHELER, New York, District Recorder, Chicago; Noah Smith BATCHELER, New York, Farmer, Chicago; Hosea DIXON, Missouri, Miner, Chicago; Samuel HUBBARD, Ohio, Cooper, Chicago; Henry Christian JACOBSON, Denmark, Miner, Chicago (San Francisco County); Evans Logan JONES, Indiana, Farmer, Chicago; Horace A. LEMMON, Pennsylvania, Hotel Keeper, Chicago Mine; Marcus Hodges PECK, USA, Miner, Chicago; William Hall PAYNE, Ohio, Carpenter, Chicago; Franklin Clark TIFFIN, USA, Miner, Chicago; John Edward TIFFIN, USA, Blacksmith, Chicago; George Kittredge WILLARD, USA, Merchant, Chicago.~

1880 March 15, San Francisco Bulletin - The old tunnel of the Chicago mine of Igo owned by O. Engle has been cleaned out and 90 tons of ore sent below.~

1881 June 6San Francisco Bulletin - Mining interests in Igo are brisk. The gravel elevators give satisfaction. The Chicago mine is turning out bullion.~

1969 July 11Letter from Richard B. Eaton - "Piety Hill did not become Igo, but in 1866 the remaining inhabitants of Piety Hill moved to Igo, which is about 1/2 mile away. Piety Hill was then a declining placer mining camp, wheras Igo was founded to serve the needs of a large new quartz mine, the Chicago."




Churn Creek is a stream that flows 20 miles to the Sacramento River, 1.5 miles north of Anderson - Churntown located on the upper portion of Churn Creek, 6.25 miles north of Redding - Mining Camps -Lumber mill - Election Precinct - The first attempts in prospecting and mining the area in 1849, lead to difficulties wiith the Indians who felt the miners should stay on the west side of the Sacramento River -

1858 August 28, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Election - J.S.P. Bass, Inspector; J.B. Potter and H.C. Street, Judges.~

1859 August 6, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Election - J.S.P. Bass, Inspector; W.C. Dix and P. Mallee, Judges.~

1862 November 6, Churntown School established.~

1863 January 12, U.S. Post Office established as Churntown, Shasta County, California. Name taken from nearby Churn Creek. Located 7 miles northeast of Shasta and 12 miles southeast of Whisky Creek per the application submitted for the post office.

Sylvester Hull, First Postmaster.~

1866 December 12, Post Office discontinued and service moved to Shasta.~

1867 January 10, San Francisco Bulletin, Postal Affairs - "By order of the Postmaster General, the office at Shasta is to take possession of the effects, etc., of the office at Churntown, Shasta county, the latter being discontinued.~

1868 May 23, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - STEAM SAW MILL - R.C. Babcock has sold the machinery of the Copper City steam saw mill to N.C. Farrington and George Myers, who intend to remove it to a point near Churntown and there engage in the manufacture of lumber. As there is no mill in operation in that locality, lumber is very scarce and in great demand. A mill at Churntown will undoubtedly prove good property.~

1868 August 15, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Election Precincts - Churntown:  L. Gregory, Inspector; George Myers and J.S.P. Bass, Judges; B. Snow and N. Farrington, Alternates.~

1868 September 26, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - LUMBER - Farrington & Myers have completed their steam sawmill at Churntown, and are now manufacturing lumber to order. Such an enterprise will prove convenience to farmers and miners on the east side of the river. They say they will sell lower than anybody. Try Them.~

1885 May 4, Churntown School re-established.~

1895 August 19, San Francisco Chronicle, Shasta County Teachers - Churntown School:  W.A. Brooke.~

1899 August 12Searchlight, Redding, California, Shasta's List of School Teachers, Churntown:  Lena Dale.

1899 October 28, Searchlight, Redding, California - TO BUILD WAGON ROADS - D.G. Brake returned Friday to the New Discovery quartz mine in which he has a third interest. The New Discovery is located about four miles this side of Kennet, a mile east of the river, in the Churntown Mining District. The mine has proved a bonanza, the first and only shipment of ore averaging $42. a ton. To facilitate the hauling of the ore to the smelters, a wagon road eight miles in length to the Old Diggings District is to be constructed.~

1908 - Miss Olive E. Fish, Teacher.~

1911 July 8, Sacramento Union - Teachers Appointed - Anna Tillman.~

1915 April 3, Searchlight, Redding, California - Miss Mabel Hufford, who has just closed the term of school at Churntown, left Redding for Anderson Friday morning. Miss Hufford's home is near Millville.~

1938 October 4, Churntown School re-established.~


Clear Creek

A Stream originating in the Trinity Mountains and flowing in Shasta County 57 miles to Sacramento River, 5.5 miles south-southeast of Redding. - Since Whiskeytown Lake Project:  Flows into Whiskeytown Lake. - Beyond Whiskeytown Lake, the stream bed continues south until its confluence with the Sacramento River. [Girvan]. -French Gulch (Community) is located along the stream before it flows into Whiskeytown Lake.- Paige Boulder Creek - stream - flows 3.5 miles to Clear Creek, 5.25 miles north of Igo. - Kanaka Creek - stream - flows 3.5 miles to Clear Creek, 3 miles north of Igo. - South Fork of Clear Creek - stream - flows 7.5 miles enters Clear Creek 1 mile northeast of Igo -Andrews Creek feeds into South Fork of Clear Creek.~

1854, Clear Creek School established. Also, 12 May 1879.

1855 February 24, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - BIRTH - At Clear Creek, on the 15th inst., Mrs. N.C. Farrington, of a daughter.~

1855 March 1, Daily Alta California, BIRTHS - At Clear Creek, Shasta County, February 15th, Mrs. N.C. Farmington, of a daughter.~

1859 August 6, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Election - C.M. McKinney, Inspector; Stephen Lean and Isaac Flood, Judges.~

1862 February 15, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Board of Supervisors - License granted to A.R. Andrews to run a ferry across Clear Creek.~

1863 September 5, Sacramento Daily Union - Horsetown, Shasta county, Sept 4th - A Chinese camp about five miles from here, on Clear Creek, was robbed of five hundred dollars last night, supposed to have been done by four men who came there on the 2d instant, and who are missing this morning.~

1867 October 15, Marysville Daily Appeal - BORN - On Clear Creek, Shasta County, October 7th, to Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Bainbridge, a son.~

1879 May 12, School re-established as Clear Creek from Bells.~

1881 July 23, Shasta Courier, List of School district Clerks - Clear Creek, J.W. Forester of Redding.~

1899 August 12, Searchlight, Redding, California, Shasta's List of School Teachers, Clear Creek:  Maude Anderson.~

1899 November 21, Searchlight, Redding, California - Mining Claims Located - Filed Nov 20th:  Nathanial Hill:  H.H. Placer Claim, Clear Creek Mining District.~

1899 December 10, Searchlight, Redding, California - Miss Maude Anderson, teacher of the Clear Creek school, left Satuday for her home in Anderson to spend Sunday after visiting Redding the previous evening.

1903 - Clara Hufford, Nora Ashfield, Teachers, Clear Creek.~

1904 July 15Weekly Searchlight, Redding, California - The county superintendent has not yet received official notice of the fact, but it is believed that Miss Hannah Ducray has been chosen as the teacher of the Clear Creek School.~

1905 - Nora Ashfield, Teacher, Clear Creek.~

1906 - Mrs. Alice Tracie, Teacher, Clear Creek.~

1911 July 8Sacramento Union - Teachers Appointed - Clear Creek, Mattie L. Bidwell.~

 1913 January 28, Record Searchlight (Redding, CA) - CLEAR CREEK FARMS ARE TO BE DREDGED - ORO LIGHT & POWER COMPANY BONDS MUCH AND SOUTH OF CITY - A deal of more than ordinary importance in the dredging world is closed or about to be so, on Clear Creek, where a number of the farmers have bonded their holdings to the Oro Light & power Company of Oroville. This company has been prospecting for several months, a fact which has already been noted in these columns. The results have been excellent.

The ranches to be taken over are known as the McMullen, Peterson, Haskin, Gibson, Jones, Lutman, McCormick & Saeltser, and there are possible one or two others.

A factor, which will be of much advantage in the mining of the properties,is the closeness of the railroad and Girvan. All machinery and other necessary material to prosecute work has been ordered. It is expected that active developments will soon be launched.

The closing of this sale will mean an outlay of many thousand dollars giving an impetus to gold dredging in Shasta county such as it has never had before.~

1916 March 14, Red Bluff Daily News - RED BLUFF MAN GIVEN CONTRACT WIRING DREDGER - C. C. Cowles, a well known electrician of this city, has just been awarded the contract for wiring a $500,000 dredger being built on Clear Creek in Shasta county by a mining concern. Cowles will leave here Wednesday and expects to spend three weeks on the job.~


Clear Creek Ditch

1861 January 5, Shasta Courier - Up Again - The large flume of the Clear Creek ditch, just above West Point House which was partly prostrated by the recent storms and floods, has been repaired, and the mining regions of Horsetown, Middletown, etc., are again in the enjoyment of an abundant supply of water.~

1884,  Newsclipping pasted in a scrapbook and then photocopied:  It now seems certain that the owners of the Clear Creek ditch, that has lain idle so long, are going to work in earnest to put that ditch property in repair and make it useful. It will be a boon to a number of miners around Horsetown and Centerville. Mr. M.F. Truett, superintendent of the ditch, to-day advertises in this paper that he desires to let a contract for furnishing 250,000 feet of good, sawed timber, to be delivered on and along the line of the ditch. Her's a chance for our lumbermen. The miners and small farmers whose property is adjacent to this ditch have for a long time been waiting for it to be re-opened, and doubtless this good news will make them feel happy again. All Western Shasta will be greatly benefitted by the re-opening of this ditch.~


Clover Creek

Clover Creek, a stream, flows 28 miles to Cow Creek, .5 mile west-northwest of Millville - Clover Creek Valley about 8 miles northeast of Millville along Clover Creek - Clover Creek Springs, head of Clover Creek, 9.5 miles northeast of Whitmore - 

1858 August 5, Clover Creek School District established.~

1870 May 14, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Board of Supervisors - Ordered that the petition of citizens of Millville and Clover Creek School Dist. for change so as to throw South Cow Creek Valley into Clover Creek District, by commencing near the Township line where it crosses Old Cow Creek, thence running south to Bear Creek, thence up Bear Creek to the head of said creek, be granted, and the change is hereby made.~

1888 May 10, Mason School established.~

1895 August 19, San Francisco Chronicle, Shasta County Teachers - Clover Creek School:  Carrie Greer.~

1895 August 19, San Franciso Chronicle - Shasta County Teachers - Mason School:  John Whitmore.~

1899 August 12Searchlight, Redding, California - Shasta's List of School Teachers- Clover Creek:  Ella Martin.~

1908 - Mrs. A. Leschinsky, Teacher, Clover Creek.~

1911 July 8Sacramento Union, Teachers Appointed - Clover Creek: Mrs. A. Leschinsky.~

1911 July 8, Sacramento Union - Teachers Appointed - Mason:  Margaret O'Meara.~

1923 July 29Searchlight, Redding, California - TEACHER IN CLOVER CREEK - Mrs. Martha Tucker has been engaged to teach the school in Clover Creek. She lives in Whitmore.~



Coleman Power House - Coleman National Fish Hatchery - Battle Creek - 

1910 June 13, Sacramento Bee - ...Starting on Fifth Plant - Construction work has just commenced on a fifth power plant, the largest of all. It will be installed at the Coleman place in Horseshoe Bend, three miles above the junction of Battle Creek with the Sacramento River. The Horseshoe Bend plant will have the enormous output of 20,000 horsepower. Here the water of Battle Creek will be utilized for the fourth time, and under a vertical pressure of 480 feet. This plant will be ten miles from Inskip. The water ditch will be ten miles long. Two steam shovels are now digging the ditch. Two traction engines are employed hauling machinery and supplies...~

1942, The Coleman National Fish Hatchery, Battle Creek, Shasta County, was established in 1942 to mitigate the loss of natural salmon to historic spawning areas. Until construction of Shasta and Keswick Dams, Chinook salmon and steehheard trout migrated to the upper reaches of the Sacramento, Pit and McCoud rivers to spawn.


Columbia School District

See:  Poverty Ridge



AKA:  Conant Spur. No Post Office. Located 2 miles south of Castella along the Southern Pacific Railroad. Named for mining, lumberman, politician, William R. Conant who kept a home here until it burned. 

1892 September 3, Free Press, Redding, California - William R. Conant authorizes us to announce his name for supervisor of the Fourth District. Without disparagement to the other candidates, we will give it as out opinion that Mr. Conant, if nominated, will make a vigorous candidate, and that he will make a red-hot campaign to win. It will be a three-cornered fight, and he will be in it. He has lived among us quite a number of years, and has been interested personally in our mineral development, which he has aided to the best of his ability. If elected, he will doubtless look well to county interests.~

1899 May 24, Searchlight, Redding, California - William R. Conant returned to his home at Conant's Spur Tuesday morning after a short business visit here.~

1899 August 12, Searchlight, Redding, California - W.R. Conant of Conant's Spur was in this city on business Thursday.~

1899 August 20, Searchlight, Redding, California - A DEFECTIVE FLUE - John Wm. Hare, the insurance man, received word yesterday afternoon that the home of William R. Conant, at Conant's Spur, had been destroyed by fire on the day previous. The fire was probably caused by a defective flue. The building was insured for $300 and the contents for the same amount.~

1899 October 17, Searchlight, Redding, California - Jesse Sutton of Anderson took advantage of the first northbound overland Sunday evening under the new schedule to run up to Conant Spur for a brief visit with his son, Passe, who is engaged in logging there.~

1899 November 11, Searchlight, Redding, California - Constable H.F. Williams of Castella was down Friday on business before the Board of Supervisors. He says the lumber season is nearly at an end in his region. The Wheeler mill has closed and Coggins Brothers and Conant will be forced to do so soon by the weather.~

1915 February 23, Searchlight, Redding, California - William Conant, a farmer of Castella, was an arrival in this city Monday evening. Mr. Conant reports very deep snow on the mountains, the deepest in years.~

1915 December 10, Searchlight, Redding, California - C.R. Pickering, the undertaker, took passage last evening for Conant, to take charge of the body of Val Carson, whose death occurred yesterday.~



AKA:  Motion Creek; Motion; Camp Bailey

1859 August 6, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Judges and Inspectors of Election - For 7th day of September 1859 - Motion Creek:  Inspector:  Thomas Riggs; Judges:  W. Conway, Charles Mockson.~

1860 October 13, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Judges and Inspectors of Election - for 6th day of November 1860:   Motion Creek:  Inspector: Thomas Riggs; Judges:  W. Conway, Michael Smith.~

1886 August 20, 4th Class U.S. Post Office established as Copley, Shasta County, California. Named for the operator of the vacation resort; located 7 1/2 miles north of Waugh and 8 miles south of Kennett.

Miss Anna M. Nichols, first postmaster.~

1891 May 28, Evening News (San Jose, California) - A Shasta Postmaster Will Have To Stand Trial - San Francisco, May 28 - United States Commissioner to-day held Postmaster Nicholls of Cossley [Copley], Shasta County, in one thousand dollar bonds for opening letters addressed to other persons.~

1892 March 5, Free Press, Redding, California - DIED - At Copley, Shasta County, California, February 27, 1892, Catherine F. Nichols, beloved wife of W.W. Nichols, a native of county Cork, Ireland, aged 57 yearts, 1 month, 11 days. The funeral services were held at the family residence at the hour of 3p.m. Monday, February 20, 1892.~

1894 August 3, Jesse J. Gregory, Postmaster.~

1897 May 26, Dennis McCarthy, Postmaster.~

1897 November 29, Patrick H. Roan, Postmaster.~

1899 October 19Searchlight (Redding, CA) - It is reported that Miss Nora Ashfield, teacher of the Copley school has the mumps. That disease is prevalent at Copley.~

1899 November 5Searchlight (Redding, California) Miss Nora Ashfield, who is teaching the Copley School, returned to the scene of her duties Saturday evening after spending the day here with her mother, brothers and sisters.~

1901 November 2, Louis Heller, Postmaster.~

1903 April 6,  Edward J. Maltby, Postmaster.~

1903 April 7,  San Francisco Chronicle - Washington April 6, 1903 - Edward J. Maltby was to-day appointed postmaster at Copley, Shasta County, California.~

1904 July 15, Weekly Searchlight, Redding, California - Copley's Summer School - The Copley school, in the Flat Creek district, which recently closed its winter term, is to be a summer school from now on. Miss Clara Donley, who taught the winter term, is now teaching the summer term.~

1907 May 7, Jennie M. Maltby, Postmaster.~

1913 May 15, Copley post office discontinued. Service moved to Keswick.~

1913 May 19, Sacramento Union - Post Offices discontinued:  Copley, Shasta County; mail to Keswick.~

1915 January 3, Searchlight, Redding, California - PIONEER WOMAN OF COPLEY DIES IN SOUTH - Mrs. Jennie Maltby died in San Diego [California] Thursday night, according to a dispatch received by the Houston Undertaking Company Friday evening. Mrs. Maltby lived in Copley for sixteen years. In recent years she conducted the hotel, store and postoffice at the water tank town. She went to San Diego less than a year ago. Mrs. Maltby leaves three sisters and two brothers:  Mrs. D. McCarthy, Oakland; Kate F. Salnave, Dunsmuir; Mrs. T.W. McLaughlin, Redding; George Nichols, Kennent; and ?. Mrs. Maltby was born in Nevada County 56 years ago. The funeral which will be private will be held in Redding. The body will probably arrive Monday. Then the time for the funeral will be set.~

1923 February 23, Searchlight, Redding, California - John Dineen of Motion was in Redding Thursday. He was in Business in Motion years ago, when the station was mapped as Copley. He returned to the old stamping ground eight months ago.~


Copper City > Ydalpom

Towns within the Pittsburg Mining District.

1863 April 11, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - COPPER CITY - This new town, which has sprung up in the Pittsburg mining district since the late discoveries of silver and copper in the county, is now in a thriving and growing condition. There are now at that place 40 camps or tents, 7 frame houses, 14 saloons, 6 eating houses, 2 grocery stores, 1 dry good store, 1 blacksmith shop, 1 butcher shop, 1 bakery, besides other places of business reminding one of the early days of California when towns sprung up as if by magic. This town possess one peculiarity seldom seen in other places - it is fenced in by O.R. Johnson and Captain Johnson, of Red Bluff, who claim that they have a title to the town site.~

1863 April 18, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - PETITION FOR A NEW MAIL ROUTE - A petition, numerously signed, has been forwarded to the Post office Department, asking for a tri-weekly post route between Shasta and Copper City and Pittsburg, in this county, where the new silver mines are situated. The rapid increase of the population in that section and situated as they are about twenty-five miles from any mail facilities, renders the establishment of this route necessary, and one that will soon pay its own expenses.~

1863 July 25, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - TURNPIKE ROAD TO PITTSBURG MINES - Messrs J.J. Bell & Co. have completed their toll road from the Sacramento Valley to Copper City, in the Pittsburg mining district with a grade not exceeding fifteen inches to the rod. They have purchased the ferry right of the Worley Brothers on Pit River, and have placed a large and safe boat on the river, which renders it perfectly safe for large freight wagons to cross with ease. This road is one of the most direct routes to the new mines, and will prover a profitable investment to its owners.~

1863 August 8, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Board of Supervisors - Ordered that an election precinct be established at Copper City.~

1864 March 23, The Copper City Pioneer - newspaper published by W. L. Carter made its initial appearance.~

W.D. Olendorf =Medical  Doctor in  Shasta and then Red Bluff, Tehama County, California. In 1855 he announced practicing medicine in Shasta, with Dr. J.A. Raymond, office being a few doors below Rhodes & Co's Banking House.~

Joseph Kessler = Shareholder in Williams & Kellinger Mining Company, Pittsburg District, Shasta County, California in 1864.~

1864 March 26, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California [Same notice as below]~

1864 April 9, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - BRIDGE NOTICE - The undersigned hereby give notice, that they will apply to the board of Supervisors of Shasta county, thirty days from the date hereof, or as soon thereafter as  said Board shall meet and be able to consider said petition, for a license to construct and keep a toll bridge across Pit River, near Copper City, in said county of Shasta, at a point about one mile, or one and a half miles above the ferry now kept, or formerly kept and owned by George Silverthorn, in said county of Shasta. Dated this 25th day of February, A.D. 1864. Signed:  W.D. Olendorf. Joseph Kessler.~

1864 May 2, Copper City School established.~

1864 May 7, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California, Board of Supervisors Meeting for the May Term, 1864 - Petition received from several citizens of Copper City praying for the establishment of a School District at that place. Petition granted and an order made creating Copper City School District, No. 21, to embrace all that portion of township No. 5 north of Pit River.~

1865 September 30, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Judges and Inspectors of Election - Copper City:  R.C. Babcock, Inspector; W.K. Conger, Wm. H. Gooch, Judges.~

1865 October 21, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - TELEGRAPHIC - Mr. Peck will in a few days commence the erection of a line of telegraph from this place [Shasta] to Copper City. Though the line may not pay at once, there is no doubt in the minds of those well posted but that it will be a paying institution in a short time. As a matter of convenience it would be of great utility now.~

1866 February 3, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - WILLIAMS & KELLINGER - This company, the only one now working at Copper City, have been at work constantly driving tunnels. Their main one is now in to where they have struck mineral bearing quartz. The strike took place in the fore part of this week, and created quite an excitement. By next week we hope to be able to chronicle that this company have met with assured success. Their persistent energy and industry deserve a rich reward.~

1867 January 26, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - COPPER CITY - This place, once so promising, is now almost deserted, and its silent streets and vacant buildings give it an air of desolation disagreeable to a live Yankee to behold. Work is entirely suspended on all the quartz claims, and but six or seven men remain in the place. Two years ago it contained a population of two or three hundred.~

1867 February 23, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - COPPER CITY - Unless the Kellinger Company resumes work in the spring, Copper City will probably be left without a solitary white inhabitant. Out of the former population of the place, there is now left but eight men and a few women and children.~

1867 March 9, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - KELLINGER - J.J. Bell informs us that an English company of Swansea, Wales, has offered to lease the Original Williams and Kellinger Mine at Copper City. The company proposes to take possession of and work the claim for a certain number of years, for which privilege the stockholders of the mine will receive a per centage of the total amount realize. The Kellinger Trustees held a meeting at Red Bluff last week to consider the proposition and the probabilities are that it will be accepted. If the arrangement is completed, the new company will proceed to erect smelting works at Copper City for the reduction of the ore preparatory to shipping it to Swansea. Practical miners will also be brought from England to work the claim.~

1867 August 24, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - GOLD EXCITEMENT - Wm. Logan, of Copper City, came in from that place this week and brought information that rich diggings had been discovered on a stream known as First Creek, three miles above Pittsburg. Every man about Copper City has located claims on this creek, and prospecting is going on at a lively rate. Logan showed us eight dollars in gold dust which he panned out in one day. The diggings are located on a narrow bar, extending some two hundred yards parallel with the creek, and the gravel is nowhere over three feet deep. The creek on which this discovery has been made, is about four miles long, and heads on the northeast side of Bully Hill. Logan says the character of the gold found on First Creek is the same as that taken from the Tetrick claim on the south side of Bully Hill.~ [ First Creek - Stream:  Flowed to Squaw Creek, now the Squaw Creek Arm of Shasta Lake.]

1867 October 12, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - ELK - Mr. Brock of Copper City recently killed an elk in the mountains near Squaw Valley, which weighed seven hundred pounds when dressed. A herd of these animals has ranged through the mountains about the head waters of McCloud River for a number of years, but they were very wild and watchful and always eluded the most cautious hunter. Brock has boasted for a long time that he would ultimately get one of them.~

1867 October 19, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - GIVEN UP - Harvey Dickenson moved his family from Churntown to Copper City soon after the discovery of the quartz ledges on Kellinger Hill, and made up his mind to "see the place out." Ledge after ledge was abandoned and finally work ceased entirely on all the claims, and the district was comparatively abandoned. Still Dickenson held on, and waited month after month in hopes that work would be resumed on some of the ledges, or that capitalists would come along a buy up the district and develop rich mines; but no one went near the spot where so much money had been expended without producing any recompense. Dickenson has finally weakened, and announces his intention of abandoning Copper City as a failure. If there is a man in the county deserving of credit for faith and perseverance in the face of discouraging circumstances, that man is Harvey Dickenson.~

1868 August 15, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Election Precincts - Copper City:  George Silverthorn, Inspector; A. Sandford and C.W. Pierce, Judges; H.H. Worley and W. Curl, Alternates.~

1869 May 22, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California -COPPER CITY - We are informed that an English company have lately made a proposition to the Kellinger Company to work the Lellinger Mine at Copper City. The Englishmen propose to work the mine provide they are allowed all the ore they can take out for three years. If the proposition is accepted, smelting works will be erected at Copper City this summer.~

1870 November 26, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - STORE BROKEN OPEN - One night last week the store of Dr. Pierce at Copper City, was broken open and about $50. worth of good stolen. The thieves effected an entrance into the building by cutting a couple of panes of glass from one of the windows. They also attempted to break open the safe with a sledge and would probably have succeeded had they persevered in the attempt a while longer. Pierce was away from home the night the robbery occurred.~

1871, residents received mail addressed to Shasta, 22 miles southwest.

1878 May 11, Copper City School re-established.~

1878 May 21, 4th Class U.S. Post Office established as Copper City, Shasta County, California. Name derived from the Gold Silver Copper Company (1863). Located 30 miles northeast of Redding. (north side of Pit River near the mouth of Squaw Creek.)

Cary M. Fulton First Postmaster.

1878 May 27, San Francisco Bulletin - Pacific Coast Postal Changes - Post Office established:  Copper City, Shasta County, California, C.M. Fulton, postmaster.~

1878 August 8, "The first daily U.S. mail between Reading and Copper City left here on the second instant under the care of Wm. Thompson, proprietor of the rand C.C. Express."

1879 April 9, Sacramento Daily Union, SILVER BRICKS FROM COPPER CITY - The Extra Mining Company of Copper City shipped two silver bricks to-day valued at $3,890. The mine is improving very much, and all others in the district look well.~

1880 May 10, Copper City Post Office discontinued and service moved to Redding.~

1888 July 12, 4th Class Post Office established as Ydalpom, Shasta, California. Located 7 miles east of Baird per Postal Route Map. Ydalpom is a Wintun Indian place name meaning "north lying place." This post office/location name replaced Copper City which had a post office from 1878 to 1880.

Anderson Tetrick was the first Postmaster for Ydalpom.~

1889 February 5, Eliza Miles, Postmaster.~

1895 August 19San Francisco Chronicle, Shasta County Teachers - Copper City School:  Myra Giles.~

1899 January 15San Francisco Call, DEATH AT COPPER CITY - David Porter Miles, a prominent citizen and merchant of copper city, is dead, having succumbed to a stroke of paralysus. He was 49 years of age. A large family survives him.~

1899 March 5, Searchlight, Redding, California - Miss Nellie Lynch, the Copper City school teacher and Miss Bertha Miles of that place were visitors in Redding yesterday.~

1899 March 22San Francisco Call, SHASTA COUNTY'S COPPER MINES - A great deal of attention is being attracted in this county to the Pittsburg mining district abounding in copper and gold ores. Twenty claims were filed in the County Recorders Office on Monday. Within this district is the old Copper city camp. An extremely rich ledge of copper ore is being developed on Bully Hill, and as other copper and a number of free gold strikes have lately been made in the district, unusual attention has been attracted.~

1901 April 26San Francisco Call, SEEKING COPPER IN SHASTA - Captain J. R. Delamar, a millionaire mine owner, has again shown his faith in the copper belt of Shasta County. To-day he took, through his agents, a bond on the Globe Group of copper claims near Copper City, within three miles of the Bully Hill plant, which he recently transferred to corporate ownership. The bond is said to be in a good figure, although the amount is not given out.~

1911 July 8, Sacramento Union - Teachers Appointed - Mabel Couey.~

1912 August 31, Pearl Engle, Postmaster.

1912 October 30, San Francisco Chronicle, California Postmasters, Washington, October 29 - ". . . commissioned today were:  Pearl Engle, Ydalpom. . ."

1915 August 30, Searchlight, Redding, California - Miss Hael Moyer departed Monday morning for Copper City, where she will join Mr. and Mrs. Ira Engle on a week's outing on Squaw Creek at Kelly's Place. Miss moyer will open the Copper city School next Monday.~

1919 September 30Red Bluff Daily News - Mrs. S. D. Pierce, who taught school for many years in Tehama county, is teaching at Ydalpom, Shasta county.~

1923 September 21, Searchlight, Redding, California - TO CONSOLIDATE TWO SCHOOLS - Owing to the suspension of mining and smelting by the Shasta Zinc and Copper Company, the population of [Copper City] and Winthrop, or Bully Hill, has fallen off so greatly there are not enough children in Copper city and Winthrop districts to maintain separate schools.

It has been arranged that school will be opened in Copper City next Monday morning with Miss Margaret Monahan of Bully Hill as teacher. She will bring down from Winthrop the four children in her home district. The distance between the two school houses is only four miles. There are six children in Copper City and four in Winthrop.~

1923 October 7, Searchlight, Redding, California - LEAVING COPPER CITY TO GO TO CASTELLA - Ira P. Engle, for twenty-three year the only merchant and hotel keeper in this old gold camp, has bought five acres of ground along the Sacramento River in Castella, and will move his business and buildings to the canyon town in the spring. His large storeroom, hotl, garage, and warehouses will be torn down and the material moved on auto trucks to Castella.

Engle has bought five acres of land between the railroad and the river at the upper end of Castella. He will not only build a store but he will build a summer resort hotel.

There are a fine grove of forest trees and two mineral springs on the tract. Engle is now improving the ground at Castella in the way of doing some landscape work.

Engle's location in Castella is a beauty spot. He will even improve on nature and will spare no money to make his five acre tract a great summer and health resort.~

1924 June 11, Mrs. Mary Sheehan, Postmaster.

1924 August 15, Evening Tribune (San Diego, CA) - Redding, Aug. 15 - Two women are struggling for the position of postmaster of Ydalpom, the post office name of the pioneer mining town of Copper City. Mrs. Ira P. Engle, Incumbent holds the fort.

Mrs. P.A. Sheehan, armed with a commission and necessary receipts, demands that the office be turned over to her. Mrs. Engle holds on, insisting that only a post office inspector can transfer the office. An inspector drops around at Ydalpom about once in three months.~

1931 July 23, Mrs. Ida May Cunningham, Postmaster.

1943 July 31, Ydalpom Post Office discontinued. Service moved to Redding.




1903 June 26, Los Angeles Herald, BIG SMELTER TO BE BUILT - The semi-official announcement is made here [Redding] that the Balaklala Mining Company has contracted with an eastern manufactory for the construction of a million dollar smelting plant at the mine. Peter Kimberley, representing a syndicate of Philadelphia, holds an option on the mine in the sum of $650,000. The news of the proposed construction of a big smelter, which would indicate a sale, and active operations from now on, is joyfully received in Shasta County.~

1906 May 15, Sacramento Union, WILL CONDUCT BOARDING HOUSE AT BALAKLALA - P. J. Anson of Anson & Company, Salt Lake City, visited Kennet and the new town of Coram the past week. His company has the contract for conducting the Balaklala Company's boarding-house at both mine and smelter.~

1906 June 13, Sacramento Union, SECURES BIG CONTRACT - A. G. Frost has secured the big contract for the grading of the Balaklala smelter. From forty to fifty teams will be employed.~

1906 July 27, Sacramento Union, BUSINESS AT CORAM - Several new business houses are already launched at the new smelter camp of Coram. Perhaps the most important next to Golinky's branch store from Kennet, is the well-established lumber business of B.F. Boyd.~

1906 July 29, San Francisco Call, FIGHTING FOR SUPREMACY - The towns of Coram and East Coram, near the new Balaklala, are having quite a fight for supremacy, with the advantages in favor of East Coram where lots are readily sought and where the Southern Pacific has a depot.~

1906 August 4, 4th Class Post Office established as Coram, Shasta County, California. Named for Joseph A. Coram, President of the Davis-Daly Estate Copper Company incorporated in Maine, May 1906 with holdings in Butte, Montana. The site chosen for Coram was below Kennet and 2 1/2 miles north of Copley and along the railroad.

1906 August 4, Henry W. Brown, First Postmaster.

1906 August 15, Sacramento Union, CORAM IS GROWING AND LOTS SELL RAPIDLY -The last lot in the so-called business district of the newly laid-off town of Coram has been sold, and residence lots are going at a rapid rate. One of the best purchasers of business lots was M. Hansen, who has holdings also at the camps of Delamar and Kennet.~

1906 October 6, Sacramento Union, NEW LODGING-HOUSE AT BALAKLALA MINE - The new lodging-house at the Balaklala mine just completed is the biggest in the Northern California mining field. It is four stories high and contains 70 rooms, having accordingly room for 140 men. There is a long reading and recreation hall, extending the whole length of the building.~

1907 January 12, oram School established.  (at mining site now south of Shasta Dam. Coram was also the end of the 9 mile tram line taking gravel to the construction of Shasta Dam).~

1907 January 13Sacramento Union - CORAM NOW HAS SCHOOL BUILDING - Coram, Jan 12 - The new camp of Coram will soon have a going school. The Balaklala company has built and furnished a nice one-story school building for temporary purposes, and a public schoolcommittee on the part of the citizens secured pledges from the business men and people of the community for $62.50 per month for the support of a teacher for the next four months. This is necessary,as the school will not come in for apportioned school moneys till after the first of July.~

1907 May 4Sacramento Union - Coram, May 3 - the school census, which has just been completed, gives Coram 120 children, or more than enough to entitle the district to employ two teachers next year. This is a pretty good showing for a new district that will draw its first public money after the first of July, when the district's organization will be perfected.~

1907 May 24, Sacramento Union, FOUR-HORSE STAGE - A four-horse stage now makes the round trip daily from Coram to the Balaklala and Shasta King mines.~

1907 July 16Sacramento Bee, TO BUILD SCHOOL - One-Year-Old District Plans $8000. Structure - Coram, Shasta County - An election will be called immediately in the Coram school district for the purpose of voting bonds to build an $8000 public school building. This is an unusually large amount for a schoolhouse for a district which has not been in existance for a year, but the indications point to such a growth in population here that a less costly one would not answer the purposes. The Coram school was conducted during the latter part of last term by means of private subscription, the district having been formed too late to receive an apportionment of the school moneys. A temporary building was erected by the Balaklala company, but to properly accommodate the pupils which will be here inside of next year will require a large building.~

1907 August 12, Sacramento Union, IMPROVEMENTS AT CORAM - Time and money are not being spared by the Southern Pacific in its yard improvements east of Coram to the smelter. It is expected that the new depot will be finished next week. It will be a handsome structure, far above most of the depots in Northern California. Building is active in Coram. The evacuation for the Tillotson building is nearly finished and is serving a double purpose. The earth taken away is being used to fill the low ground on Fir Street.~

1907 August 23Red Bluff News - CORAM SCHOOL TEACHERS - The Coram School Board has been very fortunate in securing two very excellent teachers. Miss Nellie E. Braynard of Red Bluff will be principal and teacher of the higher grades, and Miss Louise Hoadley of Martinez will have charge of the primary grades. The school will open on the second of September for the winter term, which will be of  six months duration - Coram Recorder

Miss Braynard has been teaching in the Redding schools.~

1907 October 8, Sacramento Bee - SELL SCHOOL BONDS - Coram, Shasta County - Bonds of the Coram School District in the sum of $8000 were sold yesterday by County Treasurer Dennis, the Bank of Anderson being the successful bidder. The bonds brought $130 premium. They bear 6% interest. County Treasurer Dennis says that the same bonds six months ago would have brought $400 or $500 premium. The proceeds will be used in building a new school house. This was the second time the bonds were offered for sale. A month ago not a single offer was made.~

1907 October 10, Sacramento Union, WORKED SMOOTHLY - The new aerial tramway that extends from the smelter to the mines of the Balaklala company was successfully operated this week. Within a short time it will be handling thousands of tons of ore monthly.~

1907 October 18, Red Bluff News, SMELTER SHUT DOWN - The Balaklala smelter was shut down Saturday night, throwing out of employment some sixty men. Only the Superintendent and watchman are retained.~

1908 February 4, Sacramento Union, NOW FLAG STATIONS - The Southern Pacific has closed down its depots at Coram, Sims and Mott, owing to the slack in business. These places will now only be flag stations. Coram was doing the heaviest business of any station between Redding and Ashland, Kennett excepted, up to the time that the smelter construction ceased at the Balaklala. The Coram depot will be as good as ever just as soon as the Balaklala company resumes operations. The depot at Sims will again be opened when lumbering is resumed in the spring.~

1908 August 22, Sacramento Bee, CONTRACT AWARDED FOR CORAM SCHOOL -Coram, Shasta County - A contract was awarded to-day for the construction of a $7000 four-room school house for this camp. It is to be of the same general outline, and plans as the Kennet school building. At Kennet, all four rooms are already in use,, although at the opening of that camp two years ago there were only two rooms used and only two teachers weere employed.~

1908 December 19, Sacramento Union - Great Day for Coram - Wednesday was another red-letter day for coram, the baby smelter center of the Pacific slope, the second furnace of the coram Plant of the First National Copper Compnay being on that day blown in. It is expected that the converter plant will be finished by the holidays, and the new year will assuredly see Coram climbing the ladder of prosperity to the highest rung.~

1910 April 27, San Francisco Call, COPPER COMPANY TO DISPOSE OF FUMES - SMELTER COSTING $150,000 TO BE INSTALLED SOON AT CORAM - A final agreement has been signed between the farmers' committee and the officials of the Balaklala copper company regarding the disposition of the fumes from the company's smelter at Coram. The Balaklala company has agreed to install a plant to dispose of the fumes by the Cottrell process. The plant will cost $150,000. and will be installed by July 1.~

1910 December 29, San Francisco Call, BALAKLALA SMELTER RESUMES OPERATIONS - SMOKE CONSUMER REMOVES OBJECTIONS OF FARMERS - The Balaklala smelter, which was shut down early in December at the request of farmers whoi complained that the smoke was injurious to crops, resumed today, one furnace being blown in. A smoke consumer has been installed. The smelter employs 500 men.~

1911 July 6. Red Bluff News, RED MEN COMBINE - The closing down of the smelters at Coram has caused such an exodus of residents from that town that it has seemed advisable to consolidate the Coram Lodge of Red Men with the Redding Lodge. This has been done and the former Balaklala Tribe #191, has become merged to Manawa Tribe #201, at Redding.~

1911 July 8, Sacramento Union - Teachers Appointed - Edna M. Behrens.~

1911 July 28, Los Angeles Herald, BALAKLALA SMELTER CLOSED - The Balaklala Copper company has closed down its mines and smelter at Coram for an indefinite period. Judge Morro of the united States Circuit Court decided from the evidence presented by the farmers that the Balaklala was failing to control the smoke from the big plant and ordered the plant closed within thirty-five days. Contrary to expectations, the Balaklala did not fight the claims of the farmers and instead of availing itself of the fulltime granted decided to close at once. This resulted in the discharge of about 500 men from the mine and about 200 from the smelter.~

1911 October 12, Sacramento Union - WILL CLOSE POST OFFICE AT CORAM - Closing of Balaklala Smelter Means Depopulation of Once Prosperous Town - Washington D.C., Oct 11 - By order of the postoficce department, the office at Coram, Shasta county, will be discontinued October 31.

Coram was less than a year ago one of the most properous little cities in Californina having a population of over 1500 inhabitants with fine stores, large hotels and many pretty homes. This was in the days of the operation of the Balaklala smelter. Then Coram claimed the largest tonnage of any point in California north of Sacramento. The little city had a payroll of over $880,000 a month, with a city government planning good streets and sidewalks.

The great smelter closed down a few month ago and since that time Coram has been steadily decreasing in population and business until now the government finds that it will not support a fourth-class post office.~

1912 March 21, George S. Bolles, Postmaster.

1912 October 17, William H. Carroll, Postmaster.

1913 December 4, Harry B. Wilson, Postmaster.

1914 August 25, Sacramento Union, BALAKLALA MINE SHUTS DOWN - The Balaklala Copper mine has stripped to a war basis. All hands but four at the mine and four at the smelter have been laid off. The buckets have been stripped from the aerial tram line. up to the time of the little unplesantness in Europe, the Balaklala was shipping 250 tons of ore daily to the smelter at Kennett or to the smelter in Mason, Nev.~

1915 July 1, George S. Ferguson, Postmaster.

1915 July 1, Los Angeles Herald, JOBS FOR 1000 MINERS - more than a thousand men will be put to work in the Trinity and Balaklala copper mines within a short time, it was announced today by the directors of the mining company.~

1915 August 11, Searchlight, Coram School - The teacher of the Coram school next term will be Mrs. Bigler from the Gladstone mine. Mr. and Mrs. Bigler are moving here.~

1915 October 28Searchlight, Redding, California - Mr. and Mrs. W.R. Rolls of Coram werein this city Wednesday afternoon. Mr. Rolls brought down the election returns. Only twelve votes were cast in the city of Coram.~

1915 October 30Searchlight, Redding, California - FOR CORAM SCHOOL - The women folks of Coram have arranged to have a dance and entertainment in a hall down town Saturday evening, all for the benefit of the Coram school. The proceeds will be used in purchasing some needed appliances, such as maps, etc. Mrs. George S. Ferguson and Mrs. Mabel Bigler, teacher of the school, are engineering the affair, which is bound to be well attended.~

1915 November 14, Searchlight, Redding, California - Mr. and Mrs. G.M. Couey of Ono, accompanied by their daughter, Miss Clara Couey, were in Redding Saturday to take the evening train for Coram, where they will spend Sunday with their daughter, Mrs. B.D. Bigler, teacher of the Coram School.~

1915 October 28, Searchlight, Redding, California - Mr. and Mrs. W.R. Rolls of Coram werein this city Wednesday afternoon. Mr. Rolls brought down the election returns. Only twelve votes were cast in the city of Coram.~

1917 April 30, Sacramento Union, CORAM POSTMASTER TAKES EXAMINATION - A civil service examination was held in the Redding postoffice Saturday for those who would like to be postmaster at Coram. Freeman B. Cullom, who has been acting postmaster ever since George S. Ferguson left Coram, was the only applicant. Cullom is accountant for the Balaklala Copper Company.~

1917 May 27San Francisco Chronicle, CORAM, May 26 - Miss Wilma Bolles has been engaged to teach the Coram school next term.~

1917 June 18, Freeman B. Cullom, Postmaster.

1919 May 14, Sacramento Union, TO SHUT DOWN MINE - The Balaklala Copper Company mine is to be shut down within a few days, according to a statement issued here today by company officials. They said this action would be necessary owing to a shortage of labor and the fear that a strike of smeltermen at Kennett, three miles from the properties, would spread to the Balaklala mine.~

1921 July 30, Sausalito News, Condensed News of California - Coram - The Balaklala Copper Company has laid off a watchman at Coram. Assuming that he will move away, there will be left only two men in Coram, which a few years ago was an incorporated city. The other male resident is William Wood, who makes his living tearing down houses. When the Balaklala Copper Company's meter was running this place had a population of 2000. There has been no school here for two years. The two-story, four-room school house, that cost $10,000, is falling into decay and it is proposed to sell it as junk.~

1922 April 29, Coram Post Office discontinued and service moved to Kennett.

1923 June 8, Sacramento Bee - SHASTAN HAS NEARLY ENOUGH CHILDREN TO START UP CORAM SCHOOL - Coram, Shasta County - The Coram school district lapsed two years ago and the two-story schoolhouse was sold as scrap. Now that the Balaklala is on the point of starting up again, the district will be revived if possible.

Frank H. Buick, foreman of the Balaklala tramline, has come back to take his old position. Eight children are required to re-establish a school district. As Buick has seven in his own family, he feels confident that another family with a child will come to Coram and fill out the quota.~



Cottonwood, a town 4.5 miles south of Anderson, mostly on the north side of Cottonwood Creek -Post Office - Schools:  Oak Knoll, Cottonwood - Voting Precinct - 

1852 February 20, Cottonwood, Shasta County, California Post Office established near Cottonwood Creek 17 miles north of Red Bluff per the Postal Route Map.~

1852 February 20, Marcus J. Clanton, First Postmaster.~

1852 November 16, G.W. Clanton, Postmaster.~

1852, Marcus J. Clanton established a toll ferry across Cottonwood Creek in 1852 (or earlier) to serve the traffic to and from Shasta and the Bluffs (later Red Bluff). The river boats were coming as far as the Red Bluffs on the Sacramento River and occasionally further north. The Clanton and Lean Ferries were essential to the early commerce of northern California.~

1852, Partners William Lean and J. R. Lasiter established a ferry across Cottonwood Creek near the present day Tehama/Shasta Counties bridges for Main Street Cottonwood and Interstate 5 freeway in 1852. At that time it may have been called Lasiter's Ferry. It is on record as being licensed 10 December 1853, solely to William Lean.~

1853 May 27, David C. Huntoon, Postmaster.~

1853 November 22, William K. Lean, Postmaster.~

1854 September 21, Prices Current and Shipping List (San Francisco, California - Corrrect List of Post Offices in California - Cottonwood, Shasta; William Lane [s/b William Lean, but it is pronounced Lane].~

1858 August 28, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Election - James L. Hart, Inspector; S.B. Sheldon and William Ludwig, Judges.~

1859 August 6, Shasta Courier, Shasta, California - Election - William Lean, Inspector; G.K. Garrison and William Wilson, Judges.~

1860 March 26, Alexander B. Jackson, Postmaster, Cottonwood, Tehama County, California as a result of the county boundary change.~

1863 November 3, Oak Knoll school established.~

1869 August 4, John A. Brown, Postmaster, Cottonwood, Tehama County, California.~

1872 September 20, Post Office again in Shasta County.~

1872 September 20, Jacob Foster, Postmaster. Said to have run the post office from his tavern on Main Street after the first train passed through Cottonwood to Redding.~

1874 January 26, Henry Lyman (Syman?), Postmaster.~

1874 March 10, Jacob Foster, Postmaster.~

1874 March 17, San Francisco Bulletin - Postal Changes - Postmasters Appointed:  Cottonwood, Shasta County, California:  Jacob Forster.~

1877, The Great Register for the County of Shasta, California, listed the following residents:  Antoine BAUNN, Switzerland, Laborer; William Murry CLEVELAND, Ohio, Bar Keeper; Thomas CHAPMAN, Michigan, Laborer; Stephen Davis DAMMON, Maine, Railroad Man; Thomas GRAY, Indiana, Blacksmith; William Franklin HARDMAN, Missouri, Laborer; William HORTON, USA, Farmer; Matthew P.T. KYLE, Pennsylvania, Miller; John George LOVELL, Vermont, Farmer; Elmus NICKOLAS, Pennsylvania, Farmer; William Franklin PRICE, Missouri, Merchant; Eugene Benton RICHARDSON, Illinois, Teamster; Luman Hopkins ROWLEE, USA, Blacksmith; Michael RILEY, Ireland, Laborer; James Oscar SMITH, New York, Physician; Adam SCHUMAN, Germany, Merchant (Tehama County, California); Andrew Madison SMITH, Iowa, Farmer; Adolphe TUPKER, Germany, Carpenter (Shasta Co.).~

1877 August 20, William Knowlton, Postmaster in his small store on Front Street. Knowlton also operated the Wells, Fargo and Company office.~

1881The History and Business Directory for the County of Shasta, California:  Henry ARMENTROUT, Wagon maker; George BILLUP, Merchant; Charles BILLUP, Merchant; Captain H. BOSANKO, Sheep Raiser; Westley BROWN, Farmer; George BUTTERWAY, Carpenter; F. CROWLEY, farmer; Charles FORSTER, Agent Wells Fargo & Company; Jacob FORSTER, Hotel; John FORSTER, Telegraph Operator; Thomas GREY, Blacksmith; E D R JONES, Carpenter; William KNOWLTON, Merchant and Postmaster; William LANE [LEAN], Farmer; Mrs. Wilhelmina LUDWIG, Stockraiser; E. NICHOLS, Farmer; William F. PRICE & Company, General Mechandise; L. H. ROWLEE, Blacksmith; J.O. SMITH, Physician; L. SCHUMAN (with W.F. Price & Co.); Adolph TUPKER, Carpenter.~

1881 July 23, Shasta Courier - List of School District Clerks - Cottonwood, H.H. Shuffleton of Gas Point.~

1886 September 16, Walton W. Felts, Postmaster.~

1886 October 12, San Francisco Bulletin - Pacific Coast Items - Mail service has been established from Cottonwood to Gas Point, Shasta County seventeen miles and back, twice a week.~

1886 December 4, William Knowlton, Postmaster.~

1889 March 26, Camellia Parlor No. 41 of the Native Daughters of the Golden West, Cottonwood, Shasta County, California was instituted this date. The center of the seal is a single Camellia blossom.~

1889 April 25, Solomon S. Crane, Postmaster.~

1893 August 5, Mrs. Virginia S. Martin, Postmaster.~

1895 August 19, San Francisco Chronicle, Shasta County Teachers - Oak Knoll School:  Amelia Blumb, Lottie Kingsbury.~

1897 October 12, Thomas J. McCabe, Postmaster.~

1899 February 21, Searchlight (Redding, CA) Mrs. Kate J. Lean has petitioned for letters of administration on the estate of her late husband, Robert Henry Lean, of Cottonwood. The personal property is valued at $275. She asks for the guardianship of two minor children.~

1899 June 28, Searchlight, Redding, California - Mrs. Ludwig paid Cottonwood friends a visit this week. Mrs. Ludwig owns a large farm west of this place, but now makes her home with her daughter, Mrs. Weaver, who lives near Anderson.~

1899 June 28Searchlight, Redding, California - Miss Gertrude McNamar, teacher of the primary department at Cottonwood, drove to Redding Monday on business.~

1902 May - May Day Edition of the Cottonwood Herald -

"There are four Fraternal organizations in town, and all in a flourishing condition:  Court Cottonwood, Ancient Order of Foresters, No. 8926; Olive Branch Lodge, No. 201, Fraternal Brotherhood; Shasta View, Modern Woodmen, No. 10,489; Oaknole [Oak Knoll] Circle, Companion to A.O.F. Besides there are several social societies that help to keep the community in harmony and good fellowship."

"Cottonwood Gun Club - Members in 1902 included W.L. Rose, T.D. Goodman, Ed G. Carter, John Hutchinson, I.N. Gould, and Jim Long."~

1908 - Miss Marcia Ardley, E.M. Null, and Miss Olive Owens, Teachers, Oak Knoll School.~

1908 December 4, Shasta Courier,(Redding, California) -  Edward G. Carter, a leading businessman of Cottonwood, was a Tuesday morning arrival in this city on legal business. Mr. Carter is the leader of a number of citizens who are fighting the new Anderson high school measure.~

1911 May 23, Sacramento Bee - Cottonwood, Shasta County - The School Trustees have elected the following teachers for the ensuing year:  Principal, Miss Carita E. Miles (re-elected); Intermediate, Miss Hattie McCampbell of Copper City; Primary, Miss Myra E. Giles of Balls Ferry.~

1911 July 8, Sacramento Union - Teachers Appointed - Oak Knoll: Hattie McCampbell and Bessie Maxwell.~

1912 July 17, Joseph C. Ashbaugh, Postmaster.~

1915 March 2, Virginia H. Gould, Postmaster.~

1917 May 27, San Francisco Chronicle - Fred Bongers, a storekeeper of Bella Vista, and Miss Alma Love, principal of the Cottonwood schools, were married in Sacramento last Friday. They returned to Bella Vista Monday evening.~

1920 February 11, Virginia H. Rice, Postmaster.~

1923 June 3, Searchlight, Redding, California - EIGHT GRADUATES - Oak Knoll School of Cottonwood closed last week. The following pupils passed the final examination and are ready for their graduation diplomas:  Alfred Seale, Elizabeth Butterway, William Becker, Louis Joseph, Mary Joseph, Hazel Graham, Miriam Morgan and Merle Heer. Elizabeth Butterway and William Becker were present every day, 165 in all, and were never tardy. Hazel Graham was absent only one-half day.~

1923 June 17, Searchlight, Redding, California - TO BE PRINCIPAL IN COTTONWOOD - Miss Myra Giles has been elected principal of the Cottonwood schools for the coming year. She has taught the Lone Tree School near Balls Ferry for a number of years. Miss Giles is a member of the County Board of Education.

Mrs. Helen Dwinell was retained as assistant teacher.~

1923 July 17, Searchlight (Redding, California) - THOMAS J. MCCABE DIES IN HOSPITAL - Kick of a Horse Proves Fatal to Cottonwood Farmer - Woodland, July 16 - Thomas J. McCabe, 66, for thirty-five years a widely known rancher of Cottonwood, Shasta county, died in a hospital here yesterday as the result of a kick in the groin by a horse. He was a native of Indiana.

Surviving are the widow, six daughters and two sons and four brothers and one sister.

Thomas J. McCabe was postmaster at Cottonwood for a good many years.

He had a small farm north of Cottonwood and was one of the first in the district to get the full benefit of irrigation. McCabe was a highly respected citizen.~

1925 February 21, Denver C. Jamerson, Postmaster.~

1933 August 31, Alfred F. Seale, Postmaster.~

1971 July 17, Mr. Manville L. Hatcher, Postmaster.~



The Cove - Located 2 miles north-northwest of the village of Montgomery Creek - Big Bend - 

1880 August 5, Cove School established.~

1883 September 29Shasta Courier, School notes, September 13th:  Cove, primary grade. Enrolled 22, present 12. Building unfinished, seats ditto. Fairly supplied with apparatus. water abundant and pure. Grounds natural. Miss M.M. Blodgett, teacher 2nd grade. Salary, $60.00. Jacob Laub, Clerk.~

1895 August 19, San Francisco Chronicle - Shasta County Teachers - Cove School:  Kate Crocker.~

1899 August 12, Searchlight, Redding, California - Shasta's List of School Teachers - Cove:  Clara Ledgerwood.~

1911 July 8, Sacramento Union - Teachers Appointed - Minnie Burtner.~

1921 January 7, Sacramento Bee - BOARD AUTHORIZES ISSUE OF BONDS - Wengler, Shasta County - The Supervisors have authorized Cove School District at this place to issue $1000. in bonds to build a new school house.

Bonds carried at the election unanimously. The bonds are to become payable in from one to five years.~

1923 March 22, Searchlight, Redding, California - Mrs. Charles G. Hill of Ingot was in Redding Wednesday. She is to teach the school in Cove District in the Big Bend, commencing next month.~